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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Village green
Village green
Swing bridge at Reeth built in 1920 was demolished by an uprooted tree in 2000. What stands now is a replica, opened in 2002
Swing bridge at Reeth built in 1920 was demolished by an uprooted tree in 2000. What stands now is a replica, opened in 2002

Reeth is a village about 11 miles (18 km) west of Richmond in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England, located within the civil parish of Reeth, Fremington and Healaugh. Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, it is considered to be the principal settlement of upper Swaledale.[1]

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  • ✪ Reeth in Swaledale North Yorkshire
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Transcription

Contents

Etymology

The origin of the name Reeth is unclear. It is possibly derived from the Germanic for 'place by the stream'.[2] While this claim can neither be confirmed nor denied, Reeth could also have been derived from the Cumbric rith (cf. ryd in Modern Welsh, rys in Cornish ) meaning 'Ford'.[3] Both would make sense as Reeth is located near two shallow rivers.

History

In Saxon times, Reeth was only a settlement on the forest edge, but by the time of the Norman conquest it had grown sufficiently in importance to be noted in the Domesday Book. Later it became a centre for hand-knitting and the local lead industry was controlled from here, but it was always a market centre for the local farming community.

On 5 July 2014, the Tour de France Stage 1 from Leeds to Harrogate passed through the village.[4]

Governance

The village lies within the Richmond (Yorks) parliamentary constituency, which has been represented since 2015 by Conservative Rishi Sunak, who took over from retiring fellow Conservative William Hague. It also lies within the Upper Dales electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Reeth and Arkengarthdale ward of Richmondshire District Council.[5]

Geography

Reeth is located on the B6270 road that crosses the entirety of Swaledale, linking Richmond with Kirkby Stephen in Cumbria. Nearby settlements to Reeth include the fellow parish villages of Fremington 0.5 miles (0.80 km) east and Healaugh 1.4 miles (2.3 km) to the west, as well as Grinton, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the east. Reeth is situated at the meeting point of the two most northerly of the Yorkshire Dales: Swaledale and Arkengarthdale. It is also near to Reeth that Arkle Beck from the north joins the River Swale. The village is overlooked by the surrounding fells of Harkerside Moor, Fremington Edge and Calver Hill. Alfred Wainwright's Coast to Coast Walk, an unofficial but popular long-distance footpath from Saint Bees to Robin Hood's Bay, passes through Reeth.[6]

Demography

For the parish of Reeth, Fremington and Healaugh:

Population[7][8][9]
Year 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 2001 2011
Total 988 667 570 628 709 616 588 540 685 724

Community and culture

Primary education is provided by Reeth Community Primary School, which is engaged in a confederation with nearby Gunnerside Methodist Primary School.[10] Pupils then receive secondary education at Richmond School & Sixth Form College.[11] In May and June every year, Reeth becomes the hub of the Swaledale Festival, a two-week celebration of small-scale music and guided walks. Additionally on the final Wednesday of August, the Reeth Show, an agricultural event, is held, in 2012 it celebrated its centenary year.[12] Reeth is also home to the Swaledale Museum, which covers rural history including life and work in the local area of Swaledale and Arkengarthdale within the Yorkshire Dales national park.

Amenities

Burgoyne Hotel, Reeth.
Burgoyne Hotel, Reeth.

Village amenities include three public houses (the Black Bull Hotel, the Buck Hotel and the King's Arms), a caravan park, two village stores, one of which is also the post office, a bakery, a cafe, eleven guest houses variously bed and breakfast or self-catering, two hotels, a community centre, the Evangelical Congregational Church, Reeth Memorial Hall, and the Swaledale Museum. One of five National Park Centres for the Yorkshire Dales is located in Reeth. The local health establishment is Reeth Medical Centre,[13] which serves over 200 square miles of land, caring for over 1,500 patients from the surrounding area.

Religion

Reeth Congregational Church
Reeth Congregational Church

Reeth is home to two churches. The current Reeth Methodist Chapel has been in use since 1822, although Methodists have been worshipping in the village since at least 1766.[14] The larger Reeth Evangelical Congregational Church is located on the village green.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Reeth,         Yorkshire Dales
  2. ^ "Reeth History – A historical guide & Links to Swaledale and Arkengarthdale". Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  3. ^ Phillips, John (1855). The rivers, mountains, and sea-coast of Yorkshire: with essays on the climate, scenery, and ancient inhabitants of the county. J. Murray. p. 52.
  4. ^ "Tour de France Stage 1". Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  5. ^ Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  6. ^ Wainwright, Alfred (2010). A Coast to Coast Walk (Second ed.). London, UK: Frances Lincoln. p. 95. ISBN 978 0 7112 3063 7.
  7. ^ "Population at Censuses". Vision of Britain. 2009. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
  8. ^ "2001 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2002. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
  9. ^ "2011 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2013. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2013. Reeth Schools
  11. ^ "Secondary admission arrangements for the Northallerton area". North Yorkshire County Council. North Yorkshire County Council. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  12. ^ Reeth Show UK.
  13. ^ "Reeth Medical Centre".
  14. ^ http://www.nydalesmeth.org.uk/reeth.htm Reeth Methodists

External links

This page was last edited on 13 December 2018, at 09:56
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