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Renault Trafic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Renault Trafic
2018 Renault Trafic SL27 Business+ Energy 1.6 Front.jpg
Body and chassis
ClassLight commercial vehicle (M)
Body styleVan
Pickup truck
LayoutFF layout
(FR layout and 4x4 available for the 1st generation model)
PredecessorRenault Estafette

The Renault Trafic is a light commercial van produced by the French automaker Renault since 1980. It is also currently marketed as the Fiat Talento, the Nissan NV300 and, until the model year of 2018, as the Opel/Vauxhall Vivaro. Up until the model year of 2016, the Trafic was also sold as the Nissan Primastar.

Previous versions of the Renault Trafic have been sold in Malaysia by Inokom, and the original generation is now sold in India by Tata Motors.

Vauxhall confirmed that the next generation Vivaro would be produced at the GM Manufacturing Luton plant starting in 2013.[1] However, following the takeover of Opel/Vauxhall by Groupe PSA, the Trafic-based Vivaro will go out of production in 2018, to be replaced by the next generation Vivaro based on the EMP2 Platform for the 2019 model year.

First generation (1980–2001)

First generation
Renault trafic jaslo.jpg
Also calledOpel Arena
Vauxhall Arena
Chevrolet Trafic
Chevrolet Space Van
Winnebago LeSharo
Inokom Permas (since 1999)
Tata Winger (since 2007)
1995–2004 (China)[2]
Body and chassis
ClassLight commercial vehicle (M)
Body style4/5-door van
2-door pickup truck
5-door minibus
LayoutFF layout, FR layout, 4x4
RelatedRenault Master
  • 4-speed manual
  • 5-speed manual
PredecessorRenault Estafette
Pre facelift Renault Trafic (rear)
Pre facelift Renault Trafic (rear)

The original Renault Trafic was sold from 1980[4] to 2000, and was somewhat revised and updated during its lifetime.

Originally, the van had some variations in the front end shape depending which engine was fitted, with the original 1397 cc motor fitting behind a flat grille, and the 2.1-liter diesel engine and larger 1647 cc petrol engines requiring an extended plastic grille and deeper bumper.

The 1721 cc OHC engine replaced the 1647 cc OHV unit in the mid 1980s, which fitted under the shorter grille, but required a small lump in the bonnet. The diesel and 2.2 petrol carried on with the extended grille. In late 1984 a four-wheel-drive version was introduced. This was a part-time system coupled with the diesel engine and a five-speed manual transmission. This model operated as a front-wheel-drive until the rear wheels were engaged with a dog clutch, a system similar to the one used by Renault on the R18 4x4.[5]

In May 1989, the Trafic underwent a major front end facelift, with a rounder shape and a plastic bumper, and the new longer body shape covering all varieties of engine. In 1995, the Mk1 Trafic got its final facelift, with new grille, new tail lights, large double rear view mirrors, and a new interior with modern dashboard and multi adjustable seats.

This version was also sold as the Opel Arena from 1997.


The chassis and cab of the 1980s models were used as the base vehicle by Winnebago Industries to build the Winnebago 'LeSharo' from 1983,[6] and Itasca Phasar.

For the chassis and cab version to meet safety and emission requirements in the United States, this version was sold with Renault's J7T: 2165 cc, (2.2 litre) and 2.1 litre diesel and turbo diesel engines, coded as J8S and shared with the 1985 to 1987 AMC/Jeep Cherokee/Commanche.

Note: Jeep versions used the Garrett T2 turbo and Winnebago's, the larger T3. C.A.R.B. granted a series of yearly waivers to Winnebago for the non compliance of fitting On Board Diagnostics (OBD I), and remained in effect throughout the model run from 1983 to 1992.

Campervan Variants

The Mk1 Trafic became popular for professional conversion into budget family motorhomes due to the flexibility of the design and the generous internal space for what was a relatively small van. Popular converters were Auto-Sleepers and Holdsworth (now defunct). Other motorhome builders using the Trafic Mk1 as a base include Hymer, Elddis, Eriba, and Autostar.

Opel Arena

From 1997 to 2000, the Renault Trafic was marketed as the Chevrolet Trafic and Opel Arena (Vauxhall Arena in the United Kingdom).[7]

Tata Winger

In June 2007, Tata Motors announced the introduction of the Winger, a panel van and minibus based on the 1995 to 2001 version of the Renault Trafic, but fitted with Tata's own two litre diesel engines, with or without turbo.[8]

South America

For South America, the vehicle was made in the Argentinian facility at Santa Isabel, Córdoba, for the Mercosur. In Brazil, it was badged as Chevrolet Trafic and later as the Renault Trafic or Chevrolet SpaceVan. A pickup version was sold as the Renault Trafic Rodeo. Production ended in 2002.


