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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Radviliškis
City
Radviliškio bažnyčios ansamblis.JPG
Flag of Radviliškis
Flag
Coat of arms of Radviliškis
Coat of arms
Radviliškis is located in Lithuania
Radviliškis
Radviliškis
Location of Radviliškis
Coordinates: 55°48′N 23°33′E / 55.800°N 23.550°E / 55.800; 23.550
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionAukštaitija
CountyŠiauliai County
MunicipalityRadviliškis district municipality
EldershipRadviliškis town eldership
Capital ofRadviliškis district municipality
Radviliškis town eldership
Radviliškis eldership
First mentioned1529
Granted city rights1923
Government
 • MayorAntanas Čepononis
Population
 (2015)
 • Total16,344 (19th)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Websitehttp://www.radviliskis.lt

Radviliškis (About this soundpronunciation ) (Polish: Radziwiliszki, Yiddish: ראדווילישאָק‎, Radvilishok) is a city in the Radviliškis district municipality, Šiauliai County, Lithuania. Radviliškis has been the administrative center of the district since 1950, and is an important railway junction.

History

Radviliškis was founded at the end of the 15th century. It was first mentioned in the book on state economics by M. Downar-Zapolsky listing the cities taxpayers in 1567. In 1687, John Sobieski, the king of Lithuania and Poland, granted the right of holding a market to it.

Radviliškis was devastated many times by military forces, plague and hunger in the 17th–19th centuries. There were no citizens left in Radviliškis after the plague in 1708–1710.

Radviliškis railway station
Radviliškis railway station

Town growth began when the Liepāja–Romny Railway line, crossing the town, was built in 1870 and Radviliškis–Daugavpils line was built in 1873. Railwaymen constituted the majority of the residents.

Around July 12, 1941, all 300 Jews of Radviliškis were murdered in the Durpunas Forest near the Jewish cemetery by Germans and Lithuanian Activist Front members from Radviliškis.[1]

In 1998, a sculpture of the Victory goddess Nike was unveiled in the center of Radviliškis to commemorate the eightieth anniversary of the victory over the united GermanRussian West Russian Volunteer Army. It was created by sculptor P. Mazuras.

Name and coat of arms

Supposedly, the name originated from the name of the noble Radziwiłł (Radvila) family of Lithuanian origin. This family ruled Radviliškis for more than 200 years, from 1546 to 1764.

A rising and light-emitting horse, representing communication, motion, city development and flourishing, is depicted in the coat of arms of Radviliškis. The light is a symbol of civilization's role in the city development. It was created by artist Laima Ramonienė in 1992.[citation needed]

Attractions

Radviliškis, settled on everglades, was famous for its railway and black-from-locomotive-smoke sparrows.[citation needed]

The two symbols of the town are the railways, and black swallows.[citation needed]

There are Evangelical-reformed, Protestant, Lutheran, and Orthodox chapels, Jewish synagogues and Catholic Churches in Radviliškis.[citation needed]

The stone windmill of Radviliškis was erected in remembrance of the violent and triumphant battles in 1919 against the German–Russian armed forces(Bermontians).[citation needed]

The wooden belfry of Radviliškis parish's Blessed Virgin Mary church of the Immaculate Conception is a topical architecture monument. It was set in 1878. The belfry burned twice. It was reconstructed in 1984.[citation needed]

Sister cities

Radviliškis is twinned with eleven cities:[citation needed]

References

External links

This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 22:31
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