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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Radio Times
RadioTimes-cvr.jpg
Christmas 2005 double issue
CategoriesTV and radio listings magazine
FrequencyWeekly
Circulation577,087 (January – June 2018)[1]
First issue28 September 1923; 96 years ago (1923-09-28)
CompanyBBC Magazines (1937–2011)
Immediate Media Company (since 2011)
CountryUnited Kingdom
Based inLondon, England
Language
Websitewww.radiotimes.com Edit this at Wikidata
ISSN0033-8060

Radio Times is a British weekly magazine which provides radio and television listings, and other features such as film reviews. It was the world's first broadcast listings magazine[2] when it was founded in 1923 by John Reith, then general manager of the British Broadcasting Company (from 1 January 1927, the British Broadcasting Corporation).

It was published entirely in-house by BBC Magazines from 8 January 1937[3] until 2011 when the division was merged into Immediate Media Company.[4][5][6] On 12 January 2017, Immediate Media was bought by the German media group Hubert Burda.[7]

The magazine is published on Tuesdays, the day having gradually moved forward from Fridays (or Wednesdays) over many years, and carries listings for the following Saturday through to Friday. Originally, listings ran from Sunday to Saturday – the changeover meant that 8 October 1960 was listed twice in successive issues.

Publication history

Cover of the first issue (28 September 1923)
Cover of the first issue (28 September 1923)

The Radio Times was first issued on 28 September 1923[8] for the price of 2d, carrying details of programmes for six BBC wireless stations (2LO, 5IT, 2ZY, 5NO, 5WA and 5SC), newspapers at the time boycotted radio listings fearing that increased listenership might decrease their sales.[9] It included a 'message to "listeners"' by the BBC's chairman, Lord Pease.[10] Initially, The Radio Times was a combined enterprise between the British Broadcasting Company and publishers George Newnes Ltd. within the latter typeset, printed and distributed the magazine. In 1925, the BBC assumed full editorial control, but printing and distribution could not begin in-house until 1937,[11] The Radio Times established a reputation for using leading writers and illustrators, and the covers from the special editions are now collectable design classics. By 26 September 1926, the narrow columns of BBC's wireless programme schedules were now broken up by the insertion of a photograph or two – either those relevant to subject to the broadcasts itself. On 1 May 1927, The Radio Times received an experimental Braille edition was produced under the auspices of the National Institute for the Blind, its success led to a regular weekly Braille version starting publication costing one penny each.

Masthead from the 25 December 1931 edition, including the BBC's coat of arms with the motto: "Nation shall speak peace unto nation"
Masthead from the 25 December 1931 edition, including the BBC's coat of arms with the motto: "Nation shall speak peace unto nation"
Masthead from the 8 January 1937 edition, the first using the title 'Radio Times'
Masthead from the 8 January 1937 edition, the first using the title 'Radio Times'

From 5 January 1934 to faciliate these changes, the three-column programme pages were expanded to include a fourth column with the television programmes has given a new section layout (from 8 January of that year) and The Radio Times announced a regular series of 'experimental television transmissions by the Baird process' for half an hour every morning. The launch of the first regular 405-line television service by the BBC was reflected with television listings in The Radio Times London edition of 23 October 1936.[11][12] Thus Radio Times became successfully the first-ever television listings magazine in the world, initially only two pages in each edition were devoted to television, which ran from Monday to Saturday and remained off-air on Sundays.

After 14 years, from issue 693 (cover date 8 January 1937), the definitive article "The" was no longer used on the masthead, when the magazine became simply called Radio Times, and the magazine also published a lavish photogravure supplement on the same date of that year.[13] Prior to the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939, the BBC radio listings provided a National Programme for the whole in the United Kingdom, and the Regional Programme appeared in seven different versions (London, Midlands, North, West, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland), plus the Aberdeen and Stagshaw programmes each with a combination of national and regional were transmitted to the north east of Scotland and England respectively, before the two stations merged into a single service, and Radio Times included three pages of television listings.

When Britain declared war with Germany on 3 September 1939 and the television broadcasting ceased, but radio listings continued throughout the war with a reduced service. As from 23 June 1944, just 18 days after D-Day, the Allied Expeditionary Forces edition carried details of all the programmes for the Home Service and General Forces Programme, by the same year that paper rationing meant editions were only 20 pages of tiny print on thin paper, when the Radio Times expanded with regional editions were introduced from 29 July 1945 and television resumed once again on 7 June 1946.

From 18 January 1953, the television listing schedules, which had been in the back of the magazine, were placed alongside the daily radio schedules. From 17 February 1957, television listings were moved to a separate section at the front, with radio listings relegated to the back. A day's listings was sometimes spread over up to three double-page spreads, mixed with advertisements, but this format was phased out when independent publishers were allowed to publish television programme schedules:

Category Channels and stations
Television BBC Television Service[1] (with the regional areas of London, Midlands, North, Scotland, West/Wales and Northern Ireland)
Sound BBC Home Service (1 September 1939),[2] BBC Light Programme (29 July 1945), BBC Third Programme (29 September 1946), BBC Network Three (30 September 1957)[3]

As from 8 October 1960, the BBC television and radio schedules were re-integrated as the programmes included a new 'pick of the week' with a single third page used for forthcoming previews before each day's listings would come first with the two pages of television and then four pages of radio, while the new bold masthead was designed by Abram Games (who created graphical designs such as the 'Festival Star' on the cover of the 1951 Festival of Britain and the 1953 'Bat's Wings' ident) containing the words 'BBC tv and Sound' on the left side, leading it to be one of the shortest-used designs in the magazine's history. On 4 August 1962 when Radio Times was again revamped, the masthead was replaced with one incorporating the words in the Clarendon typeface on the left, and the 'BBC / tv / Sound' (later became 'BBC-1 / tv / BBC-2' from April 1964) reversed out to the right; while the main change was the reduction of BBC radio listing schedules for Home, Light and Third to a double-page spread brought down into size, it had been running at between 60 and 68 pages but the relaunched issue two years earlier that contained only 52 pages.

