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Taylor & Francis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Taylor & Francis
Taylor & Francis logo.svg
Parent companyInforma
Founded1852; 170 years ago (1852)
FounderWilliam Francis
Richard Taylor
Country of originUnited Kingdom
Headquarters locationMilton Park, Abingdon-on-Thames, Oxfordshire United Kingdom
DistributionBookpoint (Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia)
self-distributed (the Americas)[1]
Key peopleAnnie Callanan (CEO);[2] Jeremy North (MD, Books); Christoph Chesher (Group Sales Director).[3]
Publication typesPeer-reviewed books & journals
Nonfiction topicsHumanities, Social Science, Behavioural Science, Education, Law, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, Medicine
Fiction genresNon-Fiction. Academic & Scholarly.
ImprintsRoutledge (Humanities, Social science, Education & Law); Taylor & Francis, CRC Press & Garland Science (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics)
Revenue£556M in 2020 with adjusted operating margin of 38.8%[4]
£559.6M in 2019[4]
No. of employees1,800[5]
Previous Taylor & Francis logo from a 1900 publication
Previous Taylor & Francis logo from a 1900 publication
Routledge/Taylor & Francis at an American academic conference, 2008
Routledge/Taylor & Francis at an American academic conference, 2008
Taylor & Francis at the University of London School of Advanced Study History Day, 2017
Taylor & Francis at the University of London School of Advanced Study History Day, 2017

Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals. It is a division of Informa plc, a United Kingdom–based publisher and conference company.[6]


The company was founded in 1852 when William Francis joined Richard Taylor in his publishing business. Taylor had founded his company in 1798. Their subjects covered agriculture, chemistry, education, engineering, geography, law, mathematics, medicine, and social sciences.[7]

Francis's son, Richard Taunton Francis (1883–1930), was sole partner in the firm from 1917 to 1930.[8]

In 1965, Taylor & Francis launched Wykeham Publications and began book publishing. T&F acquired Hemisphere Publishing in 1988, and the company was renamed Taylor & Francis Group to reflect the growing number of imprints. Taylor & Francis left the printing business in 1990, to concentrate on publishing. In 1998 it went public on the London Stock Exchange and in the same year bought its academic publishing rival Routledge for £90 million.[9] Acquisition of other publishers has remained a core part of the group's business strategy.[9] It merged with Informa in 2004 to create a new company called T&F Informa, since renamed back to Informa.[9] Following the merger, T&F closed the historic Routledge office at New Fetter Lane in London, and moved to its current headquarters in Milton Park, Oxfordshire.[10] Taylor & Francis Group is now the academic publishing arm of Informa, and accounted for 30.2% of Group Revenue and 38.1% of Adjusted Profit in 2017.[11]

Taylor & Francis publishes more than 2,700 journals, and about 7,000 new books each year, with a backlist of over 140,000 titles available in print and digital formats.[11] It uses the Routledge imprint for its publishing in humanities, social sciences, behavioural sciences, law and education, and the CRC Press imprint for its publishing in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. In 2017, T&F sold assets from its Garland Science imprint to W. W. Norton & Company and then ceased to use that brand.[12][11]

Although generally considered the smallest of the 'Big Four' STEM publishers (Reed-Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Springer, and Taylor & Francis),[13] its Routledge imprint is claimed to be the largest global academic publisher within humanities and social sciences.[14][15] The company's journals have been delivered through the Taylor & Francis Online website since June 2011. Prior to that they were provided through the Informaworld website.[16] Taylor & Francis ebooks are now available via the TaylorFrancis website.[17] Taylor & Francis operates a number of Web services for its digital content including Routledge Handbooks Online,[18] the Routledge Performance Archive,[19] Secret Intelligence Files[20] and Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism.[21] Taylor & Francis offers Open Access publishing options in both its books[22] and journals[23] divisions and through its Cogent Open Access journals imprint.[11]

Taylor & Francis is a member of several professional publishing bodies including the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association,[24] the International Association of Scientific, Technical, and Medical Publishers,[25] the Association of Learned & Professional Society Publishers[26] and The Publishers Association.[27] In 2017, after collaborating for several years, T&F bought specialist digital resources company Colwiz.[28][29] In January 2020, T&F bought open research publishing platform F1000.[30]

The old Taylor and Francis logo depicts a hand pouring oil into a lit lamp, along with the Latin phrase alere flammam – "to feed the flame [of knowledge]". The modern logo is a stylised oil lamp in a circle.[31]

Company figures

The group has about 1,800 employees[5] in at least 18 offices worldwide. Its head office is in Milton Park, Abingdon in the United Kingdom, with other offices in Stockholm, Leiden, New York, Boca Raton, Philadelphia, Kentucky, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, Beijing, Shanghai, Taipei, Melbourne, Sydney, Cape Town, Tokyo and New Delhi.[5][32]

Taylor & Francis reported a mean 2017 gender pay gap of 24.2% for its UK workforce, while the median was 8%. The fact that the average pay for women is significantly worse than the median pay (compared to men's) shows that women are underrepresented in the positions with the highest pay.[33]


Journal protests

In 2013, the entire board of the Journal of Library Administration resigned in a dispute over author licensing agreements.[34]

