To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

# Ridit scoring

In econometrics, ridit scoring is a statistical method used to analyze ordered qualitative measurements. The tools of ridit analysis were developed and first applied by Bross,[1] who coined the term "ridit" by analogy with other statistical transformations such as probit and logit.

## Calculation of ridit scores

### Choosing a reference data set

Since ridit scoring is used to compare two or more sets of ordered qualitative data, one set is designated as a reference against which other sets can be compared. In econometric studies, for example, the ridit scores measuring taste survey answers of a competing or historically important product are often used as the reference data set against which taste surveys of new products are compared. Absent a convenient reference data set, an accumulation of pooled data from several sets or even an artificial or hypothetical set can be used.

### Determining the probability function

After a reference data set has been chosen, the reference data set must be converted to a probability function. To do this, let x1, x2,..., xn denote the ordered categories of the preference scale. For each j, xj represents a choice or judgment. Then, let the probability function p be defined with respect to the reference data set as

${\displaystyle p_{j}=Prob({x_{j}}).}$

### Determining ridits

The ridit scores, or simply ridits, of the reference data set are then easily calculated as

${\displaystyle w_{j}=0.5p_{j}+\sum _{k

Each of the categories of the reference data set are then associated with a ridit score. More formally, for each ${\displaystyle 1\leq j\leq n}$, the value wj is the ridit score of the choice xj.

## Interpretation and examples

Intuitively, ridit scoring can be understood as a modified notion of percentile. For any j, if xj has a low (close to 0) ridit score, one can conclude that

${\displaystyle \sum _{k

is very small, which is to say that very few respondents have chosen a category "lower" than xj.

## Applications

Ridit scoring has found use primarily in the health sciences (including nursing and epidemiology) and econometric preference studies.[citation needed]

## A mathematical approach

Besides having intuitive appeal, the derivation for ridit scoring can be arrived at with mathematically rigorous methods as well. Brockett and Levine[2] presented a derivation of the above ridit score equations based on several intuitively uncontroversial mathematical postulates.

## Notes

R statistical computing package for Ridit Analysis: https://cran.r-project.org/package=Ridit

1. ^ Bross, Irwin D.J. (1958) "How to Use Ridit Analysis," Biometrics, 14 (1):18-38 JSTOR 2527727
2. ^ Brockett, Patrick L. and Levine, Arnold (1977) "On a Characterization of Ridits," The Annals of Statistics, 5 (6):1245-1248 JSTOR 2958658