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Punjab Police (India)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Punjab Police
Logo of Punjab Police Department
Logo of Punjab Police Department
AbbreviationP.P.
Mottoਸ਼ੁਭ ਕਰਮਨ ਤੇ ਕਬਹੁੰ ਨਾ ਟਰੋਂ
Shubh karman te kabhun nan taron
(Punjabi:"Let me never deviate from doing a righteous deed")
Agency overview
Formed1861
Employees70000[1]
Annual budget6,452 crore (US$900 million) (2019-20 est.) [2]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionPunjab, IN
India Punjab locator map.svg
Map of Punjab Police's jurisdiction
Governing bodyGovernment of Punjab (India)
General nature
Operational structure
HeadquartersChandigarh
Elected officer responsible
Agency executive
Facilities
Motorcycle, Jeep, Cars, Buses, Truck and Armoured Vehicles3083[3]
Notables
Anniversary
  • 21 October
Website
punjabpolice.gov.in

The Punjab Police (abbreviated as PP) is the police agency responsible for law enforcement and investigations within the state of Punjab, India. Punjab Police has a broad array of specialized services, including the prevention and detection of crime, maintenance of law and order and the enforcement of the Constitution of India. Its headquarters are located at Jan Marg, Chandigarh. On 7 September 2011, Punjab Police started a video conferencing service to redress problems of NRIs.[4] The present DGP of Punjab Police is Dinkar Gupta since 7 February 2019.[5] He is an IPS officer of 1987 batch.

History

After Indian independence, Punjab police were initially responsible for the protection of the Indo-Pakistan as well as Indo-Chinese borders before BSF and ITBP were created.[6]

Rapid Rural Police Response System

Punjab to be the first state of India to have Rapid Rural Police Response System which provides City PCR-like response service in rural areas.[7] As Punjab Police adopted Computer-Aided-Dispatch (CAD) system for Dial 100 system, 289 four-wheelers and 724 GPS fitted motorcycles are being used.[8][9]

Punjab Highway Patrol

Punjab Police have global positioning system (GPS) tracker and vehicle registration search device equipped highway patrol vehicles.[10]

Crime Investigation Agency (CIA Staff)

Crime Investigation Agency or CIA staff is a special branch of Punjab Police. The crucial or unsolved criminal cases like smuggling, kidnapping, narcotics, terrorism, murder, etc. are handed over to them. This branch of police is known for its ways to interrogate the culprit who committed the crime.

Night Policing Scheme

Punjab is first state in the country to launch Night policing scheme with independent cadre, command and structure of 4,000 strong police force[11] for prevention of offences at night time.[12]

Punjab Bureau of Investigation

Punjab Bureau of Investigation was setup in 2019 with 4521 dedicated new posts.[13][14][15] Punjab is the first State of India that have formed Bureau of Investigation and separated law & order duties from investigation functions by bringing all investigation staff of 7,772 under a unified wing command.[16][17] The Bureau of Investigation would conduct investigation into civil and criminal cases registered at various police stations[18] and is equipped with:

  • Mobile forensic evidence collection units
  • Regional forensic science labs
  • Modern cyber crime unit
  • Modern interview rooms
  • Modern women police stations in all districts[19]

Training centres

  1. Police Recruits Training Centre, (PRTC) Jahan Khelan
  2. Punjab Police Academy, (PPA) Phillaur
  3. Commando Training Centre, (CTC) Bahadurgarh, Patiala

Police Recruits Training Centre (PRTC): It is located at Jahan Khelan, which is about 10  km from Hoshiarpur on the Una road. PRTC Jahan Khelan is headed by a Commandant. This is a subsidiary training centre of the Punjab Police Academy. It caters to the teaching and training needs of the newly recruited police constables and also organizes several other courses. It is the oldest and premier police training centre of Northern area and is functioning in this campus since November 1947 after shifting from fort Gobindgarh, Amritsar.

