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Public holidays in Albania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Below is a list of public holidays in Albania.

If a non-working public holiday happens during the weekend, then the Monday after would be non-working.

Official Holidays[1]
Date English name Albanian name Remarks
January 1 - January 2 New Year's Day Viti i Ri
March 14 Summer Day Dita e Verës ratified by Albanian Parliament (2004) as an official and national holiday
March 22 Nowruz Dita e Sulltan Nevruzit Bektashi Order day
March 27 - March 28 Catholic Easter Pashkët Katolike date varies
May 1 - May 2 Orthodox Easter Pashkët Ortodokse date varies, trailing Catholic Easter by 0 to 5 weeks.
May 1 May Day Dita Ndërkombëtare e Punonjësve Worker's day
July 7 Eid ul-Fitr Bajrami i Madh (Fitër Bajrami) date varies
September 12 Eid ul-Adha Bajrami i Vogël (Kurban Bajrami) date varies
October 19 Mother Teresa Day Dita e Nënë Terezës ratified by Albanian Parliament as an official and national holiday
November 28 Independence Day Dita e Pavarësisë  Albanian Declaration of Independence
November 29 Liberation Day Dita e Çlirimit
December 8 Youth Day Dita Kombëtare e Rinisë ratified by Albanian Parliament (2010) as an official and national holiday
December 25 Christmas Krishtlindjet  


Not official Holidays
Date English name Albanian name Remarks
January 6 Epiphany Uji i Bekuar ose Epifania ose Thefania not official – working day
March 2 League of Lezhë day Dita e Besëlidhjes së Lezhës not official – working day
March 7 Teacher's Day Dita e Mësuesit not official – working day
June 1 Children's Day Dita Ndërkombëtare e Fëmijëve not official[2] – working day
August 15 Assumption of Mary Dita Shën Marisë ose Pashka e Vogël not official – working day
November 22 Alphabet Day Dita e Alfabetit not official – working day
November 1 The emergence of the KLA Dalja në skenë e UÇK-s not official – working day
November 6 Constitution Day Dita e Kushtetutës not official – working day
December 6 Saint Nicholas Day Dita e Shën Kollit not official – working day
December 24 Christmas Eve Krishlindjet Christmas Eve, optional bank holiday

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  • Muslims in Albania | Islam in Albania

