To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Richard Ferrand

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Richard Ferrand
Richard Ferrand.jpg
Richard Ferrand in 2018
President of the National Assembly
Assumed office
12 September 2018
PresidentEmmanuel Macron
Preceded byFrançois de Rugy
President of the La République En Marche! group in the National Assembly
In office
27 June 2017 – 12 September 2018
Preceded byGroup established
Succeeded byGilles Le Gendre
Minister of Territorial Cohesion
In office
17 May 2017 – 19 June 2017
PresidentEmmanuel Macron
Prime MinisterÉdouard Philippe
Preceded byEmmanuelle Cosse
Succeeded byJacques Mézard
General Secretary of En Marche!
In office
1 October 2016 – 22 June 2017
PresidentEmmanuel Macron
Catherine Barbaroux (Acting)
Preceded byLudovic Chaker
Succeeded byStéphane Roques
Member of the National Assembly
for Finistère's 6th constituency
Assumed office
19 June 2012
Preceded byChristian Ménard
Personal details
Born (1962-07-01) 1 July 1962 (age 58)
Rodez, France
Political partySocialist Party (1980–2017)
La République En Marche! (2016–present)
Alma materToulouse 1 University Capitole
Paris Descartes University

Richard Ferrand (born 1 July 1962) is a French politician of La République En Marche! (LREM) who has been serving as President of the National Assembly since 2018. He has been the member of the National Assembly for Finistère's 6th constituency since 2012.[1] A longtime member of the Socialist Party, he was the General Secretary LREM from October 2016 and became the leader of the party's group of the National Assembly in June 2017.

Early life

Ferrand was born on 1 July 1962 in Rodez, France. Ferrand graduated high school in Bünde, Germany and studied German and Law at Toulouse 1 University Capitole and then Université Paris-Descartes where he became a PS member at the age of 18.

After leaving university, Ferrand worked as a journalist for multiple publications including Center Presse, Auto Moto, Circuler, Vie publique, La Dépêche du Midi[2] and Le Monde.[3] In 1991, Ferrand became the communications advisor for Kofi Yamgnane,[4] the then- secretary of state to the Minister of Social Affairs and Integration.[5]

Early political career

Ferrard joined the Socialist Party (PS) in 1980 and was elected as the councillor in the township of Carhaix-Plouguer in 1998 as his first elected office. In the municipal elections in 2001 and 2008, Ferrand lost in both times, obtaining 31% of the vote in 2008.[6]

In the 2010 regional elections, Ferrard was one of the PS nominees for the Finistère department. He became councillor for the region on 21 March 2010 and has since chaired the socialist and related group.[7]

In 2007, Ferrand ran for Finistère's 6th constituency under the PS banner. He lost to Christian Ménard who achieved 50.19% of the vote.[8] In 2012, Ferrand ran in the same constituency for PS where he got 32.2% of the vote in the first round and then 58.3% of the vote in the second round.[9]

National Assembly

In the National Assembly, Ferrand was a member of the SER (Socialist, Ecologist and Republican) group and sits on the Social Affairs Committee. He has never worked in the agricultural or agri-food sector, but is co-chairman of the agricultural and agro-food industries group. He particularly involves himself in social issues and the use of cheaper labour than currently available.[citation needed]

While on the Social Affairs Committee, Ferrand was an EU-appointed rapporteur on resolutions around workers and the use of cheaper European labor.[10] In his report, he stated that European workers feel detached due to the lack of social cohesion and the use of cheaper labour to replace them. He advocates measures to limit the replacement of workers.

Despite Ferrand's opposition to the Bonnets Rouges movement against the eco-tax, which was started by the Fillon government and further expanded upon by the Ayrault government,[11] he took a stand against the expansions, saying they underline the complexity of the tax system. He supports amendments to the eco-tax. After there was a postponement of the eco-tax, Ferrand and other Breton politicians asked Minister of Energy, Ségolène Royal to rethink the tax plan.[12]

On 3 October 2014, the Prime Minister Manuel Valls appointed Ferrard along with the minister of economy, Emmanuel Macron to work on a plan to reform regulations based around labour. He was tasked with looking at the "legal framework that restricts labour from developing" while paying attention to the different situations from many different regions.[13] After consulting many trade unions, experts and other associations, he submitted the report that stresses that reforming the regulated labor market is needed but "reform, don't break, this includes twenty-eight proposals that are aimed particularly at promoting young people's access to the job market."[14]

