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Regions of the Czech Republic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Regions of the Czech Republic
  • Also known as:
  • Kraje České republiky (Czech)
CZ-cleneni.svg
CategoryUnitary state
LocationCzech Republic
Number13 regions + Prague
Populations293,311 (Karlovy Vary Region) – 1,397,997 (Central Bohemian Region)
Areas3,163 km2 (1,221 sq mi) (Liberec Region) – 10,929 km2 (4,220 sq mi) (Central Bohemian Region)
Government
Subdivisions

Regions of the Czech Republic (Czech: kraj, plural: kraje) are higher-level territorial self-governing units of the Czech Republic. Every region is governed by a regional council, headed by a governor (hejtman). Elections to regional councils take place every four years.

According to the Act no. 129/2000 Coll. ("Law on Regions"), which implements Chapter VII of the Czech Constitution, the Czech Republic is divided into thirteen regions and one capital city with regional status as of 1 January 2000.[1]

History

The first kraje were created in the Kingdom of Bohemia during the reign of Charles IV in the 14th century and they lasted till 1862/68. Kraje were reintroduced in 1949 in Czechoslovakia and still exist today (except for the early 1990s) in its successor states despite many rearrangements.

Competences

Historical lands and current administrative regions
Historical lands and current administrative regions

Rights and obligations of the regions include:[1]

  • Establishment of secondary schools;
  • Responsibility for hospitals and social facilities;
  • Construction and repair of second and third class roads;
  • Organization of integrated transport systems;
  • Ordering of public intermunicipal transport;
  • Protection of the nature;
  • Cooperation in the distribution of EU funds within the NUTS-2 regions;
  • Tasks within the integrated rescue system;
  • Right to propose laws to the Chamber of Deputies and submit complaints to the Constitutional Court.

List of regions

Licence plate Region Capital Population
(2021)[2]
Area
(km2)
Population density
(/km2)
GDP
(in million CZK)
GDP per capita
A  Prague n/a 1,335,084 496 2,360 637,704 547,096
S  Central Bohemian Prague 1,397,997 10,929 104 288,888 253,912
C  South Bohemian České Budějovice 643,551 10,058 62 150,970 251,106
P  Plzeň Plzeň 591,041 7,649 73 137,911 216,639
K  Karlovy Vary Karlovy Vary 293,311 3,310 92 65,789 216,639
U  Ústí nad Labem Ústí nad Labem 817,004 5,339 154 188,041 229,146
L  Liberec Liberec 442,476 3,163 135 94,451 229,146
H  Hradec Králové Hradec Králové 550,803 4,759 115 133,767 244,549
E  Pardubice Pardubice 522,856 4,519 112 116,639 230,880
J  Vysočina Jihlava 508,852 6,796 75 121,318 234,530
B  South Moravian Brno 1,195,327 7,188 159 285,855 254,684
M  Olomouc Olomouc 630,522 5,272 123 134,376 211,467
Z  Zlín Zlín 580,119 3,963 149 131,789 222,885
T  Moravian-Silesian Ostrava 1,192,834 5,427 227 280,210 222,638
CZ  Czech Republic Prague 10,701,777 78,871 136 2,767,717 271,161

Coats of arms

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Zákon č. 129/2000 Sb. o krajích (krajské zřízení)". zakonyprolidi.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 30 April 2021.
This page was last edited on 22 July 2021, at 08:08
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