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Quarry Hill, Leeds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Quarry House at Quarry Hill
Quarry House at Quarry Hill
Quarry Hill Flats in 1943
Quarry Hill Flats in 1943

Quarry Hill is an area of central Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. It is bounded by the Leeds Inner Ring Road in the east and north and the Leeds – York / Hull railway in the south. The area falls within the City and Hunslet ward of Leeds City Council.

History

Quarry Hill was originally an inner-city area of Leeds.

Three churches have historically been located on Quarry Hill. The Old Boggart House was the first purpose built Methodist chapel in Leeds.[1] It was demolished following the opening of the adjacent St Peter's Chapel in 1834. The site is marked by a blue plaque on the steps leading to the Leeds Playhouse.

Leeds Methodist Pioneers Plaque
Leeds Methodist Pioneers Plaque

Quarry Hill Ebenezer Primitive Methodist chapel, originally called "Chapel Street Chapel", was opened in 1822,[2] new frontage was added in 1846 and the chapel was enlarged in 1874. It closed in 1933.[3] St Mary's Church,[4] a Commissioners' Church, architect Thomas Taylor,[5] was located on St Mary's Street. Located on the top of the hill, looking over New York Road towards the city centre, and known both as "St. Mary's Mabgate" and "St. Mary's Quarry Hill",[6] the site is now a Diocesan Office. The Sunday school remains, as does the burial ground, a green area sloping down to Mabgate. A past resident of the Quarry Hill area was Mary Fitzpatrick, a robber and suspected murderer.[7][8]

Between 1938 and 1978 Quarry Hill was the location of what was at the time the largest social housing complex in the United Kingdom. The building was designed in 1934 by R. A. H. Livett (1898–1959), the Director of Housing and later City Architect for Leeds. Its design was influenced strongly by modernist developments in Europe, specifically the Karl-Marx-Hof in Vienna, Austria, and La Cité de la Muette in Paris, France.[9] The development was noted for its sheer size and modernist design. It had then radical and modern features such as solid fuel ranges, electric lighting, a state-of-the-art refuse disposal system (Garchey) and communal facilities including a swimming pool.[10] Due to social problems and poor maintenance, the Quarry Hill Flats were demolished in 1978.[11]

Current

Since the 1980s, Quarry Hill has been a focus for regeneration within Leeds, and today is home to the West Yorkshire Playhouse, now known as Leeds Playhouse, which opened in 1990, Yorkshire Dance,[12] established in 1982,[13] Quarry House (a Department of Health and Department for Work and Pensions building with a social/leisure complex, which opened in 1993), the BBC Yorkshire building, the Leeds Conservatoire (formerly Leeds College of Music) [14] and the Northern Ballet building which opened in 2010. Centenary Square and the Playhouse Square are located at Quarry Hill. The regeneration has seen Quarry Hill become disassociated with East Leeds, and become part of central Leeds.

Quarry House was constructed on the site of the former Quarry Hill Flats.[15]

Leeds City College built a creative arts and health, care and public services campus, designed by Ellis Williams Architects, on the north-west of the site, which opened in September 2019.[16] Part of the college building is used by Leeds Conservatoire.

In the media

Quarry Hill is the area where the nurses work in The Steeple Street Trilogy by Donna Douglas. "Agnes finds herself facing unexpected challenges as she is assigned to Quarry Hill, one of the city’s most notorious slums"

Further reading

  • Mitchell, Peter (1990). Memento Mori: Flats at Quarry Hill, Leeds. Skipton: Dalesman Publishing. ISBN 9781870071482.
  • Ravetz, Alison (1974). Model estate: planned housing at Quarry Hill, Leeds. London: Croom Helm. ISBN 9780856641657.

References

  1. ^ "Methodists celebrate 200 years of Mission". The Methodist Church. 27 September 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  2. ^ Ross, Rev. H. (1922). "Quarry Hill P.M. Church, Leeds – A Centenary Sketch" (PDF). Primitive Methodist Magazine. No. 456. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  3. ^ Hill, Christopher (10 February 2016). "Leeds Quarry Hill Ebenezer Primitive Methodist chapel". My Primitive Methodists. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  4. ^ Hudson, Neil (7 October 2010). "The Seven Lost Wonders of Leeds". Yorkshire Evening Post. Archived from the original on 5 May 2016. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  5. ^ Green, Edward (2006). "Dr Hook's Missing Churches: The vanishing legacy of Victorian church architecture in Leeds". The Building Conservation Directory and Historic Churches. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  6. ^ "St Mary's Church". Leodis, a photographic archive of Leeds. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  7. ^ "Yorkshire Assizes". York Herald. 4 November 1882. p. 3 col5. Retrieved 19 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  8. ^ "Alleged murder by a woman at Leeds". Hull Packet. 15 September 1882. p. 5 col6. Retrieved 19 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  9. ^ Wrathmell, Susan (2005). Leeds. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 171. ISBN 9780300107364.
  10. ^ "Leeds nostalgia: Memories of Quarry Hill flats almost 40 years on..." Yorkshire Evening Post. 6 February 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  11. ^ "The history of Quarry Hill". BBC Leeds. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  12. ^ "Contact us". Yorkshire Dance. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  13. ^ Javin, Val (11 October 2012). "Yorkshire Dance needs you to help celebrate its 30th birthday". Huddersfield Examiner. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  14. ^ Leeds Conservatoire, accessed 14 October 2020
  15. ^ "Footbridge over York Road Flyover, Inner Ring Road (during construction of Quarry House)". Leodis, a photographic archive of Leeds. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
  16. ^ "Quarry Hill Campus". Leeds City College. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  17. ^ Wainwright, Martin (4 October 2004). "My Leeds". The Guardian. London. p. 14.
  18. ^ "Slideshow: Hidden six decades, RAF's eye view of Leeds". Weekly News. Leeds. 9 October 2013.
This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 19:24
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