Transcription

Islam in Albania & Albanian Muslims do you want to know that despite being in Europe why Albania is a muslim-majority country are you interested in finding out that how the Albania became the world's first atheist country in 1967 and how Islam spread in this part of the world then keep watching because that's what we are discussing in this video Albanians are the biggest Muslim nation of Europe located at the western part of the Balkans they are believed to be descendants of the ancient illyrians which inhabited Europe's in 2500 years ago while in the ancient times there were pagans with the advent of the Christian teachings of sin Paul among Romans they converted in Christianity Albania's total territory is 28,000 square kilometers its capital city is Tirana founded in the 17th century by an Albanian Pasha who as the legend says originally named it Tehran historically the Albanians are the only bulk and people whose national consciousness has not been shaped or why dent afire by the religious affiliation instead Albanians have defined the national identity through language throughout the turbulent history Albanians have shifted with relative ease from one religion to another being Catholic Orthodox a Muslim according to how this best serve their interests at the time in the late Middle Ages the lands became the battlefield between the Catholic West and the Orthodox East whenever the West was advancing the Albanian feudal lords adopted Catholicism whenever Byzantium was the victor in the West retreated they embraced orthodoxy Albania is a self-proclaimed secular state that allows freedom of religion there are three main religions Islam Orthodox and Catholic Christianity the percentage of Muslims remains the majority at more than 65 percent more than twenty percent of the population are Orthodox and about ten percent a Catholic the Muslim population is further divided between the 85% who followed the Hanafi school of thee Ali's Sunnah wal Jamaah and the 15% who were affiliated with the Haile syncretic Bektashi sect the contacts of Albanians with the Islamic world a relatively new compared to other countries Islam appeared for the first time in the old continent at the end of the first millennium 9th 10th centuries historically inter-religious contacts between Christian Albanians and Islamic preachers belong to the 13th 14th century during the 15th and 16th centuries a number of mosques which how important Islamic culture centers were established in the main cities of Albania the Albanians embraced Islam nearly as a whole which is remarkable when seen in the light of Albanian history a rugged terrain of this region served as a natural barrier against outside invaders and greatly slowed the spread of foreign ideas such as Christianity and linguistic borrowing before the outlawing of religion in 1967 Albania's population was 75% Muslim 15% Orthodox Christian on 10% Roman Catholic geographically most Muslims are found in the center of the country with a few in the north and a part of South is Bektashi the south and southeast mainly Orthodox while a part of Northwestern North East to Catholic there is also a Greek Orthodox minority in the south the majority of the Albanian population in Kosovo and Albania is Muslim due to the Ottoman Empire's conquest and rule for almost five centuries through time Albanians have evolved to perceive Islam as part of their identity especially in Kosovo where people are more religious than in Albania in Kosovo Islamic influence is felt more though the country is never known for political Islam Albanians were the first nation who embraced Islam massively in southeastern Europe and cooperated with the Turks for building their Islamic empire in Asia Africa and Europe until 1913 the country was part of the Ottoman Empire being more or less the last major Balkan territory to be held by the Turks many Albanians served the Ottoman Empire with distinction it was part of the ottoman tradition to recruit conquered peoples and co-opt them into government Albanians constituted the bulk of the Earl's manly armies and the majority of the Janissary Corps were manned by them people from Shem Sutton Sammy who contributed to the modernization of the Ottoman state during the 19th century most of the bodyguards of sultan abdul hameed ii as well as the grand vizier of sultan selim one were Albanians the lenient terms of capitulation required by Islamic law gave Albanians the right to retain the religious beliefs it was not until the early 17th century that Islam began to gain hold in Albania this is proof in itself that the so-called theory is that islam was forced upon Albanians and other Balkan people's held no ground in historical fact Islam gave them away to God Islam also gave Albanians a voice in the administration of not only their own lands but of the whole Ottoman state prominent visitors and Pasha's hailed from Albania and were appointed to the posts long before the majority of Albanians professed Islam during the rule of the Sultan's the idea of being different prevailed in the Albanian regions hence the political and cultural national movement during the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century which resulted in a definite division from the Ottoman Empire with the proclamation of albania's independence the motto of the liberation movement was Albanian religion is Albania especially in Kosovo which remained under the Serbian territory during the communist regime religion was forbidden during this time the regime tried to enforce an atheistic secular state public religious instruction was made illegal in 1967 the government closed more than 2,100 mosques churches monasteries and Mustard's which are small mosques for Bektashi those that were allowed to remain open were turned into museums gymnasiums and even artist studios pig farms sprang up throughout the country and all were encouraged to eat pork products many religious people were arrested or punished severely the communism system gave Albania the most brutal hit when it stopped people from worshipping God in 1967 Albania was declared as the first atheist country in the world which made religion and it's practice prohibited by law with the advent of democracy in Eastern Europe after 1990 the religious freedoms were constituted back even in Albania churches and mosques were allowed to reopen there have been new religious centers built all over Albania even in the most remote parts of the country Albanians were allowed to reproduce the religions again this made its Muslims feel that they could recover the lost identity the new democratic regime which was installed in Albania in 1991 made some room for the Muslims of Albania to start re understanding their Islamic heritage in this time albania became a member of the organization of the Islamic Conference an Arab Albanian Islamic bank was established in Tirana and around 20 Arab Islamic organizations opened the branches in the country along with them came even some Turkish Iranian British American and other Muslim NGO asked these short a live organizations were engaged from 1991 to 1996 in a process of Islamic education and mosque buildings apart from the shortcomings they managed to print and distribute good volumes of Muslim literature in Albanian and build dozens of mosques in the country however the mosque building process did not manage to recover the country's thirst for reads covering the prohibited religion if until 1967 in Albania some 1666 mosques existed nowadays after the Communists destruction Albanians have managed to rebuild only around 500 mosques throughout the country even that SEM Christian fundamentalist organizations in the United States claimed that the country has over 3,000 mosques at present the country has around 350 Imams and 500 mosques around the country which means one imam for 10,000 people and one mosque for 70,000 people Turkey currently is building 18 large Islamic religious centers around the world the projects include a mosque in Tirana Albania which will hold more than 4,000 worshippers in the structure of the first government of our country which was established in flora in 1912 there were different Imams playing important roles such as ministers of our country we can also mention hacky VB Deborah head of the first Muslim community of Albania as an important figure in the independence of Albania so we can conclude that the Albanian and Muslim identities are tightly connected they have never hampered each other and on the contrary they have always been seen as one Chikara one of the largest cities of our country as an example of inter-religious tolerance it was exactly this city in which Islam was reborn after the dictatorial system over the years it has shown as strong and well-formed Islamic identity in conclusion we can say that though the Muslims of Albania constitute the majority of the population they do not have any political party TV channel newspapers schools institutions and foundations to represent them the issue of education is probably the area of most concern to moderate Albanian Muslims who are acutely aware of how local Islamic educational facilities are wholly inadequate and are concerned at the growing numbers of young people who are forced to travel abroad to receive higher Islamic education as yet there has been no concise study of the precise number of young Albanians who have been sent to study in different Islamic countries there is strong demand from within the Albanian Muslim community to have an Islamic University in Albania this will enable young people to study Quranic theology in the homeland and not in foreign institutions today despite decades of secularism Albania is considered a predominantly Muslim country although one cannot say with certainty that out of 3.4 million inhabitants how many Albanians are actually Muslims thank you for watching till the end how did you find this video give your feedback in the comment section below if you like this video hit the like button and share it with your friends and families and in your social links Facebook Twitter and whatsapp don't forget to subscribe to Islam history channel to watch more interesting videos like this here is a link to our other videos you may like to watch

References

  1. ^ "Kalendari i festave zyrtare 2016". www.bankofalbania.org. Banka e Shqipërisë.
  2. ^ official website of Tirana
This page was last edited on 9 December 2018, at 11:21
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