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Representation of Natives Act, 1936

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Representation of Natives Act, 1936
Coat of arms of South Africa (1932–2000).svg
Parliament of South Africa
CitationAct No. 12 of 1936
Enacted byParliament of South Africa
Royal assent20 April 1936
Commenced10 July 1936
Repealed19 June 1959
Administered byMinister of Native Affairs
Repealed by
Promotion of Bantu Self-government Act, 1959
Related legislation
Separate Representation of Voters Act, 1951
Status: Repealed

The Representation of Natives Act No 12 of 1936 (commenced 10 July) was legislation passed in South Africa which further reduced black rights at the time.[1] The Cape province had a qualified franchise which had allowed a small number of blacks in the Cape to vote for the common roll (although not to sit in parliament) in terms of the Cape Qualified Franchise. The qualified franchise dated back to the pre-Union period, when the Cape was a separate British colony; it also excluded poorer white men. The 1936 Act removed blacks to a separate roll – and halted the right to run for office; other earlier legislation removed the qualifications imposed in the Cape on whites.[2]

With this act, the small black elite - most blacks never had the vote - were removed from the common rolls on which they had been able to register since 1854. Chiefs, local councils, urban advisory boards and election committees in all provinces were to elect four whites to the senate by a system of block voting. The act also created a Native Representative Council of six white officials, four nominated and twelve elected Africans.[3]

Repeal

This Act was repealed on 19 June 1959 by the Promotion of Bantu Self-government Act, 1959.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Ian Loveland (1999). By Due Process of Law: Racial Discrimination and the Right to Vote in South Africa 1855-1960. Hart Publishing. pp. 197–202. ISBN 978-0-313-29879-0.
  2. ^ http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/representation-natives-act-passed
  3. ^ https://www.nelsonmandela.org/omalley/index.php/site/q/03lv01538/04lv01646/05lv01783.htm
  4. ^ Promotion of Bantu Self-governing Act, Act No. 46 of 1959 http://www.aluka.org/stable/10.5555/al.sff.document.leg19590619.028.020.046

External links


This page was last edited on 26 September 2020, at 03:34
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