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Richard R. Ernst

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Richard Robert Ernst (born 14 August 1933) is a Swiss physical chemist and Nobel Laureate.[2]

Born in Winterthur, Switzerland, Ernst was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1991 for his contributions towards the development of Fourier transform Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy[3] while at Varian Associates, Palo Alto and the subsequent development of multi-dimensional NMR techniques.[4][5][6][7][8] These underpin applications to both to chemistry with NMR spectroscopy and to medicine with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).[1]

Education

Ernst received both his diploma in chemistry in 1957 and his Ph.D. in physical chemistry in 1962[9] from ETH Zurich.[10]

Awards and honours

Richard R. Ernst, UNESCO 2011

Ernst is a foreign fellow of the Estonian Academy of Sciences (elected 2002)[11] and Bangladesh Academy of Sciences.[12] He was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 1993.[1] He was awarded the John Gamble Kirkwood Medal in 1989.[citation needed] The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1991 was awarded to Richard R. Ernst "for his contributions to the development of the methodology of high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy" [13] A strong proponent of Ernst's nomination was the long-time Danish colleague and member of the Nobel Committee Professor Børge Bak.

He holds Honorary Doctorates from the Technical University of Munich and University of Zurich.[citation needed]

Ernst is member of the World Knowledge Dialogue Scientific Board. Ernst was awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize of Columbia University in 1991.[14] He was also awarded the Tadeus Reichstein Medal in 2000[15] and the Order of the Star of Romania in 2004.[16]

The 2009 Bel Air Film Festival featured the world premiere of a documentary film on Ernst Science Plus Dharma Equals Social Responsibility. Produced by Carlo Burton, the film takes place in Ernst's hometown in Switzerland.[17]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Professor Richard Ernst ForMemRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2015-10-11.
  2. ^ Alger, J R (1992). "The 1991 Nobel Prize in chemistry awarded to an MRI investigator". Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 16 (1): 1–2. doi:10.1097/00004728-199201000-00001. PMID 1729287.
  3. ^ Aue, W. P. (1976). "Two-dimensional spectroscopy. Application to nuclear magnetic resonance". The Journal of Chemical Physics. 64 (5): 2229–2246. Bibcode:1976JChPh..64.2229A. doi:10.1063/1.432450. ISSN 0021-9606.
  4. ^ Freeview video interview with Richard Ernst by the Vega Science Trust
  5. ^ Interview with Professor Richard R. Ernst by Joanna Rose, science writer, 8 December 2001.
  6. ^ The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1991
  7. ^ Ernst Autobiography at nobelprize.org
  8. ^ Ernst, Richard, R. "Richard R. Ernst". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved July 18, 2015.
  9. ^ Ernst, Richard R. (1962). Kernresonanz-Spektroskopie mit stochastischen Hochfrequenzfeldern (PhD thesis). Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich. doi:10.3929/ethz-a-000091764.
  10. ^ Prof. Dr. Richard R. Ernst, ETH Zurich Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, http://www.chab.ethz.ch/personen/emeritus/rernst (Retrieved April 18, 2016)
  11. ^ Estonian Academy of Sciences, Membership
  12. ^ List of Fellows of Bangladesh Academy of Sciences Archived 2010-04-15 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1991". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 10 Nov 2015. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1991/>
  14. ^ The Official Site of Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize
  15. ^ "Reichstein Medal | Swiss Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences SAPhS". www.saphw.ch. Retrieved 2017-04-02.
  16. ^ "DECRET 18 16/01/2004 - Portal Legislativ".
  17. ^ "Film Festival Ticker". Archived from the original on 2009-11-11.
This page was last edited on 29 November 2019, at 17:01
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