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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

RATP Group
TypeState-owned company
IndustryPublic transport
FoundedJanuary 1, 1949; 72 years ago (1949-01-01) in Paris, France
54, Quai de la Rapée
75012 Paris
Area served
Worldwide, with significant Île-de-France involvement
Key people
Catherine Guillouard (CEO)
Revenue€5.704 billion (2019)
Number of employees
64,000 (2019)
ParentGovernment of France
SubsidiariesRATP Capital Innovation
RATP Connect
RATP Coopération
RATP Habitat
RATP Real Estate
RATP Smart Systems
RATP Travel Retail

The RATP Group (French: Groupe RATP), best known as the RATP or Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (in English: Autonomous Parisian Transportation Administration), is a state-owned public transport operator and maintainer headquartered in Paris, France. Formed in 1949, it has its origins as the city's public transport operator. Its logo represents, in a stylised version, the Seine's meandering through the Paris area as the face of a person looking up.

Today, the RATP is still responsible for most of the public transport in the Greater Paris area, including the Paris Métro, Île-de-France tram and RATP Bus Network, as well as part of the regional express rail (RER) network. In the Île-de-France region, the RATP carries about 3.3 billion passengers per year.[1]

While RATP's Paris-related activities are still a major part of its business, its operations have extended since 2002 to include business around the globe in various modes of urban and regional transportation. RATP Dev, the Group's international operations and maintenance subsidiairy, is present in 13 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and North America.

In 2019, the Group's consolidated revenue was 5.704 billion euros; it employs 64,000 people.[1] The company qualfies itself as the fourth largest actor in public transport.[1]


RATP headquarters in Paris
RATP headquarters in Paris

The RATP was created on 1 January 1949 by combining the assets of the Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris (CMP), which operated the Paris Métro, and the Société des transports en commun de la région parisienne (STCRP), which operated the city's bus system.

Earlier, the CMP had absorbed the Société du Chemin de Fer Électrique Nord-Sud de Paris in 1930 and the Ligne de Sceaux in 1937, which extended commuter rail to the suburbs. The STCRP had been created on 1 January 1921 by the merger of about half a dozen independent bus and streetcar operators in the Paris area. By the time the STCRP was merged into the RATP, all of its streetcars had been replaced by bus routes.

In the early years of the 21st century, a partnership with the Transdev group resulted in RATP acquiring a minority shareholding in that group, with its many worldwide transport operations. However, in 2009, the Caisse des dépôts et consignations, the majority owner of the Transdev group, started negotiations with Veolia Environnement to merge Transdev with Veolia Transport. As part of the resulting agreement, made in May 2010, it was agreed that the RATP Group would take over ownership of some of Transdev's operations in lieu of cash payment for its holdings in Transdev. This had a considerable impact on RATP's international profile.[2][3][4]

In 2009, RATP entered the United States by purchasing transit contractor McDonald Transit Associates.[5] McDonald operated Fort Worth Transportation Authority (now Trinity Metro) in Texas, Votran in Florida, and Waco Transit System in Texas, among others.

On 1 August 2011, the RATP Group purchased Stagecoach Metrolink's contract to operate the Metrolink light rail system in Greater Manchester, England until July 2017.[6] Two years later, in 2013, RATP purchased the nearby long-established coach company, Selwyns Travel, a National Express operator.


The current president and CEO of the RATP, Catherine Guillouard, was nominated on 2 August 2017.[7] The previous RATP CEOs were Élisabeth Borne, Pierre Mongin and Anne-Marie Idrac.

Operations in Paris

Two MP 05 train sets of Paris Métro Line 1 at Bastille station.
Two MP 05 train sets of Paris Métro Line 1 at Bastille station.
RATP tram on tramway line T3a at Porte de Versailles.
RATP tram on tramway line T3a at Porte de Versailles.
RATP hybrid bus on Paris route 38.
RATP hybrid bus on Paris route 38.