Academic practices

In 2016, Critical Reviews in Toxicology was accused by the Center for Public Integrity of being a "broker of junk science".[35] Monsanto was found to have worked with an outside consulting firm to induce the journal to publish a biased review of the health effects of its product "Roundup".[36]

In 2017, Taylor & Francis was strongly criticized for removing the editor-in-chief of International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, who accepted articles critical of corporate interests. The company replaced the editor with a corporate consultant without consulting the editorial board.[37]

The journal Cogent Social Sciences accepted a hoax article, "The conceptual penis as a social construct", that had been rejected by another Taylor & Francis journal, Norma: International Journal for Masculinity Studies.[38][39] When the authors announced the hoax, the article was retracted.[40]

In December 2018, the journal Dynamical Systems accepted the paper Saturation of Generalized Partially Hyperbolic Attractors only to have it retracted after publication due to the Iranian nationality of the authors. The European Mathematical Society condemned the retraction and later announced that Taylor & Francis had agreed to reverse the decision.[41] Previous instances of Taylor & Francis journals discriminating against Iranian authors were reported in 2013.[42][43]

Manipulation of bibliometrics

According to Goodhart's law and concerned academics like the signatories of the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment, commercial academic publishers benefit from manipulation of bibliometrics and scientometrics like the journal impact factor, which is often used as proxy of prestige and can influence revenues, including public subsidies in the form of subscriptions and free work from academics.[44]

Six T&F journals, which exhibited unusual levels of self-citation, had their journal impact factor of 2019 suspended from Journal Citation Reports in 2020, a sanction which hit 34 journals in total.[45]

Acquired companies and discontinued imprints

See also


  1. ^ "Info: Orders - Routledge" (Text). Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  2. ^ "Informa Plc Trading Update 26th May 2017" (PDF). Informa.;
  3. ^ "Senior Management Team". Informa.
  4. ^ a b "Informa PLC Press Release 2020 Full-Year Results" (PDF).
  5. ^ a b c "Informa: About Academic Publishing".
  6. ^ About Us Archived 2006-11-18 at the Wayback Machine, Taylor & Francis, UK.
  7. ^ Brock, W.H. & Meadows, A.J. (1998). The Lamp of Learning: Taylor & Francis and Two Centuries of Publishing. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780748402656.
  8. ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0-902-198-84-X.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Academic Publishing Industry: A Story of Merger and Acquisition Archived 2012-05-04 at WebCite - Taylor & Francis.
  10. ^ "T&F and Informa merge, books unit to move". 2 March 2004.
  11. ^ a b c d "Results for 12 months to 31 December 2017" (PDF). Informa. December 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  12. ^ "W.W. Norton & Company Inc. has acquired certain assets of Garland Science from Taylor & Francis Group". Broadwater & Associates. December 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  13. ^ Larivière, Vincent; Haustein, Stefanie; Mongeon, Philippe (2015-06-10). "The Oligopoly of Academic Publishers in the Digital Era". PLOS One. 10 (6): e0127502. Bibcode:2015PLoSO..1027502L. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127502. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 4465327. PMID 26061978.
  14. ^ "Outsell HSS Market Size Share Forecast" (PDF).
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  29. ^ a b "T&F buys reference-management tool colwiz". The Bookseller. 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  30. ^ "Taylor & Francis buys F1000 Research".
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  33. ^ Page, Benedicte (2018-03-29). "Four more academic publishers reveal gender pay gaps".
  34. ^ Dupuis, John. "Journal of Library Administration editorial board resigns over author rights". ScienceBlogs. ScienceBlogs LLC. Retrieved 2013-03-25.
  35. ^ "Brokers of junk science?".
  36. ^ Waldman, Peter; Stecker, Tiffany; Rosenblatt, Joel (2017-08-09). "Monsanto Was Its Own Ghostwriter for Some Safety Reviews". Bloomberg Businessweek. Bloomberg. Retrieved 2018-11-26.
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  40. ^ "Retracted Article: The conceptual penis as a social construct". Cogent Social Sciences. 3 (1). 31 May 2017. doi:10.1080/23311886.2017.1336861.
  41. ^ "The EMS condemns Taylor & Francis's attack on freedom of science". European Mathematical Society. 2018-12-12. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  42. ^ Baghianimoghadam, Behnam (2014-02-09). "Scientific sanctions: A catastrophe for the civilized world". Indian Journal of Medical Ethics. 11 (2): 130. doi:10.20529/IJME.2014.035. PMID 24727630. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  43. ^ "Taylor & Francis group bans publication of articles by Iranian authors". Fars News. 2013-11-05. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  44. ^ McKiernan, Erin C.; Schimanski, Lesley A.; Muñoz Nieves, Carol; Matthias, Lisa; Niles, Meredith T.; Alperin, Juan Pablo (2019-04-09). "Use of the Journal Impact Factor in academic review, promotion, and tenure evaluations". eLife. 8. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27638. PMC 6668985. PMID 31364991.
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  48. ^ "Recent Transactions".
  49. ^ "Welcome to the Criminology & Criminal Justice Textbook Catalog". Taylor & Francis.
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Further reading

External links

This page was last edited on 13 January 2022, at 07:54
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