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Punjab States Agency

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Punjab States Agency
British Residency
1933–1947
Coat of arms
Punjab 1909.jpg

Map of the British Punjab in 1909.
Area 
• 1921
86,430 km2 (33,370 sq mi)
Population 
• 1921
465493
Historical eraNew Imperialism
• Established
1933
1947
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Punjab Province (British India)
Punjab, India
Punjab, Pakistan
Today part ofPunjab, India

The Punjab States Agency was a political office of the British Indian Empire. The agency was created in the 1930s, on the model of the Central India Agency and Rajputana Agency, and dealt with forty princely states in northwest India formerly dealt with by the British province of the Punjab.[1][2][3]

After 1947, most of the states chose to accede to the Union of India, the rest to the Dominion of Pakistan.

History

The princely states had come under the suzerainty of the British crown after the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1814–16 and went on to be known as the Punjab Native States and the Simla Hill States. They later came into direct diplomatic relations with the British province of Punjab, with the exception of Tehri Garhwal State, which had a connection instead with the United Provinces.[4]

The Punjab States Agency was established in 1933 out of the previous Punjab Native States, which had received advice from the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab Province, and the Simla Hill States, advised by the Deputy Commissioner of Simla district.[5] The agency was created under the direct authority of the Governor General of India, with its headquarters in Shimla.[6]

After Indian Independence in 1947, the states all acceded to the new Dominion of India, most of them later becoming part of the new state of Himachal Pradesh, with Tehri Garhwal State becoming part of Uttar Pradesh. In 2000, the northern portion of Uttar Pradesh, including the former state of Tehri-Garhwal, became the new state of Uttarakhand.

Princely states

Punjab States Agency

Salute states, by precedence :

  • Patiala, title Maharaja, Hereditary salute of 17-guns (19-guns local)
  • Bahawalpur (now in Pakistan), title Nawab, Hereditary salute of 17-guns (later promoted to 21 guns by the Pakistani president)
  • Jind, title Maharaja, Hereditary salute of 13-guns (15-guns personal and local)
  • Kapurthala, title Maharaja, Hereditary salute of 13-guns (15-guns personal and local)
  • Nabha, title Maharaja, Hereditary salute of 13-guns (15-guns local)
  • Kaithal, title Bhai ( Maharaja) Hereditary salute 13-guns (15-guns local)
  • Bilaspur (Kahlur), title Raja, Hereditary salute of 11-guns
  • Chamba, title Raja, Hereditary salute of 11-guns
  • Faridkot, title Raja, Hereditary salute of 11-guns
  • Maler Kotla (Malerkotla), title Nawab, Hereditary salute of 11-guns
  • Mandi, title Raja, Hereditary salute of 11-guns
  • Sirmur (Nahan), title Maharaja, Hereditary salute of 11-guns
  • Suket (Sundarnagar), title Raja, Hereditary salute of 11-guns
  • Loharu, title Nawab, Hereditary salute of 9-guns

Non-salute states, alphabetically :

Historical princely states of the Punjab Hills

Simla Hill States Superintendency of the Punjab States Agency

Salute state :

  • Bashahr, title Raja, Personal 9 guns-salute

Non-salute states, alphabetically :

See also

References

  1. ^ David P. Henige (2004). Princely states of India: a guide to chronology and rulers. Orchid Press. ISBN 978-974-524-049-0.
  2. ^ Princely States of India
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Punjab" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ V. Verma, The Emergence of Himachal Pradesh: A Survey of Constitutional Developments, pp. 41-42
  5. ^ John Hutchison and JP Vogel, History of Punjab Hill states; Lahore 1933
  6. ^ Ramesh Chandra Bisht, International Encyclopaedia Of Himalayas, Vol. 3, p. 104

Coordinates: 30°6′N 77°10′E / 30.100°N 77.167°E / 30.100; 77.167

This page was last edited on 7 July 2019, at 08:54
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