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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Richard Cutts
Richard Cutts - Gilbert Stuart.png
Portrait by Gilbert Stuart
Second Comptroller of the United States Treasury
In office
March 6, 1817 – March 21, 1829
Preceded byNone (position created)
Succeeded byIsaac Hill
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 14th district
In office
March 4, 1801 – March 3, 1813
Preceded byGeorge Thatcher
Succeeded byCyrus King
Personal details
Born(1771-06-28)June 28, 1771
Pepperellborough, Massachusetts Bay, British America (now Saco, Maine)
DiedApril 7, 1845(1845-04-07) (aged 73)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
Spouse(s)Anna Payne (m. 1804-1832, her death)
RelationsJames Madison (brother-in-law)
Dolley Madison (sister-in-law)
James M. Cutts (grandson)
Adèle Cutts Douglas (granddaughter)
Children7 (including Mary Cutts)
Alma materHarvard University
OccupationMerchant
Signature

Richard Cutts (June 28, 1771 – April 7, 1845) was an American merchant and politician. A Democratic-Republican, he was most notable for his service as Second Comptroller of the United States Treasury from 1817 to 1829 and a United States representative from Massachusetts from 1801 to 1813.

Early life

Cutts was born Cutts Island on June 28, 1771.[1] The island was near the town of Pepperellborough in Massachusetts Bay's Province of Maine (modern-day Saco, Maine).[1] The fifth of eight children born to Thomas Cutts and Elizabeth Scammon Cutts,[2] he attended the rural schools of Maine and Phillips Academy, Andover.[3] He graduated from Harvard University in 1790, then traveled extensively in Europe.[1] Cutts' father was a shipbuilder and merchant who traded in lumber and other cargoes at ports in several Caribbean islands.[4] Cutts studied law, but rather than pursuing a legal career, he also became a successful trader and merchant.[5]

Political career

A Democratic-Republican, Cutts served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1799 and 1800.[1] In 1800 he was elected to the Seventh U.S. Congress.[1] He was reelected five times and served from March 4, 1801, to March 3, 1813.[1] He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1812 to the Thirteenth Congress.[1]

During the War of 1812, Cutts was appointed as the federal superintendent general of military supplies, and he served from 1813 to 1817.[1] In 1817, he was appointed Second Comptroller of the Treasury, the first individual to hold this post.[6] He served until March 21, 1829, and was succeeded by Isaac Hill.[6]

Slavery

Cutts was a slave owner.[7]

Death and burial

In retirement, Cutts was a resident of Washington, D.C.[8] He died in Washington on April 7, 1845.[8] Cutts was buried at St. John's Graveyard, and in 1857 he was reinterred at Oak Hill Cemetery.[8]

Family

In 1804, Cutts married Anna Payne, whose sister Dolley Madison was the wife of Secretary of State (and later, President) James Madison.[1] They were the parents of seven children, five sons and two daughters:[9]

  • James Madison (1805–1863)
  • Thomas (1806–1838)
  • Walter Coles (b. 1808, d. after 1833)
  • Richard (1810–1815)
  • Dorthea (Dolley) Payne Madison (1811–1838)
  • Mary Estelle Elizabeth (1814–1856)
  • Richard Dominicus (1817–1883)

Cutts' daughter Mary was close to Dolley Madison and wrote two memoirs about her.[10] Cutts' grandson James M. Cutts was a member of the Union Army during the American Civil War and a recipient of the Medal of Honor.[11] His granddaughter Adèle Cutts Douglas was the second wife of Senator Stephen A. Douglas.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i New England Historic, Genealogical Society (July 1848). "Obituary, Richard Cutts". The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. Boston, MA: Samuel G. Drake. pp. 277–278 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Howard, Cecil Hampden Cutts (1892). Genealogy of the Cutts Family in America. Albany, NY: Joel Munsell's Sons. pp. 44–45 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Carpenter, Charles C. (1903). Biographical Catalogue of the Trustees, Teachers and Students of Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., 1778-1830. Andover, MA: Andover Press. p. 29 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ Caldwell, Bill. Rivers of Fortune. Camden, ME: Down East Books. pp. 145–146. ISBN 978-1-4617-4545-7 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ Lossing, Benson John, ed. (1872). The American Historical Record. Vol. I. Philadelphia, PA: Chase & Town. p. 35 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ a b Gilkeson, Benjamin F.; Kern, Josiah Quincy (1893). Digest of Decisions of the Second Comptroller of the Treasury. Vol. III. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office. p. 410 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ Weil, Julie Zauzmer (February 20, 2022). "Post readers help identify enslavers in Congress". The Washington Post. pp. C1, C6. Retrieved February 20, 2022. David B. Mattern, a historian who lives inCharlottesville, said he spent more than 30 years editing the papers of James Madison, one of 12 American presidents who enslaved people. He pointed The Post toward a letter from Madison’s wife, Dolley, to her sister Anna, in which Dolley complained about her enslaved maid and asked about Anna’s. “I would buy a maid but good ones are rare & as high as 8 & 900$— I should like to know what you gave for yours,” Dolley wrote. Along with an 1820 census that a Post journalist found, Madison’s letter helped demonstrate that Anna and her husband, Rep. Richard Cutts of Massachusetts, were slaveowners, adding Cutts to the database.
  8. ^ a b c U.S. Congress Joint Committee on Printing (1928). Biographical Directory of the American Congress. 1774-1927. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office. p. 874 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ Clark, Allen Culling (1914). Life and Letters of Dolly Madison. Washington, DC: W. F. Roberts Company. p. 501 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ Leibiger, Stuart (2014). "The Queen of America: Mary Cutts's Life of Dolley Madison. Edited by Catherine Allgor . Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2012. 240 pp". Presidential Studies Quarterly. 44 (2): 376–377. doi:10.1111/psq.12125. ISSN 1741-5705.
  11. ^ "Union Veteran Dead: Col. J. Madison Cutts a Victim of Disease". The Evening Star. Washington, DC. February 25, 1903 – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ James, Edward T., ed. (1971). Notable American Women, 1607-1950: A Biographical Dictionary. Vol. I. Cambridge, MA: Radcliffe College. pp. 509–510. ISBN 978-0-674-62734-5 – via Google Books.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 14th congressional district

1801–1813
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 8 July 2022, at 04:47
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