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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

RAF Catterick
Catterick, North Yorkshire in England
331Catterick.jpg
Spitfires of 331 Squadron at RAF Catterick in spring 1942
RAF Catterick badge.jpg
Vigilance and Knowledge[1]
RAF Catterick is located in North Yorkshire
RAF Catterick
RAF Catterick
Location in North Yorkshire
Coordinates54°21′55″N 001°37′11″W / 54.36528°N 1.61972°W / 54.36528; -1.61972
TypeRoyal Air Force station
Site information
OwnerMinistry of Defence
OperatorRoyal Flying Corps (1914–1918)
British Army (1927–1939)
Royal Air Force (1918–1927 and 1939–1994)
ConditionTransferred to the British Army and became Marne Barracks.
Site history
Built1914 (1914)
In use1914–1994 (1994)
FateClosed
Airfield information
Elevation52 metres (171 ft) AMSL
Runways
Direction Length and surface
10/28 1,020 metres (3,346 ft) Concrete

Royal Air Force Catterick or RAF Catterick is a former Royal Air Force airfield located near Catterick, North Yorkshire in England. It is located alongside the A6055 road on the outskirts of Catterick Village.

The station closed in 1994 and was transferred to the British Army to become Marne Barracks. Operationally it falls under the command of Catterick Garrison. It currently houses 5th Regiment Royal Artillery and 32 Engineer Regiment.

History

Catterick airfield or Catterick Airdrome/Aerodrome first opened in 1914 as a Royal Flying Corps aerodrome with the role of training pilots and to assist in the defence of the North East of England. It came under RAF administration in 1918 and housed Number 49 Training Depot.[2]

In 1927, it temporarily came under the administration of the British Army, under the Army Air Co-Operation Command which would supply the army with any air support needs that would be required. This continued until 1939 when the station was handed back to the RAF.

During the Second World War, the airfield operated a small satellite station called RAF Scorton near the village of Scorton.

Catterick's runway could not be extended from its existing 3,350 ft (1,020 m) for the jet age due to the perimeter being bounded by the Great North Road (A1) and the River Swale. Therefore, Catterick's importance declined after the Second World War, though it still housed training institutes for many years.

Royal Air Force units

The following squadrons have at some points been stationed at RAF Catterick:

1-99 Squadrons
100-199 Squadrons
200-299 Squadrons
300-399 Squadrons
400-499 Squadrons
500-599 Squadrons
600-699 Squadrons
Other units
  • No. 6 Reserve Aeroplane Squadron, No. 6 Reserve Squadron, No. 6 Training Squadron, No. 14 Reserve Aeroplane Squadron, No. 14 Reserve Squadron, No. 14 Training Squadron, No. 37 Reserve Squadron, No. 46 Training Squadron, No. 49 Training Depot Station, No. 52 Training Squadron, No. 83 (Canadian) Reserve Squadron, No. 88 (Canadian) Reserve Squadron, No. 645 Gliding School RAF(VR)T(Air Training Corps), and No. 645 Volunteer Gliding School RAF.[19]

Royal Air Force Regiment

RAF Catterick was home to the RAF Regiment Depot between 1946 and 1994
RAF Catterick was home to the RAF Regiment Depot between 1946 and 1994

Catterick served as a RAF Regiment depot occupied by operational Squadrons and was the training base for the RAF Regiment from 1946-1994 when the Regiment's training facilities moved to RAF Honington. Catterick was also the training centre for the RAF Fire Service until the 1990s. As a fire school it had a "rescue set" the mock up of a house to simulate search and rescue scenarios. It also had a burning area where ex service aircraft were covered in fuel and set alight including in 1983 two complete Avro Vulcan Bomber's. There were also a number of retired airframes used for practice rescues and deployments. The Fire Fighting & Rescue squadron moved to RAF Manston in 1989.

The following RAF Regiment units were here at some point:[19]

Marne Barracks

The RAF station closed on 30 June 1994 with the RAF Regiment depot moving to RAF Honington.[20] The site was then transferred to the British Army to become Marne Barracks is part of the Catterick Garrison complex. A number of establishments exist on the barracks, including a HUB bar, a Londis shop, a PRI shop, a hairdresser, and a gymnasium.[21] The barracks have had upgraded accommodation installed as part of Project SLAM (Single Living Accommodation Modernisation). This has been undertaken by Corus.[22] BAM Construction have also undertaken the conversion of some of the old RAF hangars to maintenance depots for the Land Rovers utilised by the two regiments.[23]

In popular culture

RAF Catterick was used as the fictional RAF Halfpenny Field for the 1945 film The Way to the Stars,[24] and some of the airfield locations remain little changed.[25]

Motorsport

Between 1958 and 1963, the airfield was partly used as a race track, under the name of Catterick Circuit.[26]

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ Pine, L G (1983). A Dictionary of mottoes (1 ed.). London: Routledge & K. Paul. p. 252. ISBN 0-7100-9339-X.
  2. ^ "Catterick Ops". Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  3. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 30.
  4. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 33.
  5. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 38.
  6. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 39.
  7. ^ a b Jefford 1988, p. 42.
  8. ^ a b Jefford 1988, p. 45.
  9. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 46.
  10. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 49.
  11. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 51.
  12. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 85.
  13. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 86.
  14. ^ a b Jefford 1988, p. 87.
  15. ^ a b Jefford 1988, p. 89.
  16. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 95.
  17. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 98.
  18. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 99.
  19. ^ a b "Catterick". Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  20. ^ March, Peter R. (1998). Brace by Wire to Fly by Wire. RAF Fairford, Gloucestershire, England: Royal Air Force Benevolent Fund Enterprises. p. 162. ISBN 1 899808 06 X.
  21. ^ "Life In 5th Regiment Royal Artillery". The Royal Artillery Association. Archived from the original on 3 October 2006. Retrieved 14 June 2017.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  22. ^ "Marne Barracks case study" (PDF). Corus. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
  23. ^ "Marne Barracks". BAM Construction. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
  24. ^ "RAF Catterick airfield - The Way to the Stars". Control Towers.co.uk. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  25. ^ "Way to the Stars, The". Reelstreets. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  26. ^ Swinger, Peter (2008). Motor Racing Circuits in England : Then & Now. Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 0 7110 3104 5.

Bibliography

  • Halpenny, B, B. Action Stations: Military Airfields of Yorkshire v. 4.Patrick Stephens Ltd, 1982. ISBN 978-0850595321.
  • Jefford, C.G. RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 14:28
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