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Rake Brook Reservoir

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rake Brook Reservoir
Rake Brook Reservoir (geograph 5388163).jpg
View across the reservoir
Rake Brook Reservoir is located in the Borough of Chorley
Rake Brook Reservoir
Rake Brook Reservoir
Shown within Chorley Borough
LocationLancashire
Coordinates53°41′42″N 2°32′12″W / 53.69500°N 2.53667°W / 53.69500; -2.53667
Typereservoir
Primary inflowsRake Brook
Basin countriesUnited Kingdom

Rake Brook Reservoir is a reservoir fed by two streams, including the eponymous Rake Brook, a tributary of the River Roddlesworth in Lancashire, England.

The reservoir is adjacent to the two Roddlesworth Reservoirs. It was constructed in the 1850s by Thomas Hawksley for Liverpool Corporation Waterworks, and was designed to hold compensation water to maintain flows in the rivers, whereas the reservoirs at Lower Rivington, Upper Rivington and Anglezarke held water for the public water supply. Water from the reservoir was fed into Anglezarke reservoir by a 3.75-mile (6.04 km) channel called The Goit.[1]

Construction of the reservoir was authorised by an Act of Parliament obtained in 1847, and the engineer Thomas Hawksley designed an earth dam which was 85 feet (26 m) tall at its highest point and 1,490 feet (450 m) long. The reservoir was finished in 1857, and impounded 73 million imperial gallons (330 Ml) of water when full.[2]

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Lynne Hamjian, Surface Water Branch Chief, EPA Region 1: Stormwater is a big challenge for communities particularly urban and suburban communities. Arlington for example, is 41 percent impervious area, which are hard surfaces like roofs, parking lots, roadways. Rain water goes into the river it carries pollution such as bacteria, nutrients, metals, organic matter, and sediments. Adam Chapdelaine, Town Manager, Arlington, MA: The Hurd Field is currently a multi-use recreational facility where there is both adult and youth baseball, softball, and soccer played which is adjacent to the parking lot where this porous pavement project is happening. Wayne Chouinard, Town Engineer, Arlington, MA: We have a lot of passive recreation use at our Arlington Reservoir Walk. We have the Hurd Athletic Field here and we also have the Minute Man bike path right next door to the site. Mill Brook is directly adjacent to this property. The parking lot that was here had no stormwater controls to it. So there's absolutely no stormwater management or water quality benefits from that parking lot. The porous pavement in this site will improve water quality, reduce stormwater runoff, reduce flooding potential; it's just a great positive benefit for the Mill Brook. Forrest Bell, FB Environmental: The idea of porous pavement is that all of the water, the stormwater, the rain water, that falls on the site is going to infiltrate down into the soil instead of running off into nearby Mill Brook. So it's a stormwater treatment, we're treating the quantity and the quality of the water by keeping the stormwater from the parking lot and the surrounding area from entering the stream. Ray Cody, EPA Region 1: The idea is that if you can capture a one-inch storm you'll capture 95 percent of all the storms. So what you should see is that this bucket of water, approximately a gallon and a half, will migrate right through the pavement whereas on a harder asphalt it would just pool right on the surface. Andy DeSantis, DPW, Chelsea, MA: Public work officials like to see things that we can touch that we can see being built. The project in Arlington over the long term, when I say long term I'm talking five, ten years out will probably have more benefit educating people than it's gonna have immediately in the next year or two. Lynne Hamjian, Surface Water Branch Chief, EPA Region 1: This project is very important to EPA both regionally and nationally. We need to find new ways and new techniques to reduce both stormwater flow and stormwater pollution. EPA and the Town of Arlington plan to track the performance of this porous pavement. In addition, we plan to educate municipal officials, watershed groups, environmental groups, by bringing them to the site so they can see the site and how it works. EK Khalsa, Executive Director, Mystic River Watershed Association: We're very, very happy that this project has been built here in Arlington. The thing to remember is that the problems of water quality that we face in the Mystic River Watershed didn't happen overnight. And so projects such as this one are really essential because this is one of the first steps we need to take in order to reverse the water quality impairment that we caused over so many hundreds of years. Adam Chapdelaine, Town Manager, Arlington, MA: The project will improve the quality of the parking lot. But it'll also provide a site for residents both of Arlington and outside of Arlington to come down and see porous pavement in action. So they'll be able to come down look at porous pavement and give consideration to installing porous pavement on their own properties and improving their own stormwater runoff into the watershed and thereby benefiting the watershed as a whole. [music fades]

Bibliography

  • Binnie, G M (1981). Early Victorian Water Engineers. Thomas Telford. ISBN 978-0-7277-0128-2.

References

  1. ^ Binnie 1981, pp. 138-140.
  2. ^ Binnie 1981, p. 283.


This page was last edited on 26 March 2021, at 00:13
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