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Río Grande Municipality, Zacatecas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Río Grande
Main plaza of the town of Río Grande
Main plaza of the town of Río Grande
Official seal of Río Grande
Seal
Motto(s): 
Unión, trabajo y progreso (Union, work and progress)
Location in Zacatecas
Location in Zacatecas
Río Grande is located in Mexico
Río Grande
Río Grande
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 23°49′21″N 103°02′11″W / 23.82250°N 103.03639°W / 23.82250; -103.03639[1]
Country Mexico
State Zacatecas
Established29 October 1833
SeatRío Grande
Government
 • PresidentJulio César Ramírez López
Area
 • Total1,842.931 km2 (711.560 sq mi)
Elevation
[1] (of seat)
1,857 m (6,093 ft)
Highest elevation
[4] (Cerro Tetilla Grande)
2,370 m (7,780 ft)
Population
 (2010 Census)[3]
 • Total62,693
 • Estimate 
(2015 Intercensal Survey)[5]
63,880
 • Density34/km2 (88/sq mi)
 • Seat
32,944
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central)
Postal codes
98400–98429
Area code498
WebsiteOfficial website

Río Grande is a municipality in the Mexican state of Zacatecas.

Geography

The municipality of Río Grande is located in northern Zacatecas. It borders the municipalities of Miguel Auza, Juan Aldama, and General Francisco R. Murguía to the north, Villa de Cos to the east, Cañitas de Felipe Pescador to the southeast, Fresnillo and Saín Alto to the south, and Sombrerete to the west.[3] It covers an area of 1,842.931 square kilometres (711.560 sq mi) and comprises 2.4% of the state's area.[5]

Over 96% of the municipality's area lies in the drainage basin of the Aguanaval River, the main watercourse in the area which flows south to north through the municipality.[6] This river was known as the Río Grande in the 16th and 17th centuries despite its modest size.[7] The highest point in the municipality is the Cerro Tetilla Grande located at 23°41′N 102°51′W / 23.683°N 102.850°W / 23.683; -102.850 with an elevation of 2,370 metres (7,780 ft) above sea level.[4]

Río Grande's climate is semiarid temperate with an average annual temperature of 19 °C (66 °F).[8] Average annual precipitation ranges between 300 and 600 millimetres.[6]

Climate data for Río Grande weather station at 23°49′01″N 103°01′33″W / 23.81694°N 103.02583°W / 23.81694; -103.02583, 1902 m above sea level (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.5
(83.3)
30.0
(86.0)
33.5
(92.3)
36.0
(96.8)
37.0
(98.6)
37.0
(98.6)
34.0
(93.2)
34.0
(93.2)
32.5
(90.5)
31.0
(87.8)
31.5
(88.7)
30.0
(86.0)
37.0
(98.6)
Average high °C (°F) 20.4
(68.7)
22.5
(72.5)
26.0
(78.8)
29.0
(84.2)
31.0
(87.8)
30.0
(86.0)
28.0
(82.4)
27.6
(81.7)
25.8
(78.4)
24.8
(76.6)
22.9
(73.2)
20.9
(69.6)
25.7
(78.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
12.5
(54.5)
15.3
(59.5)
18.3
(64.9)
21.1
(70.0)
21.8
(71.2)
20.8
(69.4)
20.3
(68.5)
19.0
(66.2)
16.6
(61.9)
13.3
(55.9)
11.2
(52.2)
16.7
(62.1)
Average low °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
2.4
(36.3)
4.7
(40.5)
7.6
(45.7)
11.2
(52.2)
13.5
(56.3)
13.6
(56.5)
13.1
(55.6)
12.1
(53.8)
8.5
(47.3)
3.7
(38.7)
1.5
(34.7)
7.7
(45.9)
Record low °C (°F) −10.0
(14.0)
−5.5
(22.1)
−5.0
(23.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.0
(37.4)
6.0
(42.8)
3.0
(37.4)
8.0
(46.4)
4.0
(39.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
−11.0
(12.2)
−11.0
(12.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15.0
(0.59)
9.1
(0.36)
2.0
(0.08)
4.9
(0.19)
14.1
(0.56)
68.3
(2.69)
61.4
(2.42)
78.1
(3.07)
69.2
(2.72)
40.0
(1.57)
12.8
(0.50)
8.9
(0.35)
383.8
(15.11)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.6 1.4 0.7 1.2 3.1 8.5 9.8 12.1 9.9 4.8 2.5 2.3 58.9
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[9]

History

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish, the Río Grande area was inhabited by Chichimeca peoples such as the Guachichil and Irritila [es]. Oral history holds that a Spanish settlement was founded at Río Grande on 18 August 1562. The town was recognized by the Royal Audiencia of Guadalajara on March 5, 1689 under the name Santa Elena de Río Grande.[8]

Río Grande was first incorporated as an ayuntamiento in the partido of Nieves in Zacatecas on 29 October 1833. It became a free municipality on 19 August 1916.[10]

Administration

The municipal government comprises a president, a councillor (Spanish: síndico), and fourteen trustees (regidores), eight elected by relative majority and six by proportional representation.[11] The current president of the municipality is Julio César Ramírez López.[2]

Demographics

In the 2010 Mexican Census, the municipality of Río Grande recorded a population of 62,693 inhabitants living in 15,628 households.[12] It recorded a population of 63,880 inhabitants in the 2015 Intercensal Survey.[5]

There are 58 localities in the municipality,[1] two of which are classified as urban:

  • Río Grande, the municipal seat located on the Aguanaval River, which recorded a population of 32,944 inhabitants in the 2010 Census; and
  • Loreto, a suburb of the municipal seat located to its northeast, which had 2637 inhabitants in 2010.[12]

Economy

The main economic activity in Río Grande is agriculture.[8] Beans are its main crop; the municipality is located in the middle of Mexico's main bean-producing region.[13] The gross domestic product of the municipality was unofficially estimated at 2655.8 million Mexican pesos in 2010.[14]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Sistema Nacional de Información Municipal" (in Spanish). SEGOB. 2010. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "R. Ayuntamiento 2016-2018". Government of Río Grande. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "Río Grande: Datos generales". Cédulas de información municipal (in Spanish). SEDESOL. 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Cuaderno Estadística Municipal, Edicíon 1997: Río Grande, Estado de Zacatecas" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. 1998. p. 4. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  5. ^ a b c Panorama sociodemográfico de Zacatecas 2015 (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. 2016. p. 92. ISBN 978-607-739-890-5. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Compendio de Información Geográfica Municipal 2010: Río Grande, Zacatecas" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  7. ^ Bakewell, P. J. (1971). Silver Mining and Society in Colonial Mexico, Zacatecas 1546-1700. Cambridge University Press. pp. 2–3. ISBN 0521082277.
  8. ^ a b c "Río Grande". Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México (in Spanish). INAFED. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  9. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  10. ^ Estado de Zacatecas. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 59, 117. ISBN 970-13-1519-7.
  11. ^ "Bando de Policía y Buen Gobierno del Municipio de Río Grande, Zacatecas" (PDF). Catálogo de Localidades (in Spanish). Government of Río Grande. 4 December 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Resumen municipal: Municipio de Río Grande". Catálogo de Localidades (in Spanish). SEDESOL. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  13. ^ El Frijol en el Estado de Zacatecas (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. 1997. p. 19. ISBN 970-13-1677-0. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  14. ^ González-Estrada, Adrián; Gallegos-Cedillo, Gilberto (2014). "The gross domestic product of municipalities of Mexico: II. Estates M-Z" (PDF). Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas. 5 (8): 1405–1421. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 03:05
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