To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

RAF Steeple Morden

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

RAF Steeple Morden
USAAF Station 122
Steeple Morden, Cambridgeshire, England
Steeple Morden Airfield - 13 April 1947
Coordinates52°04′N 0°06′W / 52.06°N 0.10°W / 52.06; -0.10
TypeRoyal Air Force station
Site information
OwnerAir Ministry
Controlled by Royal Air Force
US Army Air Corps Hap Arnold Wings.svg
 United States Army Air Forces
Site history
Built1940 (1940)
Built byJohn Laing & Son Ltd.
In use1940-1946 (1946)
Battles/warsEuropean Theatre of World War II
Air Offensive, Europe July 1942 - May 1945
Garrison information
GarrisonRAF Bomber Command
Eighth Air Force
RAF Fighter Command
Occupants3d Reconnaissance Group
355th Fighter Group
4th Fighter Group
Lockheed F-4-1-LO Lightning Serial 41-2135 of the 3d Photo Recon Group. This aircraft crashed on 23 October 1942.
Lockheed F-4-1-LO Lightning Serial 41-2135 of the 3d Photo Recon Group. This aircraft crashed on 23 October 1942.

Royal Air Force Steeple Morden or more simply RAF Steeple Morden is a former Royal Air Force station located 3.5 miles (5.6 km) west of Royston, Hertfordshire, England.


RAF Bomber Command use

Between 1940 and September 1942, Steeple Morden was a grass satellite dispersal airfield[1] used by No. 11 Operational Training Unit of RAF Bomber Command flying Vickers Wellingtons from RAF Bassingbourn.[2]

During this time No. 3 (Coastal) Operational Training Unit RAF (OTU) also used the airfield.[3]


When the airfield was turned over for American use, Steeple Morden was assigned USAAF designation Station 122. Hard-surface runways were laid down, along with concrete hardstands and a permanent T-2 hangar.[1]

3d Photographic Reconnaissance Group

Although not planned for use until 1943 Steeple Morden was first used by the United States Army Air Forces Eighth Air Force 3d Photographic Reconnaissance Group, arriving from RAF Membury on 16 October 1942. The 3d consisted of the 5th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th and 23d squadrons and only stayed at the airfield until 10 December, departing for La Senia Algeria as part of Operation Torch.[4][5]

During the stay of the 3d PRG, Lieutenant-Colonel Elliott Roosevelt, son of Franklin D. Roosevelt served as commander and also flew an F-4 "Lightning".[1]

Between January 1943 and May 1943 the airfield was used by No. 17 OTU which used Bristol Blenheims.[2]

355th Fighter Group

With the departure of the photo-recon squadrons, the 355th Fighter Group, arrived from Philadelphia Municipal Airport on 9 July 1943.[6] The group was under the command of the 65th Fighter Wing of the VIII Fighter Command. Aircraft of the group were identified by white around their cowling and tail.[7]

The group consisted of the following squadrons:[7]

The 355th FG flew its first combat mission, a fighter sweep over Belgium, on 14 September 1943 and afterwards served primarily as escort for Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress/Consolidated B-24 Liberator bombers that attacked industrial areas of Berlin, marshalling yards at Karlsruhe, an airfield at Neuberg, oil refineries at Misburg, synthetic oil plants at Gelsenkirchen, locks at Minden, and other objectives. The group also flew fighter sweeps, area patrols, and bombing missions, striking such targets as air parks, locomotives, bridges, radio stations, and armoured cars.[8]

On 5 April 1944, shortly after converting from Republic P-47 Thunderbolts to North American P-51 Mustangs, the group successfully bombed and strafed German airfields during a snow squall, a mission for which the group was awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation.[8]

The group provided fighter cover for Allied forces landing in Normandy on 6 June 1944, and afterwards hit transportation facilities to cut enemy supply lines. Hit fuel dumps, locomotives, and other targets in support of ground forces during the breakthrough at Saint-Lô in July.[8]

The 355th Fighter Group flew its last combat mission on 25 April 1945. On 3 July the group transferred to Gablingen, Germany for duty with United States Air Forces in Europe as part of the army of occupation.[8] Transferred, without personnel and equipment, to Mitchel Field New York on 1 August 1946, and was inactivated on 20 November.[6]

Republic P-47D-4-RA Thunderbolt Serial 42-22784 of the 357th Fighter Squadron.
Republic P-47D-4-RA Thunderbolt Serial 42-22784 of the 357th Fighter Squadron.
North American P-51B-15-NA Mustang Serial 42-106950 "The Iowa Beaut" of the 354th Fighter Squadron. This aircraft was lost on 11 September 1944 - Capt Kevin G Rafferty KIA.
North American P-51B-15-NA Mustang Serial 42-106950 "The Iowa Beaut" of the 354th Fighter Squadron. This aircraft was lost on 11 September 1944 - Capt Kevin G Rafferty KIA.

4th Fighter Group

The 4th Fighter Group transferred to Steeple Morden in July 1945 replacing the 355th FG. The unit stayed until November when it returned to Camp Kilmer New Jersey and was inactivated.[9]

The group consisted of the following squadrons:[10]

Postwar use

With the departure of the Americans, Steeple Morden was transferred to RAF Fighter Command on 1 November 1945 and then was closed down on 1 September 1946 and abandoned. It was sold to private interests between 1960 and 1961 and was largely returned to agriculture.[1]

Current use

With the end of military control, Steeple Morden was returned to agricultural use. The former airfield is virtually unrecognizable. A few single-width concrete farm roads, which are remnants of the perimeter track and runways are all that remains.[11]

See also


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website


  1. ^ a b c d Freeman 2001, p. 209.
  2. ^ a b "RAF Steeple Morden airfield". Control Towers. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Steeple Morden". Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
  4. ^ Maurer 1980, p. 33.
  5. ^ Maurer 1980, p. 34.
  6. ^ a b Maurer 1980, p. 237.
  7. ^ a b "355th Fighter Group". Mighty 8th Cross-Reference. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Maurer 1980, p. 236.
  9. ^ Maurer 1980, p. 36.
  10. ^ "4th Fighter Group". Mighty 8th Cross-Reference. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
  11. ^ Freeman 2001, p. 211.


  • Freeman, R. Airfields of the Eighth - Then and Now. After the Battle. London, UK: Battle of Britain International Ltd., 2001. ISBN 0-9009-13-09-6.
  • Maurer, M. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. USAF Historical Division. Washington D.C., USA: Zenger Publishing Co., Inc, 1980. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  • Wells,K A Village Airfield at War . UK: Egon Publishers Ltd, 1993. ISBN 9780905858876.

External links

This page was last edited on 7 June 2020, at 14:24
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.