From 30 September 1967, Radio Times introduces the all-new colour pages of magazine feature sections which include 'star stories', Percy Thrower's gardening, Zena Skinner's cookery, Bill Hartley's motoring, as well as 'round and about' with up to the minute stories in both television and radio from around the world, and also the four new BBC radio stations (that replaces the Home Service, the Light Programme and the Third Programme) were launched within the schedule listing pages:

Category Channels and stations
Television BBC One (with the regional areas of London, South, West, South West, Midlands/East Anglia, North, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland), BBC Two (as from 20 April 1964)
Radio BBC Radio 1, BBC Radio 2, BBC Radio 3,[4] BBC Radio 4 (includes regional news and opt-out programming), BBC Local Radio (from 8 November 1967)

On 6 September 1969, Radio Times is given a radical makeover as well as the front cover is surrounded by black border and italicses its masthead (in the Caslon typeface with swash capitals that remained until April 2001) was an attempt to emphasize the 'R' for radio and 'T' for television. In some changes for the new format saw the introduction of a weekly column previewing 'this week's films', however the look of the magazine was initially at least became far more restrained less the white space between columns on headings, most significantly the 'lifestyle' section (which covers motoring, gardening and cookery) and the crossword puzzle was completely dropped, while the highlights section on the right page is scrapped. But despite the new look, they switched the date format from 'month-day-year' to 'day-month-year' and ceases carrying cigarette advertisements after 46 years since its first published. Since Christmas 1969, a 14-day double-sized issue has been published each December containing listings for two weeks of programmes. Originally, this covered Christmas and New Year listings, but in some years these appear in separate editions, with the two-week period ending just before the New Year.

The major change was on 23 November 1978 within the presentation of radio programme listings took place, this was in response to wavelength changes that enabled Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland to receive their own separate domestic services in addition to BBC Radio 4 (also known as the national 'Radio 4 UK' service remained until September 1984), with the arrival of these services on the pages were forced into a six-column grid. On 30 August 1980, Radio Times developed a new double-page spread of Robert Ottaway's highlights from the week ahead often used for both BBC radio and television programmes, also the regular back page section for younger listeners and viewers featuring the Newsround presenter John Craven and a selection of new puzzles were created by the television producer Clive Doig – such as 'Trackword' which consisting of nine squares in one word, as well as the back stage stories and a strip cartoon (was Peter Lord's Morph) is now at the bottom of the page.

Between March and December 1983, Radio Times had severe industrial disputes with the support of joining forces by the British Printing & Communications Corporation and the union SOGAT 82 about the dispute was affected due to printing problems:

On 23 June 1984, the radio listings have been redesigned for these pages that improve their legibility to paving the way for a new printing technology, but some copies are already printed by this process will be other changes that enhance our service to our readers, and from 1 September of that year, web-offset printing was used for the first time when the magazine became brighter and more colourful, with newsprint and sheets of gravure is replaced by black ink and white paper, also installing a new typeface called Neue Helvetica that replaces Franklin Gothic which has a larger character style, and the television listings has also been redesigned including the new film icon[5] and 'today at a glance' (is occupied on the far right page) were added. Starting from 1986, Radio Times introduces the new family viewing policy warns BBC Television does not broadcast programmes before 9:00pm which it believes to be unsuitable for children after that time parents can be expected to share responsibility but some programmes may be appropriate for adult audiences.

On 17 December 1988, its popularity climaxed when the Christmas edition sold an astounding 11,220,666 copies, and the Guinness Book of Records as the biggest-selling edition of any British magazine in history.

From 2 June 1990, the entire magazine was published in colour for the first time which ended monochrome for over 67 years, the day's listings beginning with a single page of highlights that includes 'at a glance', followed by the double-page spreads of BBC television channels and radio stations, also the day showing inside the coloured block halfway down the pages vertically in which adds to a different colour, while the layout only lasted for six months when the new refreshed format debuted in the Christmas edition (on 22 December) where the programme listing pages retained their largely the same, and also the colour-coded days of the week is now at the top of the page headings.[6] On 16 February 1991 as the same date for the new BBC One and BBC Two idents, the introduction of television logos started to cover all channels and also include the programme pages for ITV and Channel 4 illustrations where the billings of white space until the next 13 days, when the full complete listings on the four main channels and satellite television from 1 March.

Before the deregulation of television listings in 1991, the four weekly listings magazines were as follows:

Today both publications carry listings for all major terrestrial, cable and satellite television channels in the United Kingdom and following deregulation, new listings magazines such as Mirror Group's TV Plus, IPC Media's What's on TV and Bauer Media Group's TV Quick began to be published.

While the major refresh on 31 August 1991, the four extra pages of satellite television listings and one page of highlights section were scrapped and replaced by the number of ten satellite channels (from top to bottom) is to be occupied by the daytime schedules for BBC One and BBC Two on the left, followed by ITV and Channel 4 with 'at a glance' on the right, and then the main evening schedules for terrestrial television channels that remained the same layout. On 5 September 1992, the daytime listings were slightly tweaked which includes ITV's programme schedules sandwiched between BBC Two and Channel 4 within the centre pages, and also giving two pages of satellite and cable channels for each category sections to making up the six pages of television listings every day:

Category Channels
Movies Sky Movies (also known as Sky Movies Plus until 11 September 1993), The Movie Channel, Sky Movies Gold (from 1 October 1992)
Sport Sky Sports, Eurosport, Screensport[12]
News Sky News, CNN International
Entertainment (unused, until 11 September 1993) Sky One, The Comedy Channel,[13] UK Gold (from 1 November 1992), Lifestyle,[14] The Children's Channel, MTV Europe, TV Asia, The Adult Channel[15]
Cable Bravo, Discovery Channel, The Learning Channel, Super Channel, AsiaVision, Home Video Channel[16]

