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Rhythm on the Range

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rhythm on the Range
Rhythm on the Range Poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byNorman Taurog
Screenplay by
Story byMervin J. Houser
Produced byBenjamin Glazer
Starring
CinematographyKarl Struss
Edited byEllsworth Hoagland
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release date
  • July 1, 1936 (1936-07-01)
Running time
87 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish

Rhythm on the Range is a 1936 American Western musical film directed by Norman Taurog and starring Bing Crosby, Frances Farmer, and Bob Burns. Based on a story by Mervin J. Houser, the film is about a cowboy who meets a beautiful young woman while returning from a rodeo in the east, and invites her to stay at his California ranch to experience his simple, honest way of life.[1][2] Rhythm on the Range was Crosby's only Western film (apart from the remake Stagecoach, 1966) and introduced two western songs, "Empty Saddles" by Billy Hill and "I'm an Old Cowhand from the Rio Grande" by Johnny Mercer, the latter becoming a national hit song for Crosby.[3] The film played a role in familiarizing its audience with the singing cowboy and Western music on a national level.[4]

Plot

Doris Halliday (Frances Farmer), the daughter of a wealthy New York banker, is engaged to wed a rich man she doesn't love. Her outspoken aunt, Penelope Ryland (Lucile Gleason), an Arizona rancher, objects to their marriage, claiming people should only marry for love. Doris sees her point and runs away the night before the wedding. She hides out in a boxcar occupied by traveling cowboy Jeff Larabee (Bing Crosby) and his prize bull, Cuddles. Jeff and Doris take an immediate dislike to one another. Despite a few romantic moments, they fight all night as the train carries them west. The next day, Doris is left behind at a stop when Cuddles attacks her. Jeff jumps the train to save her, so he's stranded too. They decide to part ways, but later Doris steals a car and gives Jeff a lift to his Arizona ranch house.

Meanwhile, Penelope and her employee/cowboy Buck (Bob Burns), Jeff's best friend, try to locate Doris, who is reported missing. Doris' father has even offered a $5,000 reward for his daughter's safe return. Buck and Penelope take a train west. While traveling, Buck encounters Emma Mazda (Martha Raye), an aggressive young woman who is immediately attracted and flirts with him. Buck isn't interested, but they get along anyway. Having reached Arizona, Jeff and Doris arrive at his ranch house. While there, they hook up with Buck and Emma, who are now engaged. Buck suggests a double wedding, prodding Jeff to propose to Doris as well, but he is reluctant. And the moment they do fall in love, they are located by Penelope, who sizes up the situation and accuses Jeff of being a male gold digger. Offended and unaware of Doris's financial position, Jeff walks away. But Doris follows him, re-affirms her love, and that's all it takes. They vow to marry.

Cast

Production

Filming locations

Soundtrack

Bing Crosby recorded some of the songs for Decca Records.[10] "I'm an Old Cowhand", "I Can't Escape from You" and "Empty Saddles" all enjoyed top 10 chart successes.[11] Crosby's songs were included in the Bing's Hollywood series.

Reception

Frank S. Nugent, writing in The New York Times, commented:

"Bing Crosby rides a broncho, milks a wild cow, croons a lullaby to a 2,200-pound Hereford bull and has a box-car romance with a runaway heiress in his new picture at the Paramount. All of which may be interesting and amusing—in fact, it is—but we prefer to think of Rhythm on the Range as our screen introduction to Martha Raye."[12]

Variety's reviewer thought:

"despite the title, the costumes and the characters, this is no western. There's very little range, but plenty of rhythm, and the latter makes it pleasant entertainment. Bing Crosby shoots par on singing and light comedy but, because of story handicap, he might have had some tough going minus the aid of a pair of new faces (Raye and Bob Burns), clicking on their first picture attempt ... Best musical sequence, and bringing the picture to a corking climax is a jam fest in the ranch house with Crosby and Miss Raye singing and truckin' to "If You Can't Sing It, You'll Have To Swing It" (Sam Coslow) and "I'm An Old Cowhand" (Johnny Mercer). Miss Raye gets in her hottest licks here. There's also some heated trumpeting by Louis Prima at this time."[13]

Los Angeles Evening Herald Express

"Given a good story at last and the best support that has fallen his way in a long time, Bing Crosby hits his stride again in Rhythm on the Range, the new picture at the Paramount."[14]

Writing for The Spectator in 1936, Graham Greene gave the film a mixed review. Observing that Crosby's character spent the majority of the film nostalgically mourning "Empty saddles in the old corral" which "by its nature [should have been portrayed as] a private emotion", Greene found Crosby's portrayal to "represent permanent, if disagreeable, human characteristics of nostalgia and self-pity". Nevertheless he summarized the film as "quite a tolerable picture with a few scenes which do deserve to be called popular cinema". Greene also praised Burns' acting as "excellent".[15]

In his book, Singing in the Saddle, Douglas B. Green summarized Bing Crosby's impact on western music and the national interest in singing cowboys and the West during the 1930s.

Though born in the West, Harry Lillis Crosby (1903–1977) was anything but a cowboy. Yet he was one of the most influential performers in the style, for while earnest and sincere Gene Autry was appealing to middle and rural America, the ultrahot Crosby roped in the sophisticates with his frequent performances of western songs on film, on record, and especially on radio, where he was a national sensation. Though Crosby could deliver a western song with sincerity—he introduced "Empty Saddles" in Rhythm on the Range and had the true national hit recording of "Home on the Range"—he was at his best when mocking himself. Urbane and hip, he was no cowboy and he knew it, and when he poked fun at his image in a song like "I'm an Old Cowhand (from the Rio Grande)", he was at his most charming. Urbanites appreciated his cool irony and distancing, and yet while they smirked they could still enjoy the kitschy glamour of the West and the singing cowboy. Although Crosby attracted an audience entirely different from Autry's, both singers contributed enormously to the interest in cowboys, the West, and western music that permeated the country in the middle 1930s. Though the broad scope of Crosby's career extends far beyond western music, it is important to acknowledge his impact on the sudden and sustained interest in the singing cowboy during the formative years of the genre. Rhythm on the Range was a big-budget film and exemplified more than any other easily discerned landmark the embrace of the singing cowboy by Hollywood and by popular culture.[16]

Remake

The film was remade as Pardners (1956), starring Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis.[17]

References

Citations
  1. ^ "Rhythm on the Range". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
  2. ^ Bookbinder 1977, pp. 77–79.
  3. ^ Green 2002, p. 71.
  4. ^ Green 2002, p. 156.
  5. ^ "Full cast and crew for Rhythm on the Range". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
  6. ^ Bookbinder 1977, p. 77.
  7. ^ "Locations for Rhythm on the Range". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
  8. ^ "Soundtracks for Rhythm on the Range". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
  9. ^ Reynolds, Fred (1986). Road to Hollywood. John Joyce. p. 79.
  10. ^ "A Bing Crosby Discography". A Bing Crosby Discography. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  11. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1986). Pop Memories 1890-1954. Wisconsin, USA: Record Research Inc. p. 105. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.
  12. ^ Nugent, Frank S. (July 30, 1936). "The New York Times". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  13. ^ "Variety". August 5, 1936. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  14. ^ "Los Angeles Evening Herald Express". July 31, 1936. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  15. ^ Greene, Graham (August 14, 1936). "Rhythm on the Range". The Spectator. (reprinted in: Taylor, John Russell, ed. (1980). The Pleasure Dome. pp. 93–94. ISBN 0192812866.)
  16. ^ Green 2002, p. 156.
  17. ^ "Rhythm on the Range". IMDB. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 22 October 2021, at 20:17
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