Commando training centre

Punjab Police has a commando training centre at Fort Bahadurgarh in Patiala.[20]

Armed Battalions

  • Punjab Armed Police
  • India Reserve Battalions
  • Punjab Commando Police

The headquarters of the Punjab Armed Police are located at Jalandhar while the India Reserve Battalions are stationed at Sangrur, Amritsar, Patiala, Ludhiana and Jalandhar and the Punjab Commando Police at Bahadurgarh (Patiala) and S.A.S. Nagar (Mohali).

Weapons and Equipment

PP was equipped with .303 rifles, AK-47,AK-56 and 561 Sten Guns but modernisation with advanced weapons is now taking place.[21]

Vehicles

Punjab Police have 3083 vehicles[3] and patrol cars like Mahindra Scorpio Getaways[22][23] and Maruti Gypsys.[24] PP also have motorcycles equipped with GPS and Multi Utility Vehicles equipped with GPS and CCTV cameras.[25]

Cyber Crime Cell Punjab

Punjab Police have a dedicated cybercrime cell to deal with cybercrime in the state headed by IG ranked police officer having office in Phase 4, S.A.S Nagar.

Punjab SWAT

Punjab Police Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) was formed in 2010.[26][27] They are usually tasked with protection duties.[28] They are highly trained on the lines of National Security Guard by Israel's Mossad[29] through private company Athena Security, deployed by the Punjab Government.[30] All the commandos are under 28 years of age, thus making them fit and capable of tasks meant for commandos. Their main work is to fight against any terrorist attack if it occurs in Punjab State. They have been trained exclusively in Krav Maga, room intervention, close and open techniques and other secret tactics.[31]

The SWAT is provided with various state-of-art equipment and the latest technology.[32] The teams are provided with:

  • Bullet-proof transport
  • Lightweight bullet-proof jackets and helmets
  • Hands-free radio sets
  • Complete anti-trauma bodysuit with level-2 protection
  • Riot control helmet
  • Gas masks
  • Shock shields
  • Laser guns
  • Gas guns and
  • Pepper gun launcher

Weapons

Major operation

Punjab SWAT very efficiently handled counter-terrorism operation at Dina Nagar[33] Police Station in 2015 Gurdaspur attack[34][35] by killing all 3 suspected Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorists.[36]

Commemoration Day

Every year, 21 October is celebrated as Commemoration Day by Punjab Police.[37]

Hierarchy

Officers

  • Director General of Police (DGP)
  • Additional Director General of Police
  • Inspector General of Police (IGP)
  • Deputy Inspector General of Police
  • Senior Superintendent of Police
  • Superintendent of Police (SP)
  • Additional Superintendent of Police
  • Assistant SP (IPS) or Deputy SP (PPS)

Sub-ordinates

  • Inspector of Police
  • Sub-Inspector of Police (SI)
  • Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police (ASI)
  • Head Constable
  • Senior Constable
  • Constable

Office Holders

Following is the list of all the major IPS Officeholders in Punjab Police.

