To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rafaela
Pano 1 raf.jpg
Coat of arms of Rafaela
Coat of arms
Rafaela is located in Argentina
Rafaela
Rafaela
Location of Rafaela in Argentina
Coordinates: 31°16′S 61°29′W / 31.267°S 61.483°W / -31.267; -61.483
Country Argentina
Province Santa Fe
DepartmentCastellanos
Founded byGuillermo Lehmann (colonist)
Government
 • MayorLuis Castellano (Justicialist)
Area
 • Total156 km2 (60 sq mi)
Elevation
90 m (300 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Total99,150
 • Density640/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s)rafaelino
Time zoneUTC−03:00 (ART)
CPA base
S2300
Dialing code+54 3492
WebsiteOfficial website

Rafaela (Spanish pronunciation: [rafaˈela]) is a city in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, about 96 km from the provincial capital. It is the head town of the Castellanos Department. It has a population of 99,150 per the 2010 census [INDEC].

The city was established in 1881 by Guillermo Lehmann, and officially became a city in 1913. The city has grown 22.2% between 1991 and 2001, and 18.6% in the last census period (2001-2011) according to the official data of the Population Census (INDEC). The city is almost the exact antipode of Wuhu in China.

The city hosts Rafaela Aerodrome airport and the Autódromo Ciudad de Rafaela race track.

Zoning of the city

The city is located in the western-center area of Santa Fe Province and has an area of 156 km2 (60 sq mi). The design of most of the urban area of the city has a shape of a checkerboard with the main plaza (Plaza 25 de mayo) in the middle of the city and four main boulevards coming from there. The street grid of the city is composed by square blocks in most part of the neighborhoods, mainly in the historical and older part of the city.[citation needed]

Photo in main square May 25th
Photo in main square May 25th

The city has 37 neighborhoods and the downtown area (called Microcentro in Spanish) as the map of the city shows.[1]

Cathedral of Rafaela
Cathedral of Rafaela

Role of citizen participation in planning

In 2008 the municipality of Rafaela created the Department of Administration and Participation (Secretaria de Gestión y Participación, SGP) and after that the government started implementing a process of Participatory budgeting,[2] based on the successful case of Porto Alegre. The main goal of this process is to consolidate and strengthen the importance of citizen participation in the public agenda. The government of the city has implemented the method for three consecutive years. The first one in 2009 was completed; the one for 2010 is now in the stage of implementing the public works that resulted from the participation process; and the third project is in process (SGP, Municipalidad de Rafaela, 2011).[3]

Climate

Climate data for Rafaela (1961–1990, extremes 1970–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 42.0
(107.6)
40.5
(104.9)
39.5
(103.1)
36.9
(98.4)
34.6
(94.3)
30.8
(87.4)
32.4
(90.3)
37.2
(99.0)
39.0
(102.2)
41.7
(107.1)
39.1
(102.4)
42.0
(107.6)
42.0
(107.6)
Average high °C (°F) 32.1
(89.8)
30.9
(87.6)
28.1
(82.6)
24.7
(76.5)
21.7
(71.1)
17.9
(64.2)
18.1
(64.6)
20.0
(68.0)
22.2
(72.0)
25.3
(77.5)
28.2
(82.8)
30.7
(87.3)
25.0
(77.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.7
(76.5)
23.7
(74.7)
21.4
(70.5)
17.9
(64.2)
15.2
(59.4)
11.4
(52.5)
11.4
(52.5)
12.7
(54.9)
14.8
(58.6)
18.2
(64.8)
21.0
(69.8)
23.6
(74.5)
18.0
(64.4)
Average low °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
17.4
(63.3)
16.0
(60.8)
12.7
(54.9)
9.7
(49.5)
6.4
(43.5)
6.1
(43.0)
6.8
(44.2)
8.5
(47.3)
11.8
(53.2)
14.6
(58.3)
16.8
(62.2)
12.1
(53.8)
Record low °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
5.5
(41.9)
3.0
(37.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
−5.9
(21.4)
−6.4
(20.5)
−8.3
(17.1)
−5.4
(22.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.7
(30.7)
0.0
(32.0)
5.4
(41.7)
−8.3
(17.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 121.1
(4.77)
130.1
(5.12)
150.5
(5.93)
82.0
(3.23)
42.0
(1.65)
24.0
(0.94)
23.6
(0.93)
24.6
(0.97)
57.1
(2.25)
82.8
(3.26)
102.8
(4.05)
118.8
(4.68)
959.4
(37.77)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8 7 9 7 5 4 5 5 6 8 8 8 80
Average relative humidity (%) 70 74 79 80 81 81 80 77 74 74 73 71 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 288.3 240.1 229.4 210.0 186.0 159.0 173.6 204.6 216.0 244.9 276.0 291.4 2,719.3
Percent possible sunshine 66.8 64.8 60.5 62.3 57.0 51.9 54.1 60.1 61.0 61.8 67.2 66.4 61.2
Source 1: NOAA,[4] Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario (record highs and lows)[5]
Source 2: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (precipitation days),[6] Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (sun, 1961–1990)[7]

Notable natives

Twin towns – sister cities

Rafaela is twinned with:[8]

References

  1. ^ Map 1: Neighborhoods of the city (In Spanish) Archived January 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Program of Citizen Participation (In Spanish)
  3. ^ SGP - Secretaría de Gestión y Participación, Municipalidad de Rafaela (2011) “Presupuesto Ciudadano de Gestión Participativa. Oportunidad para los vecinos, desafío para la gestión municipal y crecimiento equitativo de la ciudad”. Prepared by Municipalidad de Rafaela, Argentina.
  4. ^ "Rafaela INTA Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  5. ^ "Rafaela, Santa Fe". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
  6. ^ "Valores Medios de Temperatura y Precipitación-Santa Fe: Rafaela" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  7. ^ "Valores promedio (1961–1990) de Estación INTA–Rafaela (EMC)" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  8. ^ "Hermanamiento". rafaela.gob.ar (in Spanish). Rafaela. Retrieved 2020-05-26.

External links

This page was last edited on 1 October 2020, at 15:22
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.