In Paris, RATP operates, under its own name, on behalf of the Île-de-France Mobilités (IDFM), the Paris region transit authority. RATP's services constitute, in their own right, a multi-mode public transportation infrastructure, but also contribute to a larger multi-mode system extending out into the surrounding Île-de-France communities.

RATP's services in the Greater Paris area include:

Paris bus route 341 was RATP's first line equipped with 100% electric full-size buses (starting June 2016).[12]

Operations outside Paris

RATP Dev (Dev being a contraction of Développement, French for development[13]), established in 2002 as a 100% subsidiary of the RATP Group, provides operations and maintenance of passenger transport services outside of the "historical" RATP network in the Greater Paris area although it also operates some specialised services within Paris. RATP Dev is present in 13 countries, namely Algeria, Egypt, China's special administrative region Hong Kong, France, Italy, Morocco, the Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Wholly and partly owned operations include the following:[14][15][16]

Operations in France

Heavy rail

Other modes

Operations outside France

Heavy rail

Metro and tramway

A typical Hong Kong tram double-deck car.
A typical Hong Kong tram double-deck car.

Bus and coach

United Kingdom
United States
RATP Dev has numerous operations in the United States, including the DC Circulator.
RATP Dev has numerous operations in the United States, including the DC Circulator.

RATP operates various transportation systems in the United States under the name RATP Dev USA:

Other countries
  • Autolinee Toscane, a coach operator in Tuscany, Italy[67]
  • Cilia Italia, Lazio, Italy[68]
  • Riyadh (since 2014 set-up of the capital's future urban bus network with approximately 1,000 vehicles over three depots, and operations and maintenance for a duration of 10 years starting 2016, 20% share of a consortium with SAPTCO)[69][70][71]


RATP Dev manages touristic hop on hop off tour operations using double-decker buses: "Paris L'OpenTour" in Paris, The Original Tour in London (acquired in September 2014) and the Bath Bus Company in several cities in the United Kingdom (Bath, Cardiff, Eastbourne and Windsor.[72][73] As of 2021 RATP Dev will add a hop on hop off circuit in Brussels, Belgium, to its network (as part of an eight-year concession granted by STIB, 12 electric vehicles).[74]

"Slide Ealing" is a ride sharing minibus service (microtransit) launched 12 November 2019 in London, in partnership with MOIA.[75]

Since 2013, RATP Dev, in a consortium with TPG and Pomagalski, manages the Salève cable car, in the French Alps.[76] Ridership of the cable car has increased by 50% since 2013, notably after the introduction of shuttle buses from Annemasse and Saint-Julien-en-Genevois.[77] The contract of the RATP Dev-led consortium has been renewed in 2019 for 12 additional years, until 2031.[77]

RATP Dev established in 2018 a "regional office" in Singapore for Asia-Pacific albeit not having any operational activity in the city-state.[78] In December 2020, RATP Dev and SBS Transit announced a partnership for future rail projects in Singapore, without referencing specific commercial targets.[79]

Former operations


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  3. ^ "Completion of the merger of Veolia Transport and Transdev". Transdev. Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
  4. ^ "The new scale of the RATP Group". RATP. 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
  5. ^ "RATP Dev North America adopts one brand". Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  6. ^ "RATP buys Manchester Metrolink operator". Railway Gazette International. 2 August 2011.
  7. ^ Décret du 2 août 2017 portant nomination de la présidente-directrice générale de la Régie autonome des transports parisiens - Mme GUILLOUARD (Catherine), retrieved 2018-04-14
  8. ^ Île-de-France Mobilités - Omnil (9 October 2016). "Caractéristiques du réseau, accessibilité et intermodalité" (in French). Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  9. ^ The figure of "302" (stations) does not include the fictional Montmartre funicular station. The latter is indeed considered as a metro station by RATP and statistically attached to line 2, which explains why RATP announces 303 stations and not 302.
  10. ^ Orlyval is part of the "historic" RATP network but operated by RATP Dev, on behalf of RATP.
  11. ^ Line T4 is operated by SNCF and line T11 is operated by Transkeo.
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External links

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