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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The word Qadiani is a religious slur used to refer to Ahmadi Muslims. It is also called the Q-word by Ahmadis. The use of Qadiani is primarily in Pakistan.[1] The term has even been used in official Pakistani documents.[2]

The term originates from Qadian, a small town in northern India, the birthplace of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founder of the Ahmadiyya movement. The term Qadiani is pejorative to the Ahmadiyya Muslim.[3]

Etymology and history

The term originates from the town of Qadian which was the birthplace of Ahmadiyya's founder Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. While it is pejorative[3] to the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, it is used in official Pakistani documents.[2]

Pakistan officially persecutes Ahmadiyya and uses the term Qadiani to label members of the religion. Pakistan's Second Amendment to the Constitution officially declares Ahmadiyya to be non-Muslims.[4] Ordinance XX officially labels Ahmadi Muslims as Qadiani and prohibits from any religious or social practices of the Muslim faith.[5] The fourth caliph of the community Mirza Tahir Ahmad was forced to flee Pakistan under threat of arrest in 1984, prompting a diaspora of followers to the UK, Germany, and Canada.[6] Ahmadiyya members are targets of death threats by majority Muslims, both inside Pakistan and in diaspora refuges.[7]

Usage

The term is sometimes used in an academic context for the Ahmadis, referred to as Qadiani. In 1953, the Qadiani Problem book was published by Sayyid Maududi.[8] Ehsan Elahi Zaheer also wrote a book named "Qadiyania" criticizing Ahmadis.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Antonio R. Gualtieri (1989). Conscience and Coercion: Ahmadis and Orthodoxy in Pakistan. Guernica Editions. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-920717-41-7.
  2. ^ a b Pakistan Penal Code Chap. XV "Of Offences Relating to Religion" pp. 79–81
  3. ^ a b Farahnaz Ispahani (2 January 2017). Purifying the Land of the Pure: A History of Pakistan's Religious Minorities. Oxford University Press. pp. 105–. ISBN 978-0-19-062167-4.
  4. ^ "Constitution (Second Amendment) Act, 1974". The Constitution of Pakistan. pakistani.org. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  5. ^ Berberian, Linda J. (1987). "Pakistan Ordinance XX of 1984: International Implications on Human Rights". Loyola of Los Angeles International and Comparative Law Review. 9 (3). Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  6. ^ "Hadhrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad, Muslim Spiritual Leader,74". New York Times. 17 May 2003. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  7. ^ Taylor, Jerome (21 October 2010). "Hardliners call for deaths of Surrey Muslims". The Independent (UK). Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  8. ^ Abul Ala, Maududi (1953). The Qadiani Problem (full text) (PDF). Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  9. ^ Allama ehsan elahi zaheer. Qadiyania.


This page was last edited on 11 June 2021, at 15:08
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