During 1993, Radio Times had several layouts where the programme listing pages for television (including satellite) and radio schedules have been recently altered throughout the year:

  • 1 and 2 January – The VideoPlus+ number codes to cover all the terrestrial and satellite television channels for the first time, and in the following day saw the new film premiere icon appears used for the terrestrial television listings, replacing the phrase "first showing on network television".
  • 5 June – The radio listings is given a radical makeover with highlights on the right, including Virgin 1215, Classic FM and BBC World Service were added on each pages having previously used for the local radio section, and the television schedule pages saw the introduction of the year of production detail for films added as well.
  • 19 June – The categories for satellite television listings were completely rearranged, whether the news section (includes Sky One) moves to the left and the sport section moves to the right, also adding BSkyB's film classifications at the bottom corner on the left page.
  • 24 July – The two former cable-only channels for Bravo and Discovery are now appear in the unused entertainment section and the cable television listings were relegated at the bottom, which means the sport section is no longer used.
  • 1 September – The three new channels for UK Living, The Family Channel and Nickelodeon UK were launched as well as CMT Europe is also added in the unused entertainment section, marking as the same day with the introduction of Sky Multichannels package on the new Astra 1C system.
  • 11 September – The satellite television listings is given an redesigned layout starting with the new 'movie planner' section providing the latest film titles in alphabetical order on various channels at different times every day, within some changes including the new factual section (together with Discovery, Sky News and CNN International) that replaces the news category and also the sport section is returned as well.
  • 17 September – The two new channels for the British versions of TNT and Cartoon Network were added both the 'movie planner' and entertainment sections.
  • 25 September – The daytime listings has changed once again with 'at a glance' is now on the right page, but however the advertisements were occupied on the left page, also the channel logos reduced into horizontal bars in smaller size on adjacent columns used for terrestrial television listings, another changes in the satellite pages saw the new children's television section (along with The Children's Channel, Nickelodeon UK and Cartoon Network), and the cable listings has moved to the left side which next to 'movie planner' section that means AsiaVision, Wire TV and The Learning Channel were withdrawn.
  • 1 October – The British version of QVC launches and appears at the bottom corner in the entertainment section.
  • 26 December – The final Christmas Sunday listings (often used both on television and radio) for the very last time, it sometimes referred to Boxing Day never fell on a Sunday and moves to 27 December, although this practice has now fallen out of common usage even when it believed to result from the legalisation of Sunday trading in England and Wales a year later.

Radio Times' design was refreshed on 3 September 1994 as the television listings had the day's name written vertically beginning with the daytime section including 'today's choices' which replaces 'at a glance' on the left page, followed by the main evening's schedules in a original four-column grid, as well as the highlights section is occupied on the far left page within the satellite listings and the 'movie planner' is now at the right page. The major revamp took place on 25 September 1999 as well as the programme page headings were returned which also changed the 'letters' section beginning on the front pages and primetime television listings from two narrow columns to one wide column, and lasted until 13 April 2001 (shortly before Easter), which saw the new masthead title with the BBC's corporated typeface Gill Sans (until the end of 2004) and the programme pages with eight pages of television listings reverted to having the day running across the top of the page horizontally.

On 26 November 2002, NTL and BBC Worldwide announced a major new agreement that will offer an exclusive and tailored edition of Radio Times to every customer across the United Kingdom for every week it will be delivered directly to subscribers' homes. The special NTL edition of Radio Times replaces the monthly Cable Guide, which ran from September 1986 to December 2002, will contain programme information for NTL channels (including all terrestrial channels) with Front Row's pay-per-view movies and events will also be included. Subscribers will be offered the first four weekly issues of the new title for the same price as the existing monthly magazine, will be delivered free to homes in time for the first programme week of 4 January 2003, both companies will actively and jointly market the new edition.

From 30 October 2004, the programme listings pages have been revamped with the regional variations is now at the bottom of daytime section as well as the same spread on the five main channels include BBC Three, BBC Four, ITV2 and ITV3 (launches on 1 November) now appear on digital/cable section on the right page and a 'Kids' TV' section (that includes Nick Jr., CBeebies, CBBC and Disney Channel) in a single page on the left. On 22 May 2007, two extra pages of television listings per day were added as part of a slight tweak in the publication's format, bringing it up to ten pages of listings per day in total, or five double-page spreads: one page of highlights with daytime listings and regional variations, followed by two pages of evening's terrestrial television listings (with 'at a glance' for nine digital channels until 2010), then six pages of listings for digital, satellite and cable channels, within the digital radio listings were integrated into the main radio pages, and also the three new pages of sport, lifestyle and music.

Up until 2009, the listing schedules issued a warning phrase "contains strong language" used for BBC television programmes from 9:00pm during the hours of watershed restrictions.

The major sweeping changes came into effect on 10 April 2010 as Radio Times went through a overhaul with the two pages for latest reviews of highlights ('choices') that similar somewhat to TVTimes, while the daytime listings moved onto the evening section having the full day's output for the five main channels on one double-page spread to complete the set:

  • Choices (includes 'pick of the day' and 'film of the day')
  • Main channels (with daytime listings and regional variations)
  • Freeview
  • Satellite and cable (with children's television listings)
  • Films/Sport
  • Radio (includes 'radio in your area' section)

Other changes saw the evening listings start at 5.00pm rather than 6.30pm (sometimes earlier than 5.00pm for weekends, bank holidays, Easter, Christmas and New Year), the addition of electronic program guide numbers into the channel headers, and the inclusion of director and year of production details on all Film4 movies throughout the day.

For that time during the London 2012 Olympics (also in Rio 2016) and the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games, whether the listings for three terrestrial channels (BBC Two, ITV and Channel 4) are now occupied on the right page and Channel 5 was moved to the next page on the left, which means BBC One and BBC Three/Four as the Olympic broadcasters that also remind viewers in the possibility of both using the red button and online for BBC channels with additional broadcasts. Following the closure of the BBC Three channel on 20 February 2016, Radio Times stated to include BBC Four in the main channels section with Channel 5 being relegated to the Freeview section pages, reverting back to its original four-channel format which had been used for that page between 1 March 1991 and 29 March 1997.

