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Regions of the Czech Republic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Regions of the Czech Republic
  • Also known as:
  • Kraje České republiky (Czech)
CZ-cleneni.svg
CategoryUnitary state
LocationCzech Republic
Number13 regions + Prague
Populations283,210 (Karlovy Vary Region) – 1,386,824 (Central Bohemian Region)
Areas3,163 km2 (1,221 sq mi) (Liberec Region) – 10,929 km2 (4,220 sq mi) (Central Bohemian Region)
Government
Subdivisions

Regions of the Czech Republic (Czech: kraj, plural: kraje) are higher-level territorial self-governing units of the Czech Republic. Every region is governed by a regional council, headed by a governor (hejtman). Elections to regional councils take place every four years.

According to the Act no. 129/2000 Coll. ("Law on Regions"), which implements Chapter VII of the Czech Constitution, the Czech Republic is divided into thirteen regions and one capital city with regional status as of 1 January 2000.[1]

History

The first kraje were created in the Kingdom of Bohemia during the reign of Charles IV in the 14th century and they lasted till 1862/68. Kraje were reintroduced in 1949 in Czechoslovakia and still exist today (except for the early 1990s) in its successor states despite many rearrangements.

Competences

Historical lands and current administrative regions
Historical lands and current administrative regions

Rights and obligations of the regions include:[1]

  • Establishment of secondary schools;
  • Responsibility for hospitals and social facilities;
  • Construction and repair of second and third class roads;
  • Organization of integrated transport systems;
  • Ordering of public intermunicipal transport;
  • Protection of the nature;
  • Cooperation in the distribution of EU funds within the NUTS-2 regions;
  • Tasks within the integrated rescue system;
  • Right to propose laws to the Chamber of Deputies and submit complaints to the Constitutional Court.

List of regions

Licence
plate
Region Capital Population
(2022)[2]
Area
(km2)
Pop. density
(/km2)
GDP
(million CZK, 2022)[3]
GDP per
capita
A  Prague 1,275,406 496 2,571 1,572,000 1,190,611
S  Central Bohemian Prague 1,386,824 10,929 127 662,000 484,475
C  South Bohemian České Budějovice 637,047 10,058 63 289,000 438,114
P  Plzeň Plzeň 578,707 7,649 76 285,000 474,310
K  Karlovy Vary Karlovy Vary 283,210 3,310 86 97,000 341,512
U  Ústí nad Labem Ústí nad Labem 798,898 5,339 150 313,000 386,363
L  Liberec Liberec 437,570 3,163 138 189,000 411,399
H  Hradec Králové Hradec Králové 542,583 4,759 114 275,000 479,318
E  Pardubice Pardubice 514,518 4,519 114 213,000 422,684
J  Vysočina Jihlava 504,025 6,796 74 228,000 434,018
B  South Moravian Brno 1,184,568 7,188 165 598,000 505,896
M  Olomouc Olomouc 622,930 5,272 118 268,000 418,525
Z  Zlín Zlín 572,432 3,963 144 276,000 457,361
T  Moravian-Silesian Ostrava 1,177,989 5,427 217 510,000 430,005
CZ  Czech Republic Prague 10,516,707 78,871 136 5,775,000 538,816

Coats of arms

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Zákon č. 129/2000 Sb. o krajích (krajské zřízení)". zakonyprolidi.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 29 April 2022.
  3. ^ Regionální účty
This page was last edited on 25 November 2022, at 01:57
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