Sr. Rank Name Year of Allotment Current Posting Date of retirement
1 Dinkar Gupta 1987 DGP PUNJAB 31.03.2024
2 S. Chattopadhayaya 1986 DGP/HRD, Pb., Chg. 31.03.2022
3 M.K. Tiwari 1987 DGP-cum-MD, Punjab Police Housing Corporation, Chandigarh. 28.02.2022
4 V.K. Bhawra 1987 DGP INT 31.05.2024
5 Prabodh Kumar 1988 Director/Bureau of Investigation, Pb., Chg. 31.01.2025
6 Rohit Choudhary 1988 ADGP/PRISIONS 31.03.2022
7 Iqbal Preet Singh Sahota 1988 ADGP/RAILWAY 31.08.2022
8 Sanjeev Kumar Kalra 1989 ADGP/Welfare, Pb., Chg. 28.02.2026
9 Parag Jain 1989 On Central Deputation (Jt. Secy., Cabinet Sectt., Govt. of India, New Delhi.) 31.12.2026
17 Barjinder Kumar Uppal 1991 DGP-cum-Chief Director, Vigilance Bureau, Pb., Chg. 31.05.2022
19 Sharad Satya Chauhan (Dr.) 1992 ADGP/Policy & Rules, Pb.,Chg. 31.03.2028
20 Harpreet Singh Sidhu 1992 ADGP/STF, Punjab, Chg. (Addl. charge of ADGP/Border since) 31.05.2027
21 Gaurav Yadav 1992 ADGP/Security, Pb., Chg. 30.04.2029
22 Kuldeep Singh 1992 ADGP/Armed Bns., Jalandhar. 31.12.2026
24 Gurpreet Kaur Deo (Mrs.) 1993 IGP/Prov., Pb., Chg. 31.01.2028
25 Varinder Kumar 1993 IGP/Intelligence, Pb., Chg. (Hqrs. at S.A.S.Nagar.) 31.07.2025
26 Ishwar Singh 1993 IGP/NRI Affairs & Women Welfare, Pb., S.A.S.Nagar. 31.05.2026
27 Jitendra Kumar Jain (Dr.) 1993 IGP/CDO, Pb., BHG., Patiala. 30.09.2028
28 Satish Kumar Asthana 1993 IGP/Modernisation, Pb., Chg. 31.05.2025
29 Shashi Prabha Dwivedi (Mrs.) 1993 ADGP, Pb, Chg. 30.09.2026
30 Rajendra Namdeo Dhoke 1993 IGP-cum-Commissioner of Police, Ludhiana. 30.06.2025
31 Arpit Shukla 1993 Special DGP/BOI, Punjab. 30.04.2026
32 Naresh Kumar Dr. 1994 IGP/ Intelligence, Pb,. Chg. (Hqrs. at S.A.S.Nagar.) 30.09.2026
33 Ram Singh 1994 On Central Deputation (Director, Ministry of Textiles, GOI, New Delhi.) 31.05.2029
34 Sudhanshu S. Srivastava 1994 IGP-cum-Commissioner of Police, Amritsar. 31.01.2029
35 Praveen Kumar Sinha 1994 IGP-cum-Commissioner of Police, Jalandhar. 31.05.2030
36 B.Chandra Sekhar 1994 IGP/STF, Patiala Zone and Admn., Pb., Chg. (Also Nodal Officer/STF, Pb.) 31.07.2025
37 Amardeep Singh Rai 1994 IGP/Zonal-1, Pb., Patiala. (with addl. charge of IGP/Vig. Bureau, Pb., Chg.) 31.05.2028
38 Neeraja Voruvuru (Mrs) 1994 IGP/Personnel, Pb., Chg. 30.04.2031
39 Anita Punj (Mrs.) 1994 IGP/Training, Pb., Chg. 31.05.2027
40 Kapil Dev 1995 On Central Deputation (Director, Cabinet Sectt., GOI, New Delhi.) 31.03.2032
41 Pramod Ban 1995 IGP/STF, Jal. Zone Hqrs. at Chg. 30.09.2028
42 Mohd.Faiyaz Farooqui 1995 IGP/Crime, Pb., Chg. 31.03.2027
43 Amit Prasad 1995 IGP/CI, Pb., Chg. 31.07.2028
44 Gautam Cheema 1995 IGP/Law & Order-2, Pb., Chg. 31.05.2031
45 G. Nageswara Rao 1995 ( On Deputation as Principle Secretary) 30.04.2027
48 Vibhu Raj (Mrs.) 1996 ADGP/EOW, Crime, Pb., Chg. 31.12.2027
49 Rajiv Ahir 1996 On Central Deputation (Counsellor, Community Affairs & Labour, High Commission of India, Kuala Lumpur.) 31.03.2027
50 Lakshmee Kant Yadav 1996 ADGP/Vigilance Bureau, Pb.,S.A.S Nagar. 31.12.2028
51 Pavan Kumar Rai 1997 On Central Deputation (Director, Cabinet Sectt., GOI, New Delhi) 31.10.2030
