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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

RTL Zwei
RTLZWEI Logo 2019.svg
CountryGermany
Broadcast area
  • Germany
  • Austria
  • Switzerland
  • Italy (South Tyrol)
  • Belgium
  • Luxembourg
  • Liechtenstein
  • Netherlands
  • Turkey
  • Kosovo
  • Eastern Europe
NetworkMediengruppe RTL Deutschland
AffiliatesRTL II You
Sloganshow me more
HeadquartersGrünwald, Bavaria, Germany
Programming
Language(s)German
Picture format1080i HDTV
{(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
Ownership
Owner
  • RTL Group S.A.
  • Heinrich Bauer Verlag KG
  • Tele-Munich Television Media Participation LP
  • Burda GmbH
Sister channels
History
Launched6 March 1993; 27 years ago (1993-03-06)
ReplacedScreensport
Former namesRTL 2 (1993–1999)
RTL II (1999–2019)
Links
Websitewww.rtl2.de
Availability
Terrestrial
Digital terrestrial televisionChannel numbers vary in each region
Cable
Kabel DeutschlandChannel 107 (SD)
Channel 118 (HD)
A1 TV
(Austria)
Channel 12
Naxoo
(Switzerland)
Channel 168
UPC SwitzerlandChannel 17 (HD)
Telemach (Bosnia and Herzegovina)Channel 272
Satellite
Astra 1L (19.2°E)12188 H / 27500 / 3/4 (DVB-S)
12226 H / 27500 / 3/4 (RTL II Austria; DVB-S)
11391 H / 22000 / 5/6 (RTL II Switzerland; DVB-S)
Astra 1M (19.2°E)10832.25 Horizontal 57 (RTL II HD; encrypted DVB-S2)
Sky DeutschlandChannel 187 (SD)
Channel 167 (HD)
Total TV (Bosnia and Herzegovina)Channel 794
IPTV
Telekom EntertainChannel 8 (SD/HD)
EON TV (Bosnia and Herzegovina)Channel 272

RTL Two (stylised as RTLZWEI) is a German-language television channel, which is operated by RTL2 Television GmbH & Co. KG. RTL Two is a private television broadcaster with a full program (Vollprogramm) according to the Interstate Broadcasting Agreement (Rundfunkstaatsvertrag). For Austria and Switzerland, variants of the main programme are produced with nationally inserted advertising islands; these variants can be received via the cable networks in these two countries as well as via digital satellite. RTL Zwei is the second subsidiary of RTL Group in Germany.

History

Logo of RTL II from 6 March 1993 to 6 April 1996; similar to the logo used by KGAN/Cedar Rapids from 1993 to 2004.
Logo of RTL II from 6 March 1993 to 6 April 1996; similar to the logo used by KGAN/Cedar Rapids from 1993 to 2004.
Logo of RTL II from 6 April 1996 to 1999.
Logo of RTL II from 6 April 1996 to 1999.
The first version of the channel's circular "II" logo was used from 1999 to 2002.
The first version of the channel's circular "II" logo was used from 1999 to 2002.
Updated version of 1999 logo; used from 2002 to 2009.
Updated version of 1999 logo; used from 2002 to 2009.
Logo of RTL II from 28 June 2009 to 7 October 2019.
Logo of RTL II from 28 June 2009 to 7 October 2019.

On 26 September 1992, RTL II was scheduled to begin broadcasting; select programming guides were anticipating the channel's launch during that time. However, the channel's launch was delayed until 1993 because LPR Hessen (known as the Hessische Landesanstalt für privaten Rundfunk) repeatedly raised concerns about the channel's shareholder structure to the German media authorities. The shares of the channel's initial owners (RTL Television, CLT, Bertelsmann, Burda and FAZ) had to be reduced to below 25% before the licence for the channel could be awarded to RTL.[1] The channel eventually started broadcasting on 6 March 1993 at 6:09 a.m., replacing Screensport (which ceased operations five days earlier due to its merger with Eurosport) on the Astra satellite service. The first programme on the channel was the movie Ein reizender Fratz.

In 2000, RTL II began broadcasting the shows Popstars and Big Brother; Popstars ran on the channel for two seasons before it was moved to ProSieben, while Big Brother continued to air until 2011.

The network began offering a video on demand service in February 2012.[2]

As of 7 October 2019, the channel was rebranded as RTLZWEI. The number 2 is written out for the first time in the station's history. The design was developed in cooperation with the agency mehappy GmbH.[3]

Ownership

The channel is operated by RTL2 TV GmbH & Co. KG, which was founded in 1992 and employs approximately 210 people. Since June 2014 its Managing Director has been Andreas Bartl.[4] The company was originally headquartered in Cologne, but is now run in the municipality of Grünwald, to the south of Munich; only its news department is still based in Cologne, in order to share the production facilities of RTL news. The company is jointly owned by: RTL Group S.A. (35.9%),[5] Bauer Media Group (31.5%),[6] Tele-Munich Television Media Participation LP (31.5%, of which the Leonine Holding and The Walt Disney Company hold 50% each).[5] and Hubert Burda Media (1.1%)[5]