Second generation (X83; 2001–2014)

Second generation
Renault Trafic Grand Passenger Black Edition dCi 115 (II, Facelift) – Frontansicht, 1. September 2013, Münster.jpg
Also calledNissan Primastar
Opel Vivaro
Vauxhall Vivaro
AssemblyUnited Kingdom: Luton
Body and chassis
ClassLight commercial vehicle (M)
Body style4-door van/minibus
2-door pickup truck
2.0 I4
1.9 I4
2.0 I4
2.5 I4
6-speed Quickshift
WheelbaseSWB: 3,098 mm (122.0 in)
LWB: 3,498 mm (137.7 in)
LengthSWB: 4,782 mm (188.3 in)
LWB: 5,182 mm (204.0 in)
Regular Pickup: 5,038 mm (198.3 in)
Crew Pickup: 5,438 mm (214.1 in)
Width1,904 mm (75.0 in)
HeightCrew Van: 1,380 mm (54.3 in)
SWB: 2,497 mm (98.3 in) & 2,400 mm (94.5 in)
LWB: 2,800 mm (110.2 in)
Pickup Regular: 1,966 mm (77.4 in)
Pickup Crew: 1,973 mm (77.7 in)

The second Trafic resulted from a joint venture between German Opel, Japanese Nissan, and French Renault. It is also sold as an Opel/Vauxhall Vivaro and Nissan Primastar.

Designed by Renault's corporate design department based within the company's Technocentre outside Paris, the Trafic was developed by the engineering team of Renault's light commercial vehicle unit at Villiers-Saint-Fréderic. Manufactured by GM Manufacturing Luton at its plant in Luton — beside Primastar and the Vivaro — the Trafic was the first Renault vehicle to be built in the United Kingdom in more than thirty years.[9][10]

In an agreement between Renault and Nissan, versions of the van are also manufactured at Nissan's plant in Barcelona, Spain.[11] In particular, high roof versions for Vauxhall, Renault, and Nissan are made in Barcelona because the Luton assembly plant has a low roof which cannot accommodate the extra height of the high roof.

The van exists in several versions, from a three seater with all the rear space available for loads, to a nine seater. Its name is based on the French word for "trade" or "traffic" (depending on the context). The van was designed by Renault in Paris, and both Renault and Opel versions are manufactured by Opel at their plant in Luton.[11] In 2012, production of the Vauxhall Vivaro totalled 36,982 and 16,483 for the Renault Trafic.[12]

A mild facelift in October 2006 had the orange indicators swapped for clear ones, which were more integrated into the headlamp housings. On the Opel model, the indicators moved from the front bumpers, up into the headlamp housings, thus looking more similar to the Renault. Production ended in June 2014.


Nissan Primastar

The Nissan Primastar was also launched in 2001, and is available in panel van, combi, bus, and chassis cab configurations. Two wheelbases and two roof heights are available, as well as three diesel engines and a petrol. In the end of 2014, the last Primastar rolled off the production line. It was replaced by the NV300 in September 2016.


Opel Vivaro A

The Opel Vivaro from the German automaker Opel was launched in September 2001. While the Vivaro is sold as an Opel in most European markets, in the United Kingdom it was sold as a Vauxhall. The Vivaro is primarily manufactured at GM Manufacturing Luton (previously IBC) in Luton, England and by Nissan at their Zona Franca (Barcelona) facility in Spain.

The Vivaro is available in panel van, minibus, combined bus/van, and platform crew cab configurations. Two different wheelbase styles, and two roof height options are also available, as well as three diesel engine power options and a petrol engine.

The vehicle was given a mild facelift in 2006, during which the front indicators were moved from the front bumper, up into the headlight housing and only a 2.0 L four cylinder diesel engine is available in two states of tune; a 90 PS (66 kW; 89 bhp) or 115 PS (85 kW; 113 bhp)[13] mated to a six speed manual or optional automatic transmission.

