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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For the Amora sage of the 5th and 6th generation, see: Ravina I.

Ravina II or Rabina II (Hebrew: רב אבינא בר רב הונא or רבינא האחרון) was a Babylonian rabbi of the 5th century (seventh and eighth generations of amoraim).

He, along with his teacher Rav Ashi, were considered "the end of Hora'ah (teaching)".[1] Traditionally both of them are regarded as responsible for redacting the Babylonian Talmud.

Biography

Most scholars agree that the rabbi here in question was Ravina the son of R. Huna, and not Ravina the colleague of Rav Ashi who died before Rav Ashi.[2]

He did not remember his father, R. Huna, who died while Ravina was still a child, but the Talmud states several times that his mother communicated to him the opinions held by his father.[3] After his father's death, his maternal uncle Ravina I became his guardian.[4]

Ravina II officiated as judge at Sura shortly after Rav Ashi's death,[5] and was a colleague of Mar bar Rav Ashi,[6] although he was not so prominent. After Rabbah Tosafa'ah's death, Ravina became, for a year (474), director of the Sura Academy.[7] Simultaneously, Rabbah Jose served as head of the Pumbedita academy. Ravina served as leader of the Jewish community in Babylonia for 22 years. One year before his death, all the Babylonian synagogues were closed, and Jewish infants were handed over to the Magians.[8] He died on the 13th of Kislev in 474[9] or 499 CE.[10]

References

  1. ^ Bava Metzia 86a
  2. ^ Sherira Gaon (1988). The Iggeres of Rav Sherira Gaon. Translated by Nosson Dovid Rabinowich. Jerusalem: Rabbi Jacob Joseph School Press - Ahavath Torah Institute Moznaim. p. 79. OCLC 923562173., s.v. Ravina, who cites Rabbi HaLevi, vol. 6, chaps. 4-7, who, in turn, cites Rabbi Sherira Gaon in ch. 11, p. 116.
  3. ^ Berachot 39b; Menachot 68b
  4. ^ Ketuvot 100b
  5. ^ Ketuvot 69a
  6. ^ Menachot 37b; Berachot 36a
  7. ^ Abraham ibn Daud "Sefer ha-Ḳabbalah," in Neubauer, "M. J. C." i. 61
  8. ^ Sherira Gaon (1988). The Iggeres of Rav Sherira Gaon. Translated by Nosson Dovid Rabinowich. Jerusalem: Rabbi Jacob Joseph School Press - Ahavath Torah Institute Moznaim. p. 118. OCLC 923562173.; cf. Widengen, G. (1963). "The Status of the Jews in the Sassanian Empire". Iranica Antiqua I: 142–143.
  9. ^ Abraham ibn Daud, Sefer haKabbalah
  10. ^ Sherira Gaon Neubauer, l.c. i. 34

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSinger, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "RABINA II. (B. HUNA)". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

This page was last edited on 6 February 2020, at 23:46
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