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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jules Auguste Muraire
Raimu - photo Henri Manuel.jpg
Studio Henri Manuel, 1920
Jules Auguste Muraire

(1883-12-18)18 December 1883
Died20 September 1946(1946-09-20) (aged 62)
Resting placeToulon
Other namesRaimu
  • Actor
  • Singer
Years active1916–1943
Esther Metayer
(m. 1936)
AwardsHonorary César 1983

Jules Auguste Muraire (18 December 1883 – 20 September 1946), whose stage name was Raimu, was a French actor. He is most famous for playing César in the 'Marseilles trilogy' (Marius, Fanny and César).

Life and career

Born in Toulon in the Var department, Muraire made his stage debut there in 1899. After coming to the attention of the great music hall star Félix Mayol who was also from Toulon, in 1908 he was given a chance to work as a secondary act in the Paris theatre scene. He worked primarily in comedy. In 1916, writer/director Sacha Guitry gave him significant parts in productions at the Folies Bergère and other major venues. In addition to his appearances on stage, Raimu also developed a successful career in films, sometimes under the name Jules Raimu.

He starred in the premiere of André Messager's operetta Coups de roulis in 1928. The following year, already a leading actor, he gained wide acclaim for his starring role in the stage production of the Marcel Pagnol play Marius. Reluctantly, owing to his disappointment with his first film role many years earlier, he agreed to act in Guitry's film Le Blanc et le Noir and then reprised his Marius role on film a year later. By his late forties Raimu had become one of his country's most respected actors, and was considered the ultimate actor by Alec Guinness, Marlene Dietrich, and Orson Welles.

Grave in Toulon
Grave in Toulon


He married Esther Metayer (1905-1977) in 1936. He had a daughter, Paulette Brun (1925-1992).


Raimu died of a heart attack on 20 September 1946, brought on by complications with anesthesia after a relatively minor leg operation, in the American Hospital of Paris in Neuilly-sur-Seine, while he was asleep.


He was interred in the cemetery of Toulon, where the Cinéma Raimu Toulon has been named in his honor.

In 1961, the government of France honored him with his image on a postage stamp. A small museum created by his granddaughter Isabelle Nohain exists in the town of Cogolin in the Var department in France.

Partial filmography

External links

This page was last edited on 11 November 2022, at 22:47
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