52 Naunihal Singh 1997 IGP/Cyber Crime, Pb., SAS Nagar. 30.09.2033
53 Arun Pal Singh 1997 IGP/PAP, Jal. (Addl. charge as IGP/Trg., Armed Bns., Jal.) 30.04.2033
54 Rajesh Kumar Jaiswal 1997 IGP/STF, Pb., Border Zone with Hqrs. at Chg. 31.01.2030
55 Nilabh Kishore 1998 On deputation in Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) 28.02.2034
56 Kunwar Vijay P. Singh 1998 Dismissed from Service through VRS 30.09.2029
57 Shive Kumar Verma 1998 IGP/EOW, Vig. Bureau, Pb., Chg. 31.10.2031
59 Gurinder Singh Dhillon 1998 IGP/Law & Order-1, Pb., Chg. 31.05.2024
60 Mohnish Chawla 1998 IGP/Traffic, Pb., Chg. 30.04.2025
61 Surinderpal Singh Parmar 1998 IGP/Welfare, Pb., Chg. 30.09.2026
63 Jatinder Singh Aulakh 1998 IGP/Hqrs., Pb., Chg. 31.01.2023
64 Mukhwinder Singh Chhina 1998 IGP/Bathinda Zone, Bathinda. 31.12.2023
65 Rakesh Agrawal 1999 IGP/C.M.Sec., Pb., Chg./SPU 31.12.2035
66 Jaskaran Singh 1999 DIG/Jalandhar Range, Jalandhar. 30.04.2024
67 Yurinder Singh 1999 DIG-cum-Joint Dir., MRS PPA, Phillaur. 31.10.2021
69 Dinesh Pratap Singh 2000 On Central Deputation (As Director, Cabinet Sectt., GOI, New Delhi.) 29.02.2032
70 Arun Kumar Mittal 2000 DIG/Training,CPO,Pb,Chg 30.06.2022
71 Kaustubh Sharma (Dr.) 2001 On Central Deputation (Zonal/Deputy Director, Narcotic Control Bureau, New Delhi.) (Zonal Director/NCB, Zonal Unit/Chandigarh since 06.01.2014) 31.03.2032
72 Pradeep Kumar Yadav 2002 AIG/Admin./IT & T, Pb., Chg. 30.06.2037
73 Gursharan Singh Sandhu 2002 DIG/Ludhiana Range, Ludhiana 31.07.2024
75 Sukhchain Singh (Dr.) 2003 DIG/Information Technology & Telecommunication, Pb., Chg. 30.04.2037
76 Ashish Choudhary 2003 DIG/Provisioning, CPO, Pb., Chg.. 30.09.2036
77 Surinder Kumar Kalia 2003 DIG/Admn., PAP, Jal. Addl. charge as DIG/Admn., CDO, BHG, PTL. and DIG/PAP-2 & Training, Chg.) 31.12.2021
78 Babu Lal Meena 2004 DIG/Ropar Range, Ropar. (In the rank of SP) 30.06.2032
81 Harsh Kumar Bansal 2005 On Central Deputation as Joint Deputy Director/ Intelligence Bureau, GOI, New Delhi. 30.09.2038
83 Baljot Singh Rathore 2005 DIG/Government Railways Police, Pb., Patiala (Current Duty Charge) 31.12.2026
84 Gurpreet Singh Bhullar 2005 Commisioner Police Jallandhar Pb. 31.10.2027
85 Hardial Singh Mann 2005 AIG/State Crime Police Station & State Cyber Crime Police Station, SAS Nagar. 31.08.2021
86 Harbaj Singh 2005 AIG/Traffic, Pb., Chg. 31.03.2022
87 Gurpreet Singh Toor 2005 DIG 31.05.2022
88 Surjit Singh 2005 SSP/Ludhiana (Rural) 28.02.2022
90 Gurpreet Singh Gill 2005 Supdt./Central Jail, Kapurthala. 31.08.2022
93 Dhanpreet Kaur (Mrs.) 2006 On Central Deputation Private Secy. to Hon'ble MOS for Social Justice and Empowerment, GOI, New Delhi. (In the rank of Deputy Secy.) 30.04.2039
94 Inderbir Singh 2007 AIG/Policy & Rules, Pb., Chg. 31.07.2040
95 S. Boopathi (Dr.) 2007 SSP/Patiala. 30.04.2036
97 Harcharan Singh Bhullar 2007 SSP/Gurdaspur 31.10.2027
98 Sanmeet Kaur (Mrs.) 2007 AIG/Investigation, BOI, Pb., Chg. 28.02.2041
99 Jagadale Nilambari Vijay (Mrs.) 2008 AIG / Cyber Wing Intelligence Pb. 30.06.2041
100 Ashish Kapoor PM 1991 AIG/ (Vigilance Bureau) FLYING SQUAD 1 31.05.2035