Programming

Programming pillars are daily episodes of the local Big Brother in access prime-time, and a prime-time lineup consisting mostly of "docu-soaps", movies and licensed series such as 24 and Stargate SG-1. Recent efforts to move further towards quality programming with science magazines and documentaries have met with an indifferent audience response.[citation needed]

The channel's prime-time newscast RTL II News is frequently criticized[citation needed] for its selection of news stories, which are seen to cater to a young audience; for example, it has been known to put a CD release or the launch of a new gaming console in the second headline slot directly after the day's top event.[original research?] This unconventional approach has brought RTL II's broadcasting licence into jeopardy at least once, as a German commercial broadcaster has to feature minimum amounts of serious informational and cultural programming to be allowed a full channel licence.[citation needed] In addition to its own newscast formats (RTL II News, RTL II Spezial. Das Magazin and Das Nachrichtenjournal), the channel commissions independent producers to create its own productions, which it airs in the afternoons.

Afternoon programming

In the afternoon, the channel now primarily features its own docu soap and reality show productions.[7]

Prime-time

Among its prime-time line-up the channel's own docu soap productions such as Die Geissens – Eine schrecklich glamouröse Familie and Frauentausch are particularly successful. Various US shows such as Game of Thrones[8] and The Walking Dead[9] have been, and continue to be, the most successful series of RTL II's prime-time slot. Its late-night line-up also features US series such as Autopsy – Mysteriöse Todesfälle and Flashpoint.

Anime and children's programming

RTL II has offered the largest anime content of all free-to-air German-language TV channels.[citation needed] It aired about over 80 Anime series since the channel and also broadcast cartoons. On weekdays, RTL II also airs an anime afternoon under their children/youth banner "Pokito". Following tensions with media authorities, RTL II's standards and practices department is believed[by whom?] to be especially sensitive about children's programming. As a consequence, the channel has cut scenes in anime series like Detective Conan,[10] InuYasha,[11] One Piece[12] and Naruto,[13][14] for which it has received criticism from anime fans. Even some episodes where the original version had previously been given a FSK 6 rating, meaning that it is suitable for children ages 6 up and may legally be aired at all hours of the day, have been edited down.[citation needed] In February 2013, RTL II announced that its Sunday morning children's programme would be discontinued as of 21 April 2013. A separate and short-lived online channel for anime was launched in April.[15]

German premieres

RTL II was the first channel to introduce various foreign TV formats on German television such as:

  • The Final Countdown: a show aired at the start of the new millennium lasting 24 hours and showing celebrations in various locations all over the world.
  • Popstars in 2000 was the first casting show aired on German television.
  • Jack Point Jack in 2003 was the first interactive movie on German television.
  • Bollywood movies: On 19 November 2004 RTL II aired Sometimes happiness, sometimes sadness (German: In guten wie in schweren Tagen - original title: Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham), the first dubbed Bollywood movie on German television, and achieved an audience share of over 12.3% among the target group of 14- to 49-year-olds.[16] Due to its great success Indian movies have been regularly aired on the channel ever since. Previously, Bollywood movies had been broadcast in Hindi with German subtitles on ARTE and VOX.

