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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rai 1
Rai 1 - Logo 2016.svg
Launched3 January 1954; 66 years ago (1954-01-03)
Owned byRai
Picture format1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
Audience share15,71% (May 2016, [1])
CountryItaly
LanguageItalian
HeadquartersRome, Italy
Formerly called
Programma Nazionale (1953–1975)
Rete 1 (1975–1983)
Raiuno (1983–2010)
Sister channel(s)Rai 2
Rai 3
Rai 4
Rai 5
Rai Gulp
Rai Movie
Rai News24
Rai Premium
Rai Scuola
Rai Sport
Rai Storia
Rai Yoyo
Rai Ladinia
Rai Südtirol
Rai Italia
Websiterai.it/rai1
Availability
Terrestrial
Digital terrestrial televisionChannel 1 (SD)
Channel 501 (HD)
Satellite
Hot Bird 13°E (Europe, Middle East & North Africa)10992 V 27500 2/3 (SD)
Sky ItaliaChannel 101 (SD)
TivùsatChannel 1 (SD)
Channel 101 (HD)
Streaming media
RaiPlayLive streaming

Rai 1 (until May 2010 known as Rai Uno) is the flagship television channel of Rai, Italy's national state broadcaster, and the most-watched television channel in the country. It is a free-to-air, general-entertainment channel, mainly focused on shows[clarification needed], movies and public-service messages; its direct competitor is Mediaset's Canale 5.

Early history

The first set of programming for Rai 1 was almost completely educational with no advertising, except for the popular Carosello. Early shows were meant to teach a common language to a country torn apart by World War II. Shows like Non è mai troppo tardi... were simply shot in a classroom set and meant to help with reconstruction. While televisions were not widely available nor affordable, those who could spend the money on them became community leaders and often invited the neighborhood to visit. Bars and cafés turned from places where men would meet to argue or play cards into miniature cinemas where arguments over what show to watch would break out. Women and children were also more accepted inside the bars, as a result of the lack of men post-war and their need to enter working society. Churches also bought televisions are a means of drawing people to spend time as part of those communities.

High-definition feed

The channel launched an HDTV 1080i simulcast in September 2013, available nationwide on subscription-television providers and on DTT (channel 501). Previously, HD programs used to be aired on Rai HD.

Directors of Rai 1

  • Mimmo Scarano 1976 - 1979
  • Paolo Valmarana : 1980
  • Emmanuele Milano 1980 - 1985
  • Giuseppe Rossini 1986 - 1988
  • Carlo Fuscagni 1989 - 1993
  • Nadio Delai 1994 - 1994
  • Brando Giordani 1995 - 1996
  • Giovanni Tantillo 1996 - 1996
  • Agostino Saccà 1998 - 2000
  • Pier Luigi Celli : 2000
  • Maurizio Beretta 2000 - 2001
  • Agostino Saccà 2001 - 2002
  • Fabrizio Del Noce 2002 - 2009
  • Mauro Mazza 2009 - 2012
  • Giancarlo Leone 2012 - 2016
  • Andrea Fabiano 2016 - 2017
  • Angelo Teodoli: 2017 - 2018
  • Teresa De Santis: 2018 - 2020
  • Stefano Coletta: 2020 -

Current programmes

News

  • TG1, the main news service, directed by Andrea Montinari
  • TV7, weekly late-night news programme
  • Rai Meteo, weather bulletin
  • Speciale TG1, enquiring programme
  • Porta a Porta, late-night talk show

Events

Entertainment

  • Tale e Quale Show
  • La Corrida
  • Portobello [it]

Documentaries and Culture

  • SuperQuark, hosted by Piero Angela
  • Quark Atlante, SuperQuark Saturday afternoon spin-off, focusing on wilderness and adventure
  • Lineablu, focusing on the Mediterranean Sea and shores, hosted by Donatella Bianchi
  • Linea Verde, focusing on wilderness, agriculture and rural cooking, hosted by Patrizio Roversi and Daniela Ferolla
  • Overland World Truck Expedition, adventure and documentary expeditions
  • Passaggio a Nord-Ovest, focusing on history and archaeology
  • Cinematografo, focusing on cinema
  • Rewind – Visioni private, focusing on TV history
  • Magazzini Einstein, focusing on arts and culture

TV Series

Sports

Early programmes

Until the autumn 1976/77 season, regular broadcasting was in monochrome (black and white), with very few exceptions (shown in bold). Regular colour broadcasting began during the winter 1976/77 season.

References

  1. ^ "Sintesi Mensile 1A" (PDF). Auditel. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  2. ^ "Addio a Raimondo Vianello Anche il calcio piange". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 15 April 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  3. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qQwjq08tUU4 An abridgement of the epilogue
  4. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=13fa7j13124 A scene from the first episode

External links

This page was last edited on 7 September 2020, at 13:34
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