|- Punjab Police Service, often abbreviated to as PPS, is the Group A state civil service for policing of Punjab Police (India) . It is also the feeder service for Indian Police Service in the state.PPS officers hold various posts at the circle, district, range, zonal and state levels to maintain order, enforce the law and to prevent and detect crime. The Department of Home Affairs and Jail of the Government of Punjab is the cadre controlling authority of the service. Along with the Punjab Civil Service (PCS) and the Punjab Forest Service (PFS), the PPS is one of the three feeder services to its respective All India Services.

Responsibilities of a PPS officer[edit]

The typical functions performed by a PPS officer are:

  • To fulfil duties based on border responsibilities, in the areas of maintenance of public peace and order, crime prevention, investigation, and detection, collection of intelligence, VIP security, counter-terrorism, border policing, railway policing, tackling smuggling, drug trafficking, economic offences, corruption in public life, disaster management, enforcement of socio-economic legislation, bio-diversity and protection of environmental laws etc.
  • Leading and commanding the Punjab Vigilance Bureau, Punjab Bureau of Investigation,OCCU Organised Crime Control Unit,Punjab Intelligence Bureau under the supervision of officers senior to them.
  • Leading and commanding the Punjab Armed Police, Punjab Special Task Force (P-STF), Punjab Jails as Superintendents, SSPs of Districts. under the supervision of police officers senior to them.
  • To interact and coordinate closely with the members of other state civil services in the matters regarding policing.
  • To lead and command the force with courage, uprightness, dedication and a strong sense of service to the people.
  • Endeavour to inculcate in the police forces under their command such values and norms as would help them serve the people better.
  • Inculcate integrity of the highest order, sensitivity to aspirations of people in a fast-changing social and economic milieu, respect for human rights, the broad liberal perspective of law and justice and high standard of professionalism.

Career progression[edit]

Post the completion of his or her training, a PPS officer, in the rank of deputy superintendent of police (Dy. SP), generally serves at the police circle level as circle officer. Generally, a police circle consists of three to five police stations. After that, they get promoted to the rank of Additional Superintendent of Police (SP). Districts with a senior superintendent of police (SSP) as the police chief generally have four Addl. SPs under the SSP, each responsible for city, rural areas, crime and traffic designated as 'SP (City)', 'SP (Rural Areas)', 'SP (Crime)' and 'SP (Traffic)'. In metropolitan cities of Punjab, jurisdictional SPs like SP City or SP Rural Areas are further divided into various designations such as 'SP (North)', 'SP (South)', 'SP (East)', 'SP (West)', SP (City I), SP ( City II), 'SP ( City III)' etc. Whereas, districts with a superintendent of police (SP) as the police chief usually have one and rarely two SPs under them which generally have a lower grade pay than the SP who is the head of the district.At the zonal level, a PPS officer is posted as the staff officer of the concerned Inspector General of Police heading the zone which is of Addl. SP rank. . PPS officers of the rank of SP are also posted as sector officers in the PIB (Punjab Bureau of Investigation). PPS officers are also attached to DGP Headquarters as Addl. SP and Dy. SP. They are also posted in State Police Recruitment and Promotion Boards, Special Operations Group, Special Task Force, Special Investigation Team, Punjab Vigilance Bureau, Economic Offences Wing HQ etc.

PPS officers also serve as second-in-command and deputy commandants (at SP rank) and assistant commandants (at Dy. SP rank) in the Punjab Armed Police, Punjab's state armed police force. On deputation, a PPS officer can be sent to one of the various bodies, such as the Punjab Power Corporation Limited, electricity distribution boards, Punjab Human Rights Commission, Punjab Disaster Response Force etc. in capacity of SP and Dy. SP. Some PPS officers have also go to work for central government agencies such as the Enforcement Directorate and the National Investigation Agency.