The Vivaro e Concept debuted September 2010 at the IAA Commercial Vehicle Show in Hanover, Germany.[14] It is plug in hybrid vehicle, with an extended range up to 250 mi (402 km) and includes 21 kWh lithium ion batteries enabling over 60 mi (97 km) of pure electric driving range.[15][16]



Petrol engines
Model Engine type Power Torque
2.0 1,997 cc (122 cu in) I4 NA 120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) 190 N⋅m (140 lb⋅ft)
Diesel engines
Model Engine type Power Torque
1.9 dCi 1,870 cc (114 cu in) I4 turbo 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) 190 N⋅m (140 lb⋅ft)
1.9 dCi 1,870 cc (114 cu in) I4 turbo 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft)
2.0 dCi 1,995 cc (122 cu in) I4 turbo 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) 242 N⋅m (178 lb⋅ft)
2.0 dCi 1,995 cc (122 cu in) I4 turbo 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) 290 N⋅m (214 lb⋅ft)
2.5 dCi 2,464 cc (150 cu in) I4 turbo 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) 320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft)

Third generation (X82; 2014–present)

Third generation
Renault Trafic III (2017).jpg
Also calledOpel Vivaro (until 2018)
Vauxhall Vivaro (until 2018)
Fiat Talento
Nissan NV300
Mitsubishi Express
AssemblyFrance: Sandouville (Renault; Nissan; Fiat)
United Kingdom: Luton (Vauxhall; Opel)
Body and chassis
ClassLight commercial vehicle (M)
Body style4-door van/minibus

Renault released a new generation in September 2014. It is again also sold by Opel in Europe. Fiat introduced a new van, called Talento in July 2016 (to replace its Scudo), based on the Renault Traffic.[17] Production was centralised to the Sandouville factory in France for Renault, Nissan and Fiat.

Opel/Vauxhall variants for the United Kingdom and mainland Europe, continue to be manufactured at GM Manufacturing Luton, except for the high roof variants, which are manufactured at Sandouville. This new model drops the previous larger capacity diesel engines, in favour of a 1.6 Energy dCi (Renault)/CDTI (Opel) engine. From 2016, Vauxhall Vivaro models gained a Made In Britain badge at the rear. [18]

Two lower power variants (90 PS and 120 PS) use a variable geometry turbocharger, while the highest output (140 PS) variant employs a twin turbocharger arrangement; other features include variable output water and oil pumps and a maintenance free timing chain.[19]

The Opel/Vauxhall Vivaro went out of production in 2018, as a result of the takeover of Opel/Vauxhall by Groupe PSA; it will be replaced by a new generation Vivaro based on the Citroën Jumpy for the model year of 2019. In November 2018, it was announced that the Mitsubishi Express will be made by Renault, and badged under the brand of Mitsubishi for the market in Australia and New Zealand by 2020.[20]



  1. ^ "Luton immediate future secure as Vauxhall confirms Vivaro build". Just Auto. 24 March 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
  2. ^ "Spotted In China: Sanjiang Renault Trafic Times Two -". 1 December 2016. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  3. ^ Walker, Alan (September 1982). Kennett, Pat (ed.). "The great European retreat". TRUCK. London, UK: FF Publishing Ltd: 37.
  4. ^ "Sandouville: new plant, New Trafic and 50 years of excellence". Retrieved 18 August 2019.
  5. ^ Verhelle, Tony (7 February 1985). "63e salon voor bedrijfsvoertuigen: Geen schokkende dingen" [The 63rd commercial vehicle exhibition: Nothing shocking]. De AutoGids (in Flemish). Brussels, Belgium: Uitgeverij Auto-Magazine. 6 (140): 18.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  6. ^ "Curbside Classic: 1985 Winnebago". Truth about cars. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  7. ^ "Opel History" (PDF). General Motors. 1 December 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2007. Retrieved 24 September 2011. 1997: With the Arena, Opel reenters the commercial vehicle market segment.
  8. ^ "Tata Motors says holding margins a challenge". Reuters. 18 June 2007.
  9. ^ "New Renault Trafic voted International Van of the Year 2002". Renault. 2002. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011.
  10. ^ "History & Heritage". Vauxhall Motors Ltd. Company Profile. General Motors. Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 24 September 2011. GMM Luton Vehicles is also based in Luton. Its Vivaro medium sized van is produced for sale under the Opel/Vauxhall, Nissan and Renault brands.
  11. ^ a b "New Renault Trafic voted International Van of the Year 2002" (Press release). Renault. 1 January 2002. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011.
  12. ^ "Facts and Figures 2012" (PDF). Adam Opel. p. 36. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
  13. ^ "Vauxhall Vivaro: Technical Data". Vauxhall. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
  14. ^ "Visitors: IAA – Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung". Archived from the original on 15 June 2008. Retrieved 2 October 2010.
  15. ^ "Vauxhall reveals range-extended van". 21 September 2010. Retrieved 2 October 2010.
  16. ^ "Discussion about the battery capacity". The Green & Energy Consulting Group. 8 November 2010. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012.
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^ Dallas, James (24 September 2013). "Vivaro production keeps on rolling". WhatVan?. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  20. ^

External links

This page was last edited on 10 January 2020, at 13:04
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