To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Public Services International

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Public Services International
PSI logo 2020.svg
PSI logo 2020
HeadquartersFerney-Voltaire, France
30 million in 154 countries
Key people
Dave Prentis, President
Rosa Pavanelli, General Secretary

Public Services International (PSI) is the global union federation for workers in public services, including those who work in social services, health care, municipal services, central government and public utilities. As of November 2019, PSI has 700 affiliated trade unions from 154 countries representing over 30 million workers.[1]


In March 1907, the executive of the German Union of Municipal and State Workers, based in Berlin, issued a call to "workers employed in municipal and state undertakings, in power stations, in gas and waterworks, in all countries" to attend an international conference in August, 1907, in Stuttgart. Four Danes, two Dutchmen, eight Germans, a Hungarian, a Swede and a Swiss met in the Stuttgart trade union building for the First Congress of Public Services International, representing 44,479 workers,[2] and they founded the International Secretariat of the Workers in Public Services. This grew rapidly, and by 1913 represented more than 100,000 workers, enabling a part-time salary to be paid to the secretary, based in Berlin.[3]

The federation ceased to operate during World War I, but was reactivated in 1919, now based in Amsterdam. In 1925, it renamed itself as the International Federation of Employees in Public Services, while in 1935 it absorbed the International Federation of Civil Servants, becoming the International Federation of Employees in Public and Civil Services. The headquarters moved back to Berlin in 1929, then to Amsterdam in 1933, and on to Paris. This closed in 1940, and the occupying Nazi forces destroyed the federation's property, but in 1945 the federation was relaunched at a meeting of the executive committee, held in London. The following year, it became known as the International Federation of Unions of Employees in Public and Civil Services, then in 1958 it shortened its name to become the "Public Services International".[3]


PSI is involved in the movement against privatisation of public services by corporations across the world. PSI also works against tax evasion by multinational corporations and is a founding member of the International Commission for the Reform of International Corporate Taxation.[4] PSI's pro-worker stance has put it at odds with the WTO, World Bank and IMF who predominantly promote market solutions.[5]

PSI works in partnership with affiliate trade unions, other Global Union Federations and NGOs such as the Our World is Not For Sale Network.

Public Services International Research Unit

Financed by PSI, Public Services International Research Unit (PSIRU) researches the privatisation and restructuring of public services around the world, with special focus on water, energy, waste management, and healthcare. Established in 2000, it is part of the Business School of the University of Greenwich, UK.[6][7]


General Secretaries

1907: Albin Mohs[3]
1919: Nico van Hinte[3]
1929: Fritz Müntner[3]
1933: Ludwig Maier (acting)[3]
1933: Ernest Michaud[3]
1935: Charles Laurent and Ernest Michaud[3]
1937: Charles Laurent[3]
1945: Maarten Bolle[3]
1954: Jaap Blom[3]
1956: Paul Tofahrn[3]
1967: Werner Barazetti
1970: Carl Franken
1981: Hans Engelberts
2007: Peter Waldorff
2012: Rosa Pavanelli


1920: Peter Tevenan[3]
1932: Charles Dukes[3]
1937: Mark Hewitson[3]
1939: Tom Williamson[3]
1956: Adolph Kummernuss[3]
1964: Gunnar Hallström
1973: Heinz Kluncker
1985: Victor Gotbaum
1989: Monika Wulf-Mathies
1994: William Lucy
2002: Ylva Thörn
2010: Dave Prentis


  1. ^ "About us". Public Services International. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  2. ^ "Public Services International Union Celebrates Centennial". Retrieved 6 September 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Goldberg, Arthur (1962). The Public Services' International. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Labor.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Public Services International Research Unit". PSIRU. University of Greenwich, Business. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
  7. ^ "Public Services International Research Unit". PSIRU. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
This page was last edited on 23 May 2021, at 05:07
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.