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Rmanj Monastery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Renovated church of the Rmanj Monastery
Renovated church of the Rmanj Monastery

The Rmanj Monastery (Serbian Cyrillic: Манастир Рмањ) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery dedicated to Saint Nicholas and located in Martin Brod in north-western Bosnia and Herzegovina, at the left bank of the Unac River near its confluence with the Una.

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Transcription

History

It was probably founded in the late 15th or early 16th century. After the Ottoman Empire's conquest of the area, the monastery was temporarily abandoned in 1578. Bosnian Beylerbey Telli Hasan Pasha had the Rmanj Monastery renewed as a seat of his brother, Orthodox monk Gavrilo Predojević.[1] In the early 17th century, it became the see of the Serbian Orthodox Metropolitanate of Dabar-Bosnia, and it remained in this capacity for about 110 years. After the monastery was burned down by the Turks in 1663, it was later rebuilt and reoccupied in 1737. It was burned down again during the Austro-Turkish War of 1787–1791. Ottoman authorities allowed the renovation of the monastery in 1863, and it was rebuilt in two years. It was badly damaged during the anti-Ottoman uprising in Bosnia in 1875 and 1876.[2] Next year, Arthur Evans visited Rmanj (spelled as "Ermanja" by him), and in one of his letters, he described the damage inflicted on the monastery's church by troops under a Bosnian Muslim feudal lord.[3] Once more, the monastery was repaired in 1883.[2]

In World War II, a field hospital of the Yugoslav Partisans was organised at the monastery. For this reason,[4] it was bombed by the Germans and completely destroyed on 23 April 1944.[2] In 1974, authorities of the Socialist Yugoslavia allowed the renovation of the monastery.[4] Its church was completed in the 1980s, and the foundation of the monks' dormitory was consecrated in 1993. In 1995, during the Croatian Army's Operation Storm, the monastery was shelled and badly damaged.[2] Afterwards, Croatian soldiers mined the monastery's church, but the mines were removed by British soldiers of the SFOR. The dormitory was completed in 2006, and in the following year, the monastery was inhabited by three monks.[4] In 2007, the Rmanj Monastery was proclaimed a National Monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[2]

References

  1. ^ Ljiljana Ševo (1998). Monasteries and wooden churches of the Banja Luka eparchy. Glas Srpski. p. 28. and the monastery of Rmanj was renewed by Hassan Pasha Predojevic, as a chair to his brother, the monk Gavrilo Predojevic.
  2. ^ a b c d e Ljiljana Ševo (2007). "Serbian Orthodox monastery of Rmanj". Bosnia and Herzegovina Commission to Preserve National Monuments. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13.
  3. ^ Arthur Evans (1878). Illyrian Letters. London: Longmans, Green, and Co. pp. 38–39.
  4. ^ a b c Radovan Pilipović (2007). Манастир Рмањ у прошлости и садашњости (in Serbian). Pravoslavlje. Archived from the original on 2013-12-10.

External links

This page was last edited on 24 September 2019, at 20:03
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