From 25 March 2020, Radio Times introduces the two new sections of podcasts and the six pages of streaming and various catch-up services such as BBC iPlayer, Now TV, Disney+, BritBox, Netflix, Amazon Prime and UKTV Play.

Circulation and advertising

In 1934, Radio Times achieved a circulation of two million and its net profit in that year was more than one quarter of the total BBC licence income. By the 1950s, Radio Times had grown to be the magazine with the largest circulation in Europe, with an average sale of 8.8 million in 1955.[15] Following the 1969 relaunch, circulation indeed dropped by about a quarter of a million, it would take several years to recover but the magazine remained ahead of glossier, lifestyle-led competitor, TVTimes. In the mid-1970s, it was just over four million; but in 2013 it was just over one million.

Between April and November 1990, Radio Times launches the four-page preview of British Satellite Broadcasting programmes for five channels (that includes The Sports Channel, The Movie Channel, Now, Galaxy and The Power Station) as seen used for advertisement feature.

After the deregulation of television listings, there was strong criticism from other listings magazines that Radio Times was advertised on the BBC (as well as on commercial broadcasting channels), saying that it gave unfair advantage to a publication and includes the tagline: "If it's on, it's in". The case went to court, but the outcome was that as the Radio Times had close connections with the BBC it would be allowed to be advertised by the BBC; however from 1992 until 2004, it must be a static picture of the cover and show clear disclaimer "Other television listings magazines are available" leading to the phrase entering common public usage for a time.[citation needed]

On 9 September 2000, Rover Group sponsored Team GB for the Sydney Olympics, the two special edition cars (25 and 45) painted gold and silver were produced, in order to promote Rover's association with the team and we brokered one of the first cross-platform deals and used the Radio Times portfolio for six weeks between 15 September and 1 October, with the package of activity included a 'win a car' competition on a detachable front cover flap, a marketing double-page spread to promote advertorial strips on television listing pages and a web reprise that included competition fulfilment.

By the early 2000s, advertisements for the publication had become sparse on the BBC.[citation needed] The Radio Times has not been promoted on BBC television and radio channels since 2005, following complaints by rival publications that the promotions were unfair competition.[16]

During a major revamp in April 2010, Radio Times was the third-biggest-selling magazine in the United Kingdom. However, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations, the magazine experienced about 2.2% year-on-year decrease to an average weekly sale of 1,648,000 in the second half of 2009. The January 2018–January 2019 circulation figure for Radio Times is 622,000 (Decrease 11.3%), making it third in the television listings magazine market, behind TV Choice (998,561) Increase 2.1%) and What's on TV (887,049) Decrease 11.7%).[17]

Most Powerful People

The lists charted who the magazine believed were the most powerful people from three different areas of British media: comedy, drama and radio. The listing for comedy was published three times every January between 2003 and 2005; also the drama and radio lists were produced just only once each, in July 2004 and June 2005 respectively.

The first 'Most Powerful People' listing was published by Radio Times on 6 January 2003, and recognised the most influential people in television comedy in the United Kingdom. It was topped by the British comedian Ricky Gervais, as a result of the success of the award-winning second series of his television show The Office.

The second poll, published a year later on 13 January 2004, was won by the Irish comedian and television presenter Graham Norton following his signing of two new contracts during 2003, each worth a reported £5 million. Six months later on 5 July of the same year, Radio Times published their 'Most Powerful People in TV Drama' list. Following a series of votes from industry experts, the magazine named the actress Julie Walters as their choice for the most powerful person in drama.

On 11 January 2005, Radio Times published the third 'Most Powerful People in TV Comedy' list, which was topped by the comedy duo Matt Lucas and David Walliams for their sketch show Little Britain, which the magazine called "inspired". Finally on 6 June of that year, Radio Times published their final 'Most Powerful People' list, which named the most influential people in radio in the United Kingdom. Restricted only to current broadcasters, the poll was won by BBC Radio 2 disc jockey and television host Jonathan Ross, who was praised as "one of the wittiest people on radio". On 8 May 2010, Ross kept a copy of the issue of Radio Times naming him the most powerful person in radio in his office, next to a caricature of himself falling down a sewer in a Dennis the Menace and Gnasher cartoon.

Industrial disputes

Missing issues

For various reasons, some issues were not printed. These include:[17]

Issue No. Issue date Reason
138 14 May 1926 General strike
1221 21 February 1947 Fuel crisis
28 February 1947
1404 8 September 1950 Printing dispute
1408 13 October 1950
20 October 1950
27 October 1950
3012 1 August 1981
3099 2 April 1983
3100 9 April 1983
3134 3 December 1983

Diminished form

Printing disputes and other operational difficulties have also led to the magazine appearing in a different formats to the standard:

Issue No. Issue date Reason
1342 1 July 1949 London edition printed by The Daily Graphic
1404 15 September 1950 Nine-day issue, northern edition printed as a tabloid
1408 3 November 1950
1685 24 February 1956 Printed as a broadsheet in Paris, France
1686 2 March 1956
1687 9 March 1956
1688 16 March 1956
1689 23 March 1956
1690 30 March 1956
2870 11 November 1978 Cover printed in monochrome
2871 18 November 1978
2872 25 November 1978
2951 31 May 1980

Covers

When the magazine was a BBC publication, the covers had a BBC bias (in 2005, 31 of the 51 issues had BBC-related covers) and consisting of a single side of glossy paper, however the magazine often uses double or triple-width covers that open out for several large group photographs.

