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Renshaw Street Unitarian Chapel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pulpit at Renshaw Street Unitarian Chapel, Liverpool, constructed in 1811.
Pulpit at Renshaw Street Unitarian Chapel, Liverpool, constructed in 1811.

Renshaw Street Unitarian Chapel was a Unitarian place of worship in Mount Pleasant, Liverpool, England. It operated from 1811 until the 1890s and was particularly well frequented by ship-owning and mercantile families, who formed a close network of familial and business alliances.

History

Renshaw Street Unitarian Chapel had its origins in a Presbyterian community at Toxteth Park that was at one time ministered by Richard Mather.[1] That began around 1687 at Castle Hey and moved to Benn's Gardens in 1727.[2]

The Benn's Gardens premises became a place of worship for Welsh Wesleyan Methodists[3] when the new Unitarian chapel was built at Renshaw Street in 1811. The new chapel had a congregation that included numerous significant local business families, such as the Booths, Brunners, Gairs, Gaskells, Hollands, Jevons, Jones, Holts, Lamports, Mellys, Rathbones, Tates and Thornelys.[4][5] It has been described as "the meeting house for a tightly-knit network of Unitarian ship owners and merchants who frequently formed alliances by marriage, met socially, invested in one another's ventures, shared or exchanged practical skills, embarked on philanthropic (especially educational) schemes, and engaged fully in the politics of reform".[6]

Historian Susan Pedersen notes that "politically as progressive as such families might be, they were intensely socially exclusive". Land for a new chapel was purchased in 1895[2] and congregation moved to the new Ullet Road Unitarian Church, near Sefton Park, in 1899,[7] mirroring a general move of the mercantile classes away from the city centre and towards its more salubrious peripheries. Many members built new houses in the area.[8]

The Renshaw Street site is now occupied by Grand Central Hall. The chapel graveyard remains as a garden and a monument commemorates the previous use.[9][10] The burial ground had been closed under the provisions of sanitary regulations but Thomas Thornely, who died in 1862, was successful in his appeal to the prime minister, Lord Palmerston, to permit, under strict conditions, the burial of people closely related to those already interred. Palmerston himself had been potentially excluded from interment in a family vault elsewhere under the same regulations.[11]

Notable ministers

Notable congregants

See also

References

  1. ^ Chapple, John (1997). Elizabeth Gaskell: The Early Years. Manchester University Press. p. 392. ISBN 978-0-71902-550-1.
  2. ^ a b Evans, George Eyre (1897). Vestiges of Protestant Dissent. Liverpool: F. & E. Gibbons. pp. 135–138.
  3. ^ Picton, James Allanson (1875). Memorials of Liverpool. 2 (2 ed.). Longmans, Green & Co. p. 98.
  4. ^ John, A. H. (2013). A Liverpool Merchant House: Being the History of Alfred Booth & Co. 1863-1959. Routledge. pp. 19–20. ISBN 978-1-13660-519-2.
  5. ^ Marsden, Ben; Smith, Crosbie (2004). Engineering Empires: A Cultural History of Technology in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Springer. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-23050-412-7.
  6. ^ a b c Smith, Crosbie; Higginson, Ian; Wolstenholme, Phillip (2003). ""Imitations of God's Own Works": Making Trustworthy the Ocean Steamship". History of Science. 41: 379–426.
  7. ^ Jevons, William Stanley (1973). Black, R. D. Collison (ed.). Papers and Correspondence of William Stanley Jevons: Correspondence, 1850-1862. 2. Macmillan. p. 128. ISBN 978-1-34900-714-1.
  8. ^ Pedersen, Susan (2004). Eleanor Rathbone and the Politics of Conscience. Yale University Press. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-30010-245-1.
  9. ^ "Ullet Road Unitarian Church". Retrieved 2017-02-10.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Monument, in garden above Upper Newington, Liverpool (1208379)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2017-02-10.
  11. ^ "Memoir of the late Thomas Thornely, Esq". Christian Reformer. XVIII (CCX): 361–384. June 1862.
  12. ^ Gordon, Alexander (2004). "Beard, Charles (1827–1888), Unitarian minister, scholar, and journal editor". Webb, R. K. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2017-02-10. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  13. ^ Chapple, John; Shelston, Alan, eds. (2004). Further Letters of Mrs. Gaskell. Manchester University Press. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-71906-771-6.
  14. ^ a b Chapple, John (1997). Elizabeth Gaskell: The Early Years. Manchester University Press. p. 393. ISBN 978-0-71902-550-1.
  15. ^ "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online". University of Toronto. Retrieved 2017-02-10.
  16. ^ Rushton, Alan (2005). "Jacks, Lawrence Pearsall". In Brown, Stuart (ed.). The Dictionary Of Twentieth-Century British Philosophers. Thoemmes Continuum. pp. 472–3. ISBN 1-84371-096-X.
  17. ^ Melville, Herman (1968). Hayford, Harrison (ed.). The writings of Herman Melville, Volume 15. Northwestern University Press. p. 388. ISBN 978-0-81010-822-6.
  18. ^ Koss, Stephen E. (1970). Sir John Brunner: Radical Plutocrat 1842-1919. London: Cambridge University Press. p. 7. ISBN 0-521-07906-3.
  19. ^ Sharples, Joseph (2007). "Secular Gothic Revival Architecture". In Costambeys, Marios; Hamer, Andrew; Heale, Martin (eds.). The Making of the Middle Ages: Liverpool Essays. Liverpool University Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-1-84631-068-3.
  20. ^ Chapple, John (1997). Elizabeth Gaskell: The Early Years. Manchester University Press. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-71902-550-1.
  21. ^ Leggett, Don (2016). Dunn, Richard (ed.). Re-inventing the Ship: Science, Technology and the Maritime World, 1800-1918. Routledge. pp. 72–73. ISBN 978-1-31706-837-2.
  22. ^ Marsden, Ben; Smith, Crosbie (2004). Engineering Empires: A Cultural History of Technology in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Springer. pp. 120, 123. ISBN 978-0-23050-412-7.
  23. ^ John, A. H. (2013). A Liverpool Merchant House: Being the History of Alfred Booth & Co. 1863-1959. Routledge. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-13660-519-2.
  24. ^ Pedersen, Susan (2004). Eleanor Rathbone and the Politics of Conscience. Yale University Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-30010-245-1.
  25. ^ Bullard, Melissa Merriam (2016). "Roscoe's Renaissance in America". In Fletcher, Stella (ed.). Roscoe and Italy: The Reception of Italian Renaissance History and Culture in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Routledge. p. 221. ISBN 978-1-31706-121-2.
  26. ^ Kelley, Thomas; Whelan, R. F. (1981). For Advancement of Learning: The University of Liverpool, 1881-1981. Liverpool University Press. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-85323-304-6.
  27. ^ Bebbington, D. W. (April 2009). "Unitarian Members of Parliament in the Nineteenth Century — A Catalogue" (PDF). Transactions of the Unitarian Historical Society. 24 (3): 49–50.
  28. ^ Bebbington, D. W. (April 2009). "Unitarian Members of Parliament in the Nineteenth Century — A Catalogue" (PDF). Transactions of the Unitarian Historical Society. 24 (3): 54.

Further reading

  • Evans, George Eyre (1887). A history of Renshaw Street Chapel and its institutions with some account of the former chapels in Castle Hey and Benn’s Garden, Liverpool. London: C. Green and Son.
  • Holt, Anne Durning (1938). Walking together: a study in Liverpool nonconformity 1688-1938. London: George Allen & Unwin.

This page was last edited on 18 January 2020, at 13:38
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