After completion of two decades of service, PPS officers directly recruited by Police Public Service Commission (UPPSC) get promoted to the Indian Police Service, after confirmation by the Ministry of Home Affairs of Government of India and the Union Public Service Commission. One-third of the total IPS strength in Punjab is reserved for PPS officers (SPS quota).

Salary structure[edit]

Most of the directly recruited PPS officers get promoted to the IPS after getting grade pay of level 13 or 13A. Those who don't get promotion to IPS get classified as 'superseded' and get the grade pay of level 14.

The salary structure of the Punjab Police Service
Rank Grade/level on pay matrix Base salary (per month) Rank in the Punjab Police Some key positions Years of service
SSP Senior administrative grade (Above Super time scale) (pay level 14) ₹144200–218200 Additional Superintendent of Police (Higher Grade) Superintendent of Police (City, Rural Area, Crime, Traffic), Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police, Deputy Commandant PAC etc. 24th year
Super time scale (pay level 13A) ₹131100–216600 Additional Superintendent of Police (Special Grade-I) Superintendent of Police (City, Rural Area, Crime, Traffic), Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police, Deputy Commandant PAC etc 22th year
SP Selection grade (pay level 13) ₹118500–214100 Additional Superintendent of Police (Special Grade-II) Superintendent of Police (City, Rural Area, Crime, Traffic), Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police, Deputy Commandant PAC etc 20th year
Junior administrative grade (pay level 12) ₹78800–191500 Additional Superintendent of Police Superintendent of Police (City, Rural Area, Crime, Traffic), Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police, Deputy Commandant PAC etc 13th year
DSP Senior time scale (pay level 11) ₹67700–160000 Deputy Superintendent of Police (Senior Grade) Circle Officer, Assistant Commissioner of Police, Assistant Commandant PAC etc 5th year
Junior time scale (pay level 10) ₹56100–132000 Deputy Superintendent of Police (Junior Grade) Circle Officer, Assistant Commissioner of Police, Assistant Commandant PAC etc Initial year

Structure of Punjab Police

Punjab Police has divided the State into 8 Ranges headed by IGPs (Inspector General Police) and 3 Commissionerates headed by IGPs and DIGs.

Structure of Punjab Police

Ranges City-1 City-2 City-3 City-4
Border Range Amritsar Rural Batala Gurdaspur Pathankot
Patiala Range Patiala Sangrur Barnala
Rupnagar Range Rupnagar S.A.S Nagar Fatehgarh Sahib
Jalandhar Range Jalandhar Rural Hoshiarpur Kapurthala
Ludhiana Range Ludhiana Rural Khanna S.B.S Nagar
Bathinda Range Bathinda Mansa
Ferozepur Range Ferozepur Fazilka Tarn-Taran
Faridkot Faridkot Moga Sri Muktsar Sahib

Punjab Police has divided the State into 8 Ranges headed by IGPs (Inspector General Police) and 3 Commissionerates headed by IGPs and DIGs.

Sno Commissionerate of Police Headed By
1 Amritsar IGP
2 Ludhiana IGP
3 Jalandhar DIG

Structure of A Commissionerate

Commissionar police Amritsar.pdf

Major concerns and reforms[editPromotion to IPS[edit]According to the Indian Police Service (Appointment by Promotion) Regulations, 1955, PPS officers are eligible for promotion to IPS after completion of eight years of service. But in reality, officers are generally promoted to the IPS after two and half decades in service. Unlike their counterparts in PCS who get promoted to IAS almost five years early.

Political influence[edit]

Directly recruited IPS officers often complain that promotee PPS officers are given preference in field postings due to their close proximity to politicians which they form in two decades of their service. Since the state government was often ruled by regional parties, many politicians allegedly fix 'their men' on important inspector general and deputy inspector general rank positions.