While the major events (such as Remembrance Day, Crufts, BAFTAs, Wimbledon Championships, Glastonbury Festival and the Proms) or new series of popular programmes are marked by producing different covers were actually used for other collectors:

  • On 10 May 1945, two days after VE Day, the Radio Times declared 'Victory Number' containing 24 pages of BBC radio programmes for the next eight days, with a special illustrated cover designed by Terry Freeman, incorporating the V sign as twin bursts of spotlights above the London skyline.
  • On 10 July 1969, Radio Times celebrated the Apollo 11 moon landing with this cover bearing the "TARGET MOON" caption at the top of the Saturn V rocket lifts off from Kennedy Space Center (on 16 July) as part of the NASA's Apollo mission before landed on the moon on 20 July. On 6 July 2019, a special eight-page, pull-out colour supplement marking for the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11.
  • On 10 December 1988, Alice Roberts won the Blue Peter 'Young Artists' competition at the age of 15, with her picture and the presenters appeared on the front cover, now a familiar face as a television presenter on various science and history documentary programmes, is one of the regular co-presenters of BBC Two's geographical and environmental series Coast from 2005 to 2015.
  • From 23 February 1991 during the deregulation of television listings, Radio Times began offering a comprehensive programme schedules for ITV, Channel 4 and satellite on 1 March (which falls on a Friday), bearing the "If it's on, it's in" tagline, which features Arnold Schwarzenegger appeared on the front cover, focusing about the former Mr. Universe and successfully become the biggest film career in Hollywood.
  • A special issue for the 50th anniversary of BBC television news on 3 July 2004, as well as a fold-out front cover with BBC news teams (from left to right: Huw Edwards, Fiona Bruce, Anna Ford, George Alagiah, Sophie Raworth, Dermot Murnaghan, Natasha Kaplinsky, Sian Williams, Darren Jordon and Moira Stuart) was photographed by Andy Earl, and also an accompanying special pull-out supplement within the centre pages.
  • On 10 February 2007, the second series of Life on Mars, was marked by the Radio Times producing a mock-up of a 1973-style cover promoting the series, placed on page three of the magazine.
  • On 5 May 2020, as Radio Times reaches its 5,000th edition with excellent lead articles from the support staff and workers of the National Health Service front line protecting the COVID-19 pandemic (also known as the coronavirus disease) to saving millions of lives, and also granted this special cover showing the colours of the rainbow which uses acrylic paint in a plain white background.

Each year, the Radio Times celebrates those individuals and programmes that are featured on the cover at the Radio Times Covers Party, where framed oversized versions of the covers are presented.[18]

Radio Times had several sporting events with more than one of the Home Nations (such as the Five/Six Nations, UEFA European Championship, Commonwealth Games and the Rugby World Cup) taking part are often marked with different covers for each nation, showing their own team.

Doctor Who

Doctor Who is the most represented programme on the cover, appearing on 29 issues (with 35 separate covers due to multiples) in the 49 years since the programme began on 23 November 1963.[19]

The Radio Times for 30 April – 6 May 2005 covered both the return of the Daleks to Doctor Who and the forthcoming general election.
The Radio Times for 30 April – 6 May 2005 covered both the return of the Daleks to Doctor Who and the forthcoming general election.

On 30 April 2005, a double-width cover was used to commemorate the return of the Daleks to Doctor Who and the forthcoming general election.[20] This cover recreated a scene from the 1964 Doctor Who serial The Dalek Invasion of Earth in which the Daleks were seen crossing Westminster Bridge, with the Houses of Parliament in the background, and also the cover text read "VOTE DALEK!". In a 2008 contest sponsored by the Periodical Publishers Association, this cover was voted the best British magazine cover of all time.[21]

Christmas and New Year

The cover of the 'Christmas Number' (as this issue came to be called) dating from the time when it contained just a single week's listings, usually features a generic festive artwork, atypical for the magazine, which since the 1970s has almost exclusively used as a TVTimes-style photographic covers for all other issues.

In recent years, Radio Times has published and sold packs of reproductions of some of the Christmas covers of the magazine as Christmas cards.[when?]

Other publications

The Listener

The Listener was first published on 16 January 1929 (until ceased publication in January 1991) under the editorship of Richard S. Lambert and was developed as a medium of record for the reproduction of broadcast talks. It also previewed major literary and musical broadcasts, reviewed new books, and printed a selected list of the more intellectual broadcasts for the coming week.

Its published aim was to be "a medium for intelligent reception of broadcast programmes by way of amplification and explanation of those features which cannot now be dealt with in the editorial columns of the Radio Times", and the title reflected the fact that at the time that BBC broadcasts via radio only.

On 31 March 2011, the entire digitised archive was made available for purchase online to libraries, educational and other research institutions.

Annuals and guides

An annual was published three times: in 1954,[22] 1955[22] and 1956.[23]

The Radio Times Guide to Films was first published by BBC Worldwide on 26 October 2000, featuring more than 21,000 film titles in alphabetical order containing with a 1,707-page book in the paperback format. The 2006 edition was edited by Kilmeny Fane-Saunders and also featured an introduction by Barry Norman, former presenter of the BBC's Film programme (until his death on 30 June 2017 at the age of 83), and the 2007 edition is introduced by Andrew Collins. The final-ever edition of Radio Times Guide to Films was published on 28 September 2018 for the last time after 18 years.

There are also similar publications, the Radio Times Guide to TV Comedy by Mark Lewisohn and the Radio Times Guide to Science-Fiction.

Editors

There have been 20 editors of Radio Times to date (including one uncredited and one returning) since the magazine began publication:[24][25][26]

  • Leonard Crocombe (1923–1926)
  • Walter Fuller (1926–1927)
  • Eric Maschwitz (1927–1933)
  • Maurice Gorham (1933–1941)
  • Gordon Stowell (1941–1944)
  • Tom Henn (1944–1954)
  • Douglas G Williams (1954–1968)
  • C J Campbell Nairne (1968–1969)
  • Geoffrey Cannon (1969–1979)
  • Brian Gearing (1979–1988)
  • Nicholas Brett (1988–1996)
  • Sue Robinson (1996–2000)
  • Nicholas Brett (returned) (2000–2001)
  • Nigel Horne (2001–April 2002)
  • Liz Vercoe (uncredited) (April 2002–July 2002)
  • Gill Hudson (August 2002–August 2009)
  • Ben Preston (September 2009–2017)
  • Mark Frith (2017–2020)
  • Tom Loxley and Shem Law (2020–present)

Regional editions

There are several regional editions that which contain different schedules for regional programming, all editions of Radio Times carry variations of adjoining regions for television and various local radio listings.

