To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Jakobson's functions of language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The six factors of an effective verbal communication. To each one corresponds a communication function (not displayed in this picture).[1]
The six factors of an effective verbal communication. To each one corresponds a communication function (not displayed in this picture).[1]

Roman Jakobson defined six functions of language (or communication functions), according to which an effective act of verbal communication can be described.[2] Each of the functions has an associated factor. For this work, Jakobson was influenced by Karl Bühler's organon model, to which he added the poetic, phatic and metalingual functions.

The six functions of language

  • The referential function: corresponds to the factor of Context and describes a situation, object or mental state. The descriptive statements of the referential function can consist of both definite descriptions and deictic words, e.g. "The autumn leaves have all fallen now." Similarly, the referential function is associated with an element whose true value is under questioning especially when the truth value is identical in both the real and assumptive universe.[3]
  • The poetic function: focuses on "the message for its own sake"[4] (how the code is used) and is the operative function in poetry as well as slogans.
  • The emotive[note 1] function: relates to the Addresser (sender) and is best exemplified by interjections and other sound changes that do not alter the denotative meaning of an utterance but do add information about the Addresser's (speaker's) internal state, e.g. "Wow, what a view!" Whether a person is experiencing feelings of happiness, sadness, grief or otherwise, they use this function to express themselves.
  • The conative function: engages the Addressee (receiver) directly and is best illustrated by vocatives and imperatives, e.g. "Tom! Come inside and eat!"
  • The phatic function: is language for the sake of interaction and is therefore associated with the Contact/Channel factor. The Phatic Function can be observed in greetings and casual discussions of the weather, particularly with strangers. It also provides the keys to open, maintain, verify or close the communication channel: "Hello?", "Ok?", "Hummm", "Bye"...
  • The metalingual (alternatively called "metalinguistic" or "reflexive") function: is the use of language (what Jakobson calls "Code") to discuss or describe itself.

Notes

  1. ^ Alternatively called "expressive" or "affective".

References

  1. ^ Middleton, Richard (April 1, 1990). Studying Popular Music. Philadelphia, UK: McGraw-Hill Education. p. 241. ISBN 0-335-15275-9.
  2. ^ Waugh, Linda R. (1980). "The Poetic Function in the Theory of Roman Jakobson". Poetics Today. Duke University Press. 2 (1): 57–82. doi:10.2307/1772352. JSTOR 1772352.
  3. ^ "The Real Functions of Language". Paper Written. January 16, 2017. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  4. ^ Duranti 1997.

Bibliography

This page was last edited on 16 February 2021, at 01:53
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.