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Rhenium trioxide

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rhenium trioxide
Names
IUPAC name
Rhenium trioxide
Other names
Rhenia
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.013.845
EC Number
  • 215-228-8
Properties
ReO3
Molar mass 234.205 g/mol
Appearance Deep red crystals
Density 6.92 g/cm3
Melting point 400 °C (752 °F; 673 K) (decomposes)
+16.0·10−6 cm3/mol
1.68
Structure
Cubic, cP4
Pm3m, SpaceGroup = 221
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is ☑Y☒N ?)
Infobox references
Rhenium-trioxide-3D-vdW.png
ReO3 polyhedra
ReO3 polyhedra

Rhenium trioxide or rhenium(VI) oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula ReO3. It is a red solid with a metallic lustre, which resembles copper in appearance. It is the only stable trioxide of the Group 7 elements (Mn, Tc, Re).

Preparation, structure

Rhenium trioxide can be formed by reducing rhenium(VII) oxide with carbon monoxide. [1]

Re2O7 + CO → 2 ReO3 + CO2

Re2O7 can also be reduced with dioxane.[2]


Rhenium oxide crystallizes with a primitive cubic unit cell, with a lattice parameter of 3.742 Å (374.2 pm). The structure of ReO3 is similar to that of perovskite (ABO3), without the large A cation at the centre of the unit cell. Each rhenium center is surrounded by an octahedron defined by six oxygen centers. These octahedra share corners to form the 3-dimensional structure. The coordination number of O is 2 because each oxygen atom has 2 neighbouring Re atoms.[3]

Properties

Upon heating to 400 °C under vacuum, it undergoes disproportionation:[2]

3 ReO3 → Re2O7 + ReO2

ReO3 is unusual for an oxide because it exhibits very low resistivity. It behaves like a metal in that its resistivity decreases as its temperature decreases. At 300 K, its resistivity is 100.0 nΩ·m, whereas at 100 K, this decreases to 6.0 nΩ·m, 17 times less than at 300 K.[3]

Uses

Hydrogenation Catalyst

Rhenium trioxide finds some use in organic synthesis as a catalyst for amide reduction.[4]

References

  1. ^ H. Nechamkin, C. F. Hiskey, "Rhenium(VI): Oxide (Rhenium Trioxide)" Inorganic Syntheses, 1950 Volume 3, pp. 186-188. doi:10.1002/9780470132340.ch49
  2. ^ a b G. Glemser "Rhenium (VI) Oxide" Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY. Vol. 2. p. 1482.
  3. ^ a b Greenwood, Norman  N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-08-037941-8., p. 1047.
  4. ^ Nishimura, Shigeo (2001). Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalytic Hydrogenation for Organic Synthesis (1st ed.). Newyork: Wiley-Interscience. p. 408. ISBN 9780471396987.
This page was last edited on 18 February 2017, at 08:13
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