To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Robert Fiske Griggs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1919 Katmai expedition with Griggs sixth from the left
1919 Katmai expedition with Griggs sixth from the left

Robert Fiske Griggs (22 August 1881 in Brooklyn, Connecticut – 10 June 1962), was a botanist who led a 1915 National Geographic Society expedition to observe the aftermath of the Katmai volcanic eruption.

In June 1917, Griggs and the eager NGS explorers rushed to the Katmai coast with the express goal of exploring the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes. They quickly worked their way up through the ash-filled Katmai River valley and over the pass. It was a month of terror and elation for the twelve adventurers. Through the long Alaska summer days, they took chemical and geologic samples, shot photographs, and made rough maps. Mincing their way across the crumbling, treacherous surface of the hot ash, they studied the temperatures and temperaments of the roaring fumaroles and explored the perilous margins of the pyroclastic deposits. As they explored and documented the valley, they began to build a picture of the eruption. For five years, the American public had been entranced by the exciting volcanic discoveries in Alaska. Hungry for stories to push the horrors of World War I from their minds, thousands of National Geographic subscribers were thrilled to read Griggs’ gripping articles about the adventures of his exploring parties.

As the discoveries unfolded, Griggs became increasingly zealous in his advocacy of the site. His vivid descriptions of the wonders of the Katmai country ignited the interest of what was then a budding conservation movement in the United States. The mysterious volcanic valley seemed an ideal candidate for protection. Griggs and the chiefs of the National Geographic Society campaigned persistently to preserve the area, and in 1918, President Woodrow Wilson declared 1,700 square miles (4,400 km2) of land as Katmai National Monument.

He holds degrees from Ohio State University (BA), University of Minnesota (MA), and Harvard University (Ph.D) and taught at Fargo College, Ohio State, George Washington University, and University of Pittsburgh.[1]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/1
  • ✪ Fumaroles on Mount Griggs



  1. ^ "Robert Fiske Griggs – the Ecological Society of America's History and Records".
  2. ^ IPNI.  Griggs.

External links

Griggs, Robert F. "The Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes: An Account of the Discovery and Exploration of the Most Wonderful Volcanic Region in the World," National Geographic (February 1918), 115–169.

This page was last edited on 10 March 2020, at 21:54
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.