Praise

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the first Home Minister of India praised Punjab Police saying,[37]

I know the difficulties and disaster which overtook the Punjab Police during the period of partition. Your force was depleted terribly and quickly you had to begin from a scratch. After such a partition and the period of communal disturbances a parallel of which is not known, you had to face great difficulties and you have in fact performed a miracle in reorganizing your force in such a short time and in such a splendid manner

See also

References

Punjab Police Act, 2007

  1. ^ "Punjab has over 70,000 policemen".
  2. ^ "Punjab Budget Analysis 2019-20" (PDF). prsindia.org. 2019.
  3. ^ a b "punjab police is getting problem due to vehicle scarcity". www.patrika.com (in Hindi). 15 February 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Punjab". Overseas Indian Facilitation Centre. Archived from the original on 10 October 2011. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
  5. ^ http://www.punjabpolice.gov.in/dgp_message.aspx#
  6. ^ "Tribune Chandigarh".
  7. ^ "Punjab to be the first state to have 'rapid rural police response system', Odisha Current News, Odisha Latest Headlines". OdishaDiary. 30 July 2012. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Punjab set to launch new rural policing system". The Hindu. 30 August 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  9. ^ "Rapid Rural Police Response System finalised". The Pioneer. 30 December 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  10. ^ Dua, Rohan (15 July 2013). "Punjab introduces GPS-enabled highway patrol vehicles". The Times of India. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  11. ^ India (15 July 2013). "4,000-strong force to police Punjab at night". The Indian Express. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  12. ^ "Punjab launches night policing". Business Standard News. Indo-Asian News Service. 14 July 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  13. ^ "Soon, Punjab to get separate investigation, law and order police wings in all districts". The Indian Express. 1 August 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  14. ^ "Explained: What is the Punjab Bureau of Investigation?". The Indian Express. 31 July 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  15. ^ "Acting on SC order, Punjab creates 4,521 posts for Bureau of Investigation". The Tribune. 8 February 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  16. ^ "Finally, investigation bureau takes shape". The Tribune. 11 April 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  17. ^ Bajwa, Harpreet (5 March 2015). "Punjab Sets up Bureau of Investigation". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  18. ^ "Punjab Govt separates investigation from law and order". The Pioneer. 5 March 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  19. ^ "Punjab Police gets separate wing to speed up investigations". hindustantimes.com. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  20. ^ "Spectrum". The Sunday Tribune. 15 June 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  21. ^ Service, Tribune News (30 July 2015). "Punjab cops equipped with useless arms: CAG". tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  22. ^ "Punjab Police adds 150 Scorpio Getaways to its fleet". IIFL - BSE/NSE, India Stock Market Recommendations, Live Stock Markets, Sensex/Nifty, Commodity Market, Financial News, Mutual Funds. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  23. ^ Basu, Rahul (24 September 2010). "Punjab Police armoured with 30 new Scorpio Getaways". Zigwheels.com. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  24. ^ "Punjab Police Gypsy 'hits' youth, speeds away". hindustantimes.com. 4 June 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  25. ^ "Punjab police to get GPS bikes, CCTV-fitted cars soon". daily.bhaskar.com. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  26. ^ "Israeli trainers for SWAT teams of Punjab Police".
  27. ^ "Family of Punjab SWAT firing victim awaits justice".
  28. ^ "Punjab had formed this SWAT team in 2011 after regular threats on Punjab politicians".
  29. ^ "The 28 Punjab commandos involved in Monday's operation were also trained by Mossad".
  30. ^ "The state government had deployed a private company, Athena Security, to get the team trained through Israeli experts spending Rs 1.5 crore on the training".
  31. ^ "Gurdaspur attack: Punjab Police SWAT team bang on target".
  32. ^ "Punjab Now Has Its Own SWAT".
  33. ^ "The SWAT team deployed in Dinanagar was involved in an exercise at Amritsar and therefore could be deployed in Gurdaspur immediately".
  34. ^ "How Punjab's new heroes stared death in the face and came back laughing".
  35. ^ "Gurdaspur attack: Punjab's SWAT team's creation bears fruit".
  36. ^ "Lashkar-e-Taiba behind Gurdaspur terror attack, confirms MHA".
  37. ^ a b Police Commemoration Day

External links

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