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Regional minister

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In England, regional ministers were appointed from 2007 on a part-time basis as part of Her Majesty's Government. Each minister had other departmental responsibilities, as well as specific responsibilities for one of the English regions. Their stated role was "to provide a clear sense of strategic direction for the nine English regions and to help strengthen their links with central government."[1]

Following the 2010 general election, the Prime Minister's Spokesman was asked on 17 May 2010 if Regional Ministers had been scrapped. He said that the process of completing appointments to the Government was continuing, and that the Prime Minister, David Cameron, "had been very clear on the importance of devolution".[2] On 4 June 2010 the Evening Standard reported that the post of Minister for London had been scrapped.[3] No formal announcements were made in relation to regional ministers, but as of October 2010 no appointments had been made by the coalition government.

Since 2010, a number of similar roles have been created, including a Minister for Cities in 2011,[4] Minister for Portsmouth in 2014[5] and Minister for the Northern Powerhouse in May 2015.[6]

Background

Regional ministers in England were first appointed by the incoming Prime Minister, Gordon Brown, on 28 June 2007, as part of his initial Government reshuffle. At the time, his spokesman said that their role would be "to act as regional champions within government, and to represent the government in parliamentary debates and other forums on regional issues."[7]

A proposal to establish such ministerial positions had been made by think tank the New Local Government Network (NLGN) in its report Redesigning Regionalism: Leadership and Accountability in England's Regions, which in turn had developed from a 2006 pamphlet written by MPs Ed Balls and John Healey, and NLGN Director and former MP Chris Leslie.[8] Establishing regional ministerial posts was proposed by the NLGN "if devolution from Whitehall to regional and local leadership is regarded as too big a step straight away".[9] The report argued that "...the appointment of a series of Ministerial portfolio holders to represent and act for Government as policy leaders in each of the English regional might provide a greater degree of focus for regional policy, encourage a more integrated approach across Whitehall, and offer superior opportunities for scrutiny and cross-examination of regional decisions in Parliament." It followed from the 2004 rejection by voters in the North East of England of a proposed elected regional assembly.

In London, the post of Minister for London had first been established by the then Conservative government in 1994.

Responsibilities

The Governance of Britain Green Paper, published in July 2007, provided the following objectives for regional ministers:[1]

  1. to advise the Secretary of State for the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) on the approval of regional strategies and appointment of Regional Development Agency (RDA) chairs and boards;
  2. to represent regional interests in the formulation of central government policy relevant to economic growth and sustainable development in areas that have not been devolved to the RDAs
  3. to facilitate a joined up approach across government departments and agencies to enable the effective delivery of the single regional strategy
  4. to champion the region at high level events and with regard to high-profile projects (including through a programme of regional visits); and
  5. to represent the Government with regard to central government policy at regional committee hearings and at parliamentary debates focused specifically on the region.

It also stated:[10]

There are a range of functions that Regional Ministers will undertake. These are mostly clustered around the responsibilities of the Government Offices and the Regional Development Agencies, particularly in relation to economic development. Regional Ministers will be able to take questions in Parliament on the work of regional bodies, and on regional strategies. Regional ministers will be a visible representative of their area – they will take a key role in bringing together local services and different arms of government at important times for the region, whether in bidding for or hosting major sporting occasions (e.g. the Commonwealth Games); or when a region faces difficult challenges (e.g. the severe flooding afflicting Yorkshire and the Humber, and the East and West Midlands in June 2007).

Opposition

The establishment of the regional minister posts was opposed by the Conservative opposition. In a 2009 debate on the setting up of regional Select Committees of Parliament, to which the regional ministers report, the Shadow Leader of the House, Alan Duncan, said:[11]

The document The Governance of Britain says that regional Ministers, who are supposedly to be held to account by these Select Committees, do all sorts of important things. It sets out their responsibilities, stating that they "represent", "facilitate", "champion" and again "represent" various things in the document. But do they decide anything? No, they do not. These Ministers are fictitious Ministers, supposedly joining up the various tentacles of government and somehow making a Minister in one Department tie his or her decisions in with those of a Minister in another Department. The people who should be held to account, if that is necessary, are the Ministers who take those decisions, not these supposed facilitators who have no executive responsibility whatever. They are faux Ministers – false Ministers – and they do not really exist as Ministers at all.

Ministerial appointments 2007-2010

The nine Government regions of England, as at 2010
The nine Government regions of England, as at 2010

London

For appointments before 2007, see Minister for London
Name Portrait Title Concurrent Office Term Start Term End
Tessa Jowell
Tessa Jowell Cropped.jpg
Minister for London Paymaster General

Minister for the Olympics

28 June 2007 3 October 2008
Tony McNulty
McNulty bus.jpg
Minister of State for Employment and Welfare Reform 3 October 2008 5 June 2009
Tessa Jowell
Tessa Jowell Cropped.jpg
Paymaster General

Minister for the Olympics

Minister for the Cabinet Office

5 June 2009 11 May 2010

South East

Name Portrait Title Concurrent Office Term Start Term End
Jonathan Shaw
Jonathan Shaw.jpg
Minister of State for the South East Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Marine, Landscape and Rural Affairs 28 June 2007 5 October 2008
Minister of State for Disabled People[a] 5 October 2008 11 May 2010