History

Since its began on 28 September 1923 during the interwar period, there was just a single national edition, but from 10 October 1926, there were three separate editions:

Edition BBC wireless stations
Southern 2LO (London), 5IT (Birmingham), 5WA (Cardiff), 6BM (Bournemouth), 5PY (Plymouth), 5NG (Nottingham), 6ST (Stoke), 5SX (Swansea)
Northern 2ZY (Manchester), 5NO (Newcastle), 2FL (Sheffield), 6LV (Liverpool), 2LS (Leeds/Bradford), 6KH (Hull)
Scottish/Ulster 5SC (Glasgow), 2BD (Aberdeen), 2DE (Dundee), 2BE (Belfast)

They were published until 7 January 1934, when Radio Times reverted back to one edition and covering all the local stations. After the war, regional editions were introduced on 29 July 1945 and the television service is finally resumed on 7 June 1946 – after closed down on 1 September 1939 in the duration of war for over six years.

The spread of television editions for Radio Times when the full listings (with six pages) were not included in all issues until August 1952:

BBC TV (later BBC One) regions Service date
London 2 November 1936
Midlands 17 December 1949
North of England 12 October 1951
Scotland 14 March 1952
West of England (including Wales until 1964)[18] 15 August 1952
Northern Ireland 21 July 1955[19]
Wales 9 February 1964

When BBC Two began in April 1964, there were a number of 'BBC-2 edition' for areas where only certain parts of a region could get BBC Two until July 1966:

BBC Two regions Service date
London & South East 20 April 1964
Midlands & East Anglia 6 December 1964
Wales 12 September 1965
North of England 31 October 1965
South & West 16 January 1966
Northern Ireland 11 June 1966
Scotland 9 July 1966

On 29 August 1970, the four English regional editions (along the constituent nations of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) were separated into ten areas:

These regions were further subdivided with individual editions for each BBC Local Radio station in your English county, except the Isle of Man – starting with BBC Radio Leicester on 8 November 1967, followed by Sheffield, Merseyside, Nottingham, Brighton, Stoke, Leeds and Durham. This continued between February 1981 and January 1983 until each regional edition began to cover three local stations which was previously used by regional news and opt-out programming on BBC Radio 4, apart from the South West as this is now the only part of England still without any BBC local station:

Edition BBC Local Radio stations
East Anglia BBC Radio Norfolk (11 September 1980), BBC Radio Cambridgeshire (1 May 1982), BBC Radio Northampton (16 June 1982)
London and South East BBC Radio London (6 October 1970), BBC Radio Oxford (29 October 1970), BBC Radio Medway (18 December 1970, renamed BBC Radio Kent on 2 July 1983)
Midlands BBC Radio Leicester (8 November 1967), BBC Radio Nottingham (31 January 1968), BBC Radio Stoke (14 March 1968), BBC Radio Birmingham (9 November 1970, renamed BBC Radio WM on 23 November 1981), BBC Radio Derby (29 April 1971)
North East BBC Radio Durham (3 July 1968, but ceased transmissions on 25 August 1972), BBC Radio Teesside (31 December 1970, renamed BBC Radio Cleveland on 1 April 1974 following the formation of the new county), BBC Radio Newcastle (2 January 1971)
North West BBC Radio Merseyside (22 November 1967), BBC Radio Manchester (10 September 1970), BBC Radio Blackburn (26 January 1971, renamed BBC Radio Lancashire on 4 July 1981), BBC Radio Carlisle (24 November 1973, renamed BBC Radio Cumbria on 25 May 1982 and also BBC Radio Furness as an opt-out service)
South BBC Radio Brighton (14 February 1968, renamed BBC Radio Sussex on 22 October 1983), BBC Radio Solent (31 December 1970)
South West (and the Channel Islands) BBC Radio Jersey (15 March 1982), BBC Radio Guernsey (16 March 1982), BBC Radio Devon and Cornwall (17 January 1983)
West BBC Radio Bristol (4 September 1970)
Yorkshire and Lincolnshire BBC Radio Sheffield (15 November 1967), BBC Radio Leeds (24 June 1968), BBC Radio Humberside (25 February 1971), BBC Radio Lincolnshire (11 November 1980), BBC Radio York (30 May 1982 as a temporary service, but later became full-time on 4 July 1983 for permanent basis)

Between 1 November 1982 and 22 February 1991, S4C listings were included in the Wales edition, known as 'Rhaglenni Cymraeg' (Welsh programmes). English programmes on S4C were simply billed as 'Rhaglenni Saesneg' (English programmes), with no further detail being given. TVTimes' included a pull-out supplement Sbec which gave full details on all S4C programming in both languages.

From 1 March 1991, Radio Times started carrying ITV and Channel 4 listings. To begin with they mirrored the ITV regions:

Edition BBC regions ITV regions
London BBC South East Thames Television (until 31 December 1992), Carlton Television (from 1 January 1993), London Weekend Television
East Anglia BBC East Anglia Television
Midlands BBC Midlands, BBC East Midlands Central Independent Television
South BBC South, BBC South East Television South (until 31 December 1992), Meridian Broadcasting (from 1 January 1993), Channel Television (from 26 October 1991)[22]
West BBC West Harlech Television (HTV)
Wales BBC Cymru Wales
South West BBC South West Television South West (until 31 December 1992), Westcountry Television (from 1 January 1993)
Yorkshire BBC North Yorkshire Television
North East Tyne Tees Television
North West Granada Television
Borders Border Television
Central Scotland BBC Scotland Scottish Television
Northern Scotland Grampian Television
Northern Ireland (Ulster) BBC Northern Ireland Ulster Television (UTV)

On 5 November 2001, BBC 2W launches as the digital-only service in Wales used for weekday evenings from 8.30pm to 10.00pm, within BBC Two's listings in the normal column is mainly split vertically in two to covering the both analogue and digital services. The digital-only service was ceased on 2 January 2009 as part of the digital switchover, and reverts to the normal service with less frequent regional programmes as the arrangement on analogue broadcasts.