This reform was eventually put to the National Assembly where it was amended by the members of the assembly which resulted in the "Act for Growth, Activity and Equal Opportunity" or the Macron law [fr] which was lobbied against by unions and other organizations.[15]

Ferrand was then appointed as the general rapporteur, one of the biggest reforms within the first five years of President Hollande's term with over 300 articles and sectors such as: transport, savings, labor courts, housings and qualified professions being reformed. More than one hundred and eleven hours went into debate in the National Assembly over the reform. The text was eventually adopted including measures that were originally not there but added during parliamentary debate such as: Letting commercial stores open on Sundays, liberalization of transport services and encouraging qualified professions to allow young people into the profession.[citation needed]

General Secretary of En Marche!

On 16 October 2016, Ferrand was appointed General Secretary of En Marche! by Emmanuel Macron, someone he worked with closely when he was the minister for Economy.[16] The following month, he resigned from leading the PS group in the regional council for Finistère,[17] and confirmed that he quit the PS on 9 May 2017.[18]

Leader of the REM group in the National Assembly

On 24 June 2017, it was announced that Ferrand was officially elected leader of La République En Marche! group in the National Assembly with 306 votes and 2 abstentions.[19]

Since November 2017, Ferrand has been part of LREM's executive board under the leadership of the party's successive chairmen Christophe Castaner and Stanislas Guerini.[20]


  1. ^ "M. Richard Ferrand". National Assembly. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  2. ^ Le Canard enchaîné, 10 mai 2017, p. 7.
  3. ^ "10 choses à savoir sur Richard Ferrand, le bras droit d'Emmanuel Macron". L'Obs (in French). Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Finistère. Richard Ferrand vu par son mentor Kofi Yamgnane". (in French). Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  5. ^ "VIDEO. Gouvernement: Qui est Richard Ferrand, ministre de la Cohésion des territoires?". (in French). Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  6. ^ l'Intérieur, Ministère de. "Résultats des élections municipales 2008" (in French). Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Élections régionales. Les socialistes victorieux dans le Finistère". (in French). Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  8. ^ l'Intérieur, Ministère de. "Résultats des élections législatives 2007" (in French). Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  9. ^ nationale, Assemblée. "Finistère - 6e circonscription - Résultats". (in French). Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  10. ^ "N° 1175 - Rapport de M. Richard Ferrand sur la proposition de résolution européenne de M. Gilles Savary, Mme Chantal Guittet et M. Michel Piron, rapporteur de la commission des affaires européennes sur la proposition de directive relative à l'exécution de la directive sur le détachement de travailleurs (n°1088)". Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Je partage la position de Pierre Maille, Président du Conseil général du Finistère – Richard Ferrand". (in French). Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  12. ^ "Écotaxe. Des députés PS bretons demandent une mise à plat du dispositif". Le Telegramme (in French). Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  13. ^ "Lettre Mission" (PDF).
  14. ^ "Remise du rapport sur les professions réglementées". Le portail des ministères économiques et financiers (in French). Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  15. ^ Bissuel, Bertrand (28 January 2015). "Le lobbying " sans précédent " des notaires contre la loi Macron". Le (in French). ISSN 1950-6244. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  16. ^ Pietralunga, Cédric (26 October 2016). "Emmanuel Macron nomme ses " ambassadeurs "". Le (in French). ISSN 1950-6244. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  17. ^, Wikiwix's cache Archived from the original on 26 November 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2017. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ Ludwig Gallet (9 May 2017). "Législatives: Richard Ferrand, secrétaire général d'En Marche, a quitté le PS". L'Express. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  19. ^ "Ferrand to lead Macron's lawmakers in French parliament". 24 June 2017.
  20. ^ Le Conseil de La République En Marche ! La République En Marche!, press release of 16 October 2017.

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Ludovic Chaker
General Secretary of En Marche!
Succeeded by
Stéphane Roques
Political offices
Preceded by
Emmanuelle Cosse
Minister of Territorial Cohesion
Succeeded by
Jacques Mézard
Preceded by
François de Rugy
President of the National Assembly
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Gérard Larcher
as President of the Senate
Order of precedence of France
as President of the National Assembly
Succeeded by
Nicolas Sarkozy
as former President of the Republic
This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 20:50
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.