South West

Name Portrait Title Concurrent Office Term Start Term End
Ben Bradshaw
Official portrait of Mr Ben Bradshaw crop 2.jpg
Minister of State for the South West Minister of State for Health 28 June 2007 5 June 2009
Jim Knight
Lordjimknight2017.jpg
Minister of State for Employment and Welfare Reform 5 June 2009 11 May 2010

West Midlands

Name Portrait Title Concurrent Office Term Start Term End
Liam Byrne
Official portrait of Liam Byrne crop 2.jpg
Minister of State for the West Midlands Minister of State for Borders and Immigration 28 June 2007 5 October 2008
Ian Austin
Ian Austin Official Portrait.jpg
Assistant Government Whip 5 October 2008 9 June 2009
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government 9 June 2009 11 May 2010

North West

Name Portrait Title Concurrent Office Term Start Term End
Phil Woolas
Phil Woolas MP.jpg
Minister of State for the North West Minister of State for Local Government

Minister of State for the Environment

28 June 2007 4 October 2008
Minister of State for the Treasury

Minister of State for Borders and Immigration

4 October 2008 11 May 2010

North East

Name Portrait Title Concurrent Office Term Start Term End
Nick Brown
Official portrait of Rt Hon Nicholas Brown MP crop 2.jpg
Minister of State for the North East Deputy Chief Whip of the Government

Treasurer of the Household

28 June 2007 3 October 2008
Chief Whip of the House of Commons

Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury

4 October 2008 11 May 2010

Yorkshire and the Humber

Name Portrait Title Concurrent Office Term Start Term End
Caroline Flint
Official portrait of Caroline Flint crop 2.jpg
Minister of State for Yorkshire and the Humber Minister of State for Employment 28 June 2007 24 January 2008
Rosie Winterton
Rosie Winterton OfficialPortrait.jpg
Minister of State for Work and Pensions 24 January 2008 5 June 2009
Minister of State for Local Government 5 June 2009 11 May 2010

East Midlands

Name Portrait Title Concurrent Office Term Start Term End
Gillian Merron
Gillian Merron, September 2009 5 cropped.jpg
Minister of State for the East Midlands Parliamentary Secretary to the Cabinet Office 28 June 2007 24 January 2008
Phil Hope
Phil Hope.jpg
24 January 2008 5 October 2008
Minister of State for Care Services 5 October 2008 11 May 2010

East

Name Portrait Title Concurrent Office Term Start Term End
Barbara Follett
Barbara Follett.jpg
Minister of State for the East Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Work and Pensions 28 June 2007 24 November 2007
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Equality 24 November 2007 4 October 2008
Minister for Culture and Tourism 4 October 2008 22 September 2009
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government 22 September 2009 11 May 2010

Developments since 2010

In July 2011, Greg Clark was appointed to the new role of Minister for Cities,[4][12] which from July 2014 was combined with Minister for Universities and Science.[13] The role has presumably been unfilled upon Clark's promotion to Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government in May 2015.[14]

In January 2014, the post of Minister for Portsmouth was created, with the aim to help support the city's shipbuilding industry.[5] The role was initially held by Michael Fallon until the appointment of Matthew Hancock in July 2014,[15] who was replaced by Mark Francois in May 2015.[16]

In April 2014, Labour leader Ed Miliband proposed the reintroduction of regional ministers, corresponding to the nine English regions, who would sit on a new regional committee based at the Cabinet Office.[17]

In May 2015, James Wharton was appointed to the new role of Minister for the Northern Powerhouse, focusing on wider devolution to English "core cities" including Manchester, Leeds, Sheffield, Liverpool, and Newcastle.[6]


Notes

  1. ^ Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (2008–09)

References

  1. ^ a b Regional Ministers at Government Offices webpage. Accessed 27 February 2010
  2. ^ Downing Street Morning Press Briefing, 17 May 2010. Accessed 18 May 2010
  3. ^ "Boost for Boris Johnson as David Cameron axes London minister", Evening Standard, 4 June 2010
  4. ^ a b McCann, Kate (20 July 2011). "Greg Clark appointed minister for cities". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Minister for Portsmouth to be Michael Fallon". BBC News. 16 January 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  6. ^ a b "What is the Northern Powerhouse?". BBC News. 14 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Brown appoints ministers for each English region", Planning Resource, 29 June 2007. Accessed 27 February 2010
  8. ^ "Gordon Brown adopts Regional Ministers plan – advocated by NLGN – for constitutional reform", NLGN, 29 June 2007. Accessed 27 February 2010
  9. ^ "NLGN sets out new thinking on the future of regional governance", NLGN, 5 March 2007. Accessed 3 March 2010
  10. ^ Regional Accountability at Westminster, House of Commons Library, Standard Note SN/PC/04411.
  11. ^ Hansard, 3 March 2009, Col. 790
  12. ^ "Government renews focus on cities". GOV.UK. Cabinet Office. 19 July 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  13. ^ Shaw, Claire; Ratcliffe, Rebecca (15 July 2014). "Greg Clark appointed universities and science minister". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  14. ^ "Cabinet reshuffle: Amber Rudd and Sajid Javid promoted". BBC News. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  15. ^ Henley, Peter (25 July 2014). "Is Minister for Portsmouth a job for life?". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  16. ^ "Mark Francois appointed Minister for Portsmouth". GOV.UK. 14 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  17. ^ Grice, Andrew (8 April 2014). "Ed Miliband: Labour would introduce nine regional ministers to devolve Westminster's power". The Independent. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
This page was last edited on 31 July 2020, at 14:53
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