On 24 February 2019, Radio Times introduces the BBC Scotland channel, a new autonomous service that broadcasts an nightly lineup of entirely Scottish-related programming from 7.00pm to midnight, replacing the Scotland's version of BBC Two after 53 years, and the listings were occupied by BBC Four at the bottom on the right page.

Alterations

The number of regional editions has been altered over the years with the number of regional editions gradually being reduced over time due to there being fewer variations in the programme schedules:

Variations

As of 2020, Radio Times used to have six regional editions for television channels and radio stations throughout the country had been since 25 August 2007.

Television

Edition BBC regions ITV regions Other channels
London/Anglia/Midlands BBC London, BBC South East, BBC East, BBC Midlands, BBC East Midlands ITV London, ITV Anglia, ITV Central BBC One Wales, BBC Two Wales, ITV Wales, London Live
South/West/South West BBC South, BBC South East, BBC West, BBC South West ITV Meridian, ITV West Country, ITV Channel Television BBC One Wales, BBC Two Wales, ITV Wales, S4C
Yorkshire/North East/North West BBC Yorkshire, BBC Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, BBC North East and Cumbria, BBC North West ITV Yorkshire, ITV Tyne Tees, ITV Granada BBC One Scotland, BBC Scotland, BBC One Wales, BBC Two Wales, ITV Anglia, ITV Border, ITV Central, ITV Wales, S4C
Scotland/Border BBC Scotland STV North, STV Central, ITV Border, ITV Border Scotland BBC Alba, BBC One England, BBC Two England
Wales BBC Cymru Wales ITV Cymru Wales S4C, BBC One England, BBC Two England, ITV Central, ITV Granada, ITV West, ITV Westcountry
Northern Ireland BBC Northern Ireland UTV RTÉ One, RTÉ2, Virgin Media One, Virgin Media Three

Radio

Edition BBC Local Radio regions
London/Anglia/Midlands BBC Radio Berkshire, BBC Radio Cambridgeshire, BBC Coventry & Warwickshire, BBC Radio Derby, BBC Essex, BBC Radio Gloucestershire, BBC Hereford and Worcester, BBC Radio Kent, BBC Radio Leicester, BBC Radio Lincolnshire, BBC Radio London, BBC Radio Norfolk, BBC Radio Northampton, BBC Radio Nottingham, BBC Radio Oxford, BBC Radio Shropshire, BBC Radio Stoke, BBC Radio Suffolk, BBC Surrey, BBC Sussex, BBC Three Counties Radio, BBC WM
South/West/South West BBC Radio Berkshire, BBC Radio Bristol, BBC Radio Cornwall, BBC Radio Devon, BBC Essex, BBC Radio Gloucestershire, BBC Radio Guernsey, BBC Hereford and Worcester, BBC Radio Jersey, BBC Radio Kent, BBC Radio London, BBC Radio Oxford, BBC Radio Solent, BBC Somerset, BBC Surrey, BBC Sussex, BBC Three Counties Radio, BBC Wiltshire
Yorkshire/North East/North West BBC Radio Cumbria, BBC Radio Derby, BBC Radio Humberside, BBC Radio Lancashire, BBC Radio Leeds, BBC Radio Lincolnshire, BBC Radio Manchester, BBC Radio Merseyside, BBC Radio Newcastle, BBC Radio Sheffield, BBC Radio Stoke, BBC Tees, BBC Radio York plus BBC Radio Scotland
Scotland/Border BBC Radio Scotland, BBC Radio Shetland, BBC Radio Orkney, BBC Radio nan Gàidheal
Wales BBC Radio Wales, BBC Radio Cymru (including Radio Cymru 2)
Northern Ireland BBC Radio Ulster, BBC Radio Foyle

Online and media content

Radio Times Extra

Radio Times Extra is a means of extending advertising into the medium of digital programme guides provided by Inview Technology, it offers full schedule listings and synopses forward 14 days, as well as editorialised selections such as 'pick of the day'.

Radio Times Extra has been installed on certain Freeview box models through an 'over-air download', but some box makers are installing the service on new boxes that can be bought in various stores. As of January 2011, it has been installed on 3.8 million Freeview set-top boxes in the United Kingdom from 21 different manufacturers spanning 37 different receivers.

The service was originally built by Teletext Ltd. in collaboration with Inview Technology. In a deal between BBC Worldwide and Inview Technology, Teletext Extra was relaunched as Radio Times Extra on 31 January 2011, with the editorial content from Radio Times.

Website

The Radio Times website was launched in 1997 primarily as a listings service. In 2011, it relaunched offering a diverse editorial product to accompany its listing schedules for television, radio and film recommendations.