Audience share

Germany

January February March April May June July August September October November December Annual average
1993[17] - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.6%
1994[18] - - - - - - - - - - - - Increase 3.8%
1995[19] - - - - - - - - - - - - Increase 4.6%
1996[20] 4.6% 4.1% 4.4% 4.8% 4.5% 4.3% 4.6% 4.5% 4.6% 4.6% 4.5% 4.1% Decrease 4.5%
1997[21] 4.1% 4.4% 4.3% 4.1% 4.2% 4.0% 3.8% 3.6% 3.6% 4.2% 3.8% 3.9% Decrease 4.0%
1998[22] 3.7% 3.9% 3.9% 4.1% 3.8% 3.4% 3.6% 3.9% 3.8% 3.8% 3.7% 3.6% Decrease 3.8%
1999[23] 3.6% 3.4% 3.4% 3.7% 4.0% 3.9% 4.4% 4.5% 4.6% 4.3% 4.2% 4.2% Increase 4.0%
2000[24] 4.3% 4.1% 4.6% 5.5% 5.7% 5.0% 4.5% 4.8% 4.8% 5.6% 4.9% 4.5% Increase 4.8%
2001[25] 4.4% 3.9% 3.9% 4.0% 4.0% 4.0% 3.7% 4.0% 4.0% 4.3% 4.2% 3.8% Decrease 4.0%
2002[26] 4.1% 3.7% 4.1% 4.0% 4.5% 4.1% 4.3% 4.1% 4.2% 3.4% 3.2% 3.2% Decrease 3.9%
2003[27] 4.1% 4.2% 4.0% 4.8% 5.1% 5.6% 5.1% 4.9% 4.7% 4.8% 4.6% 4.6% Increase 4.7%
2004[28] 4.5% 4.5% 5.3% 5.1% 5.1% 4.8% 5.2% 4.9% 5.4% 4.9% 4.7% 4.5% Increase 4.9%
2005[29] 4.4% 4.7% 4.4% 4.0% 4.4% 4.3% 4.2% 4.0% 4.0% 4.3% 3.9% 3.7% Decrease 4.2%
2006[30] 3.8% 3.6% 3.7% 3.9% 3.8% 3.4% 3.9% 4.0% 3.8% 3.9% 3.9% 3.8% Decrease 3.8%
2007[31] 3.4% 3.7% 3.7% 4.1% 4.0% 4.1% 4.2% 4.1% 3.7% 3.8% 3.8% 3.9% Increase 3.9%
2008[32] 3.6% 3.9% 4.0% 4.1% 4.3% 3.5% 4.1% 3.8% 3.8% 3.7% 3.6% 3.6% Decrease 3.8%
2009[33] 3.7% 3.7% 3.9% 4.2% 4.1% 4.3% 4.1% 4.0% 3.7% 4.0% 3.9% 4.0% Increase 3.9%
2010[34] 3.8% 3.8% 4.0% 4.0% 4.0% 3.5% 3.9% 3.9% 3.7% 3.7% 3.7% 3.6% Decrease 3.8%
2011[35] 3.4% 3.5% 3.4% 3.5% 3.6% 3.7% 3.7% 3.7% 3.6% 3.7% 3.7% 3.8% Decrease 3.6%
2012[36] 3.6% 3.7% 3.9% 3.8% 4.0% 3.7% 4.3% 4.1% 4.1% 4.2% 4.5% 4.3% Increase 4.0%
2013[37] 3.9% 4.1% 4.1% 4.1% 4.3% 4.1% 4.3% 4.4% 4.0% 4.2% 4.4% 4.3% Increase 4.2%
2014[38] 3.9% 3.8% 3.8% 4.1% 4.0% 3.4% 3.6% 3.9% 3.9% 3.9% 4.0% 3.9% Decrease 3.9%
2015[39] 3.6% 3.7% 4.0% 3.9% 3.8% 3.7% 3.8% 3.5% 3.6% 3.5% 3.2% 3.3% Decrease 3.7%
2016[40] 3.3% 3.6% 3.5% 3.7% 3.8% 3.2% 3.4% 3.3% 3.5% 3.5% 3.5% 3.2% Decrease 3.5%
2017[41] 3.1% 3.1% 3.2% 3.2% 3.2% 3.2% 3.4% 3.1% 2.9% 3.1% 3.1% 3.2% Decrease 3.2%
2018[42] 2.9% 3.1% 3.0% 3.0%

The average age of the viewers is 43.5 years (as of 2016).[43]

References

  1. ^ Infosat No. 61 (April 1993). "RTL II sendet!", pp. 10.
  2. ^ "Mehr als 1.300 Programmstunden von RTL II im Internet: Neues Video-on-Demand Angebot www.RTL2now.de gestartet". RTL Interactive (in German). 2 February 2012.
  3. ^ "RTLZWEI präsentiert neues Design". presseportal.de. 7 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  4. ^ http://www.dwdl.de/nachrichten/45926/andreas_bartl_wird_neuer_rtliigeschaeftsfuehrer/
  5. ^ a b c "Operations - Television -Germany - RTL II". RTL Group. 19 October 2009. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  6. ^ "Bauer Media Group: Beteiligungen". Bauermedia.com. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  7. ^ "RTL II verzichtet komplett auf Sitcoms –". Quotenmeter.de. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  8. ^ "Gute Quoten für RTL-II-Fantasy-Serie "Game of Thrones" in drei Blöcken - SPIEGEL ONLINE". Spiegel.de. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  9. ^ ""The Walking Dead": Erneut voller Erfolg für RTL II". DWDL.de. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  10. ^ "Animedigital-Conan Cuts". Animedigital.de. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  11. ^ "Animedigital-Inuyasha Cuts". Animedigital.de. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  12. ^ "Animedigital-One Piece Cuts". Op-cuts.animedigital.de. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  13. ^ "Animedigital-Naruto Cuts". Animedigital.de. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  14. ^ Schnittberichte.com-Naruto
  15. ^ "RTL II verlagert seine Animes komplett ins Internet". DWDL.de. 26 February 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  16. ^ ""Bollywood ist für uns ein Imageprodukt": RTL II mag es indisch". DWDL.de. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  17. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1993" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  18. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1994" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  19. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1995" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  20. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1996" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  21. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1997" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  22. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1998" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  23. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1999" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  24. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2000" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  25. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2001" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  26. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2002" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  27. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2003" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  28. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2004" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  29. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2005" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  30. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2006" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  31. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2007" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  32. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2008" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  33. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2009" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  34. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2010" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  35. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2011" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  36. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2012" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  37. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2013" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  38. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2014" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 February 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  39. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2015" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  40. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2016" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  41. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2017" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 November 2017. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  42. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2018" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  43. ^ Mantel, Uwe (14 March 2017). "Langzeit-Entwicklung des TV-Markts: Wie die Sender gealtert sind - und wer sich dagegen stemmt". dwdl.de. Retrieved 3 November 2017.

External links

This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 03:49
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