Digitisation

In December 2012, the BBC completed a digitisation exercise, scanning the listings of all BBC programmes from an entire run of about 4,500 copies of the magazine from 1923 (the first issue) to 2009, the BBC Genome Project, with a view to creating an online database of its programme output.[27] They identified around five million programmes, involving 8.5 million actors, presenters, writers and technical staff.[27] BBC Genome was released for public use on 15 October 2014.[28][29] Corrections to OCR errors and changes to advertised schedules are being crowdsourced.[28]

See also

Sources

Bibliography

  • Tony Currie, The 'Radio Times' Story (2001. Kelly Publications) ISBN 1-903053-09-9
  • David Driver, The Art of 'Radio Times': The First Sixty Years (1981)
  • Martin Baker, Art of Radio Times: A Golden Age of British Illustration ISBN 978-1854441713

Notes

  1. ^ It replaces the national and regional programmes on 1 September 1939 during the outbreak of the Second World War, and remained on air until 30 September 1967 as the station became BBC Radio 4.
  2. ^ Television becomes available in Wales following the switching on from the Wenvoe transmitting station.
  3. ^ Television becomes available in Northern Ireland on 1 May 1953 although initially from a temporary transmitter at Glencairn, brought into service in time for the Coronation of Elizabeth II.
  4. ^ Renamed BBC TV on 8 October 1960 and later became BBC One on 20 April 1964.
  5. ^ All these strands including the Third Programme, kept their separate identities (such as music, sports coverage and education) within BBC Radio 3 until 4 April 1970, when there was a further reorganisation following the introduction of the structural changes which had been outlined in the BBC document Broadcasting in the Seventies on 10 July 1969.
  6. ^ From 1956 to 1964, the Midlands originally had their own edition of TVTimes carrying ATV and ABC programme listings, but in a separate weekly magazine called TV World on 27 September 1964, for the innovative idea of splitting the magazine itself 50:50, with a second cover in the middle allowing for the magazine to be folded over to creating both weekend and weekday from one publication, before TVTimes went national on 21 September 1968.
  7. ^ The English administrative counties of Cumberland, Westmorland, the three ridings of Yorkshire and the three parts of Lincolnshire were abolished and replaced by the new counties of Cumbria, North Yorkshire, West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, Humberside and a single Lincolnshire during the actual 1974 re-organisation.
  8. ^ Also known as TVTimes Magazine from 3 October 1981; rebranded back to its original TVTimes name on 6 October 1984.
  9. ^ In earlier years, the BBC television listing schedules were given phrases such as 'a film series' used for imported programmes and 'the feature film' was completely dropped from 1 September 1984.
  10. ^ Named after the American magazine of the same name, which devoted to celebrities, television reviews and video releases. It became a monthly magazine from 1991, and it was later absorbed by Satellite TV Europe magazine in 1992.
  11. ^ The colours for days of the week were adopted on 22 December 1990, they are: Saturday in red, Sunday in azure blue, Monday in light orange, Tuesday in indigo, Wednesday in medium green, Thursday in deep pink, and Friday in dark turquoise.
  12. ^ During the early 1990s, Radio Times had several satellite and cable television channels have ceased broadcasting that includes The Power Station on 8 April 1991, The Comedy Channel on 30 September 1992, and Lifestyle on 24 January 1993.
  13. ^ Replaced by Sky Sports on 20 April 1991.
  14. ^ There is no edition of Radio Times in the Channel Islands as their listing schedules were contained within the South West region, but Channel Television published its own listings magazine, the CTV Times (formerly Channel Viewer) until 25 October 1991.
  15. ^ On 19 December 1992, the two adults-only services (Home Video Channel and The Adult Channel) as unsuitabled.
  16. ^ Absorbed by Eurosport from 1 March 1993.

References

  1. ^ "ABC Certificates and Reports: Radio Times". Audit Bureau of Circulations. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  2. ^ Currie, Tony (2001). The Radio Times Story. Kelly Publishing. ISBN 978-1903053096.
  3. ^ "The history of Radio Times". Radio Times.
  4. ^ Sweney, Mark (16 August 2011). "BBC Worldwide agrees £121m magazine sell-off". The Guardian.
  5. ^ Preston, Peter (11 March 2012). "What price the Radio Times? Only private equity can tell us". The Guardian.
  6. ^ Chapman, Matthew (11 April 2012). "Radio Times hires Hello! ad director". Media Week.
  7. ^ "German media group buys Radio Times". 12 January 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  8. ^ "Issue 1 - 28 September 1923 - BBC Genome". Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  9. ^ The BBC Story, 1920s
  10. ^ Lord Pease (28 September 1923). "My message to "Listeners"". Radio Times. No. 1. p. 18.
  11. ^ a b "The history of Radio Times". Radio Times. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  12. ^ "Issue 682". genome.ch.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  13. ^ "Issue 693". genome.ch.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  14. ^ Carmody, Robin (July 2000). "THE GOOD NEW TIMES ... THE BRADSHAW OF BROADCASTING: 1980s – 2000". Off the Telly. Archived from the original on 14 May 2008.
  15. ^ "Happy birthday Radio Times: Ten of the best covers from the last 90 years". Press Gazette.
  16. ^ Conlan, Tara (8 August 2005). "For viewers of quality ..." The Guardian. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  17. ^ "FAQs". BBC Genome. 15 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  18. ^ Radio Times coverage of the 2012 event, 18 January 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2012
  19. ^ Radio Times – Doctor Who covers
  20. ^ "Doctor Who – The greatest magazine cover of all time". Radio Times. BBC Magazines. Archived from the original on 24 May 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2008.
  21. ^ Martin, Nicole (29 September 2008). "Vote Dalek image voted best magazine cover of all time". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 1 October 2008.
  22. ^ a b Briggs, Asa (1995). The History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom: Volume IV: Sound and Vision. OUP. ISBN 978-0-19-212967-3.
  23. ^ "Radio Times ANNUAL 1956". Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  24. ^ "Radio Times Facts and Figures". radiotimesarchive.co.uk. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  25. ^ "Former Time Inc editor-in-chief Mark Frith named as the new editor of Radio Times". Press Gazette. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  26. ^ "Tom Loxley and Shem Law named joint editors of Radio Times". Immediate Media Co. 10 March 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  27. ^ a b Kelion, Leo. "BBC finishes Radio Times archive digitisation effort". BBC. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  28. ^ a b Bishop, Hilary. "Genome – Radio Times archive now live". BBC. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  29. ^ Sweney, Mark (16 October 2014). "BBC digitises Radio Times back issues". The Guardian.

External links

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