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Provinces of Spain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Provinces of Spain
Blank Spain Map (Provinces).svg
CategoryProvince
LocationSpain
Found inAutonomous community
Created byRoyal Decree (30/11/1833)
Created1833
Number50
Populations95,258–6,458,684
Areas1,980–21,766 km²
GovernmentProvincial council
SubdivisionsMunicipality

Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces (Spanish: provincias, IPA: [pɾoˈβinθjas]; sing. provincia).[note 1] Spain's provincial system was recognized in its 1978 constitution but its origin dates back to 1833. Ceuta, Melilla and the Plazas de soberanía are not part of any provinces.

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Transcription

Contents

Provincial organization

The layout of Spain's provinces closely follows the pattern of the territorial division of the country carried out in 1833. The only major change of provincial borders since that time has been the subdivision of the Canary Islands into two provinces rather than one.

Historically, the provinces served mainly as transmission belts for policies enacted in Madrid, as Spain was a highly centralised state for most of its modern history. The importance of the provinces has declined since the adoption of the system of autonomous communities in the period of the Spanish transition to democracy. They nevertheless remain electoral districts for national elections and as geographical references: for instance in postal addresses and telephone codes.

A small town would normally be identified as being in, say, Valladolid province rather than the autonomous community of Castile and León. The provinces were the "building-blocks" from which the autonomous communities were created. Consequently, no province is divided between more than one of these communities.

Most of the provinces—with the exception of Álava, Asturias, Biscay, Cantabria, Guipúzcoa, Balearic Islands, La Rioja, and Navarra — are named after their principal town. Only two capitals of autonomous communities — Mérida in Extremadura and Santiago de Compostela in Galicia — are not also the capitals of provinces.

Seven of the autonomous communities comprise no more than one province each: Asturias, Balearic Islands, Cantabria, La Rioja, Madrid, Murcia, and Navarra. These are sometimes referred to as "uniprovincial" communities.

A map of Spain's provinces.
A map of Spain's provinces.

The table below lists the provinces of Spain. For each, the capital city is given, together with an indication of the autonomous community to which it belongs and a link to a list of municipalities in the province. The names of the provinces and their capitals are ordered alphabetically according to the form in which they appear in the main Wikipedia articles describing them. Unless otherwise indicated, their Spanish language names are the same; locally valid names in Spain's other co-official languages (Asturian, Basque, Catalan, Galician) are also indicated where they differ.

Provinces

Province name Capital Autonomous community Lists of municipalities
A Coruña
A Coruña (Galician); La Coruña (Spanish); Corunna (English, archaic)
A Coruña (Galician); La Coruña (Spanish); Corunna (English, archaic)
Galicia
Galicia
Municipalities
Álava
Álava
; Araba (Basque)
Vitoria-Gasteiz; Gasteiz (Basque); Vitoria (Spanish)
Basque Country
Basque Country
Municipalities
Albacete
Albacete
Albacete
Castilla-La Mancha
Castilla-La Mancha
Municipalities
Alicante
Alicante
; Alacant (Catalan)
Alicante; Alacant (Catalan)
Valencian Community
Valencian Community
Municipalities
Almería
Almería
Almería
Andalusia
Andalusia
Municipalities
Asturias
Asturias
; Asturies (Asturian)
Oviedo; Uviéu (Asturian)
Asturias
Asturias
Municipalities
Ávila
Ávila
Ávila
Castilla y León
Castile and León
Municipalities
Badajoz
Badajoz
Badajoz
Extremadura
Extremadura
Municipalities
Balearic Islands
Balearic Islands
; Illes Balears (Catalan); Islas Baleares (Spanish)
Palma
Balearic Islands
Balearic Islands
Municipalities
Barcelona
Barcelona
Barcelona
Catalonia
Catalonia
Municipalities
Biscay
Biscay
; Bizkaia (Basque); Vizcaya (Spanish)
Bilbao; Bilbo (Basque)
Basque Country
Basque Country
Municipalities
Burgos
Burgos
Burgos
Castilla y León
Castile and León
Municipalities
Cáceres
Cáceres
Cáceres
Extremadura
Extremadura
Municipalities
Cádiz
Cádiz
Cádiz
Andalusia
Andalusia
Municipalities
Cantabria
Cantabria
Santander
Cantabria
Cantabria
Municipalities
Valencian Community
Castellón
; Castelló (Catalan)
Castellón de la Plana; Castelló de la Plana (Catalan)
Valencian Community
Valencian Community
Municipalities
Ciudad Real
Ciudad Real
Ciudad Real
Castilla-La Mancha
Castilla-La Mancha
Municipalities
Córdoba
Córdoba
Córdoba; Cordova (English, archaic)
Andalusia
Andalusia
Municipalities
Cuenca
Cuenca
Cuenca
Castilla-La Mancha
Castilla-La Mancha
Municipalities
Guipúzcoa
Gipuzkoa
(Basque); Guipúzcoa (Spanish)
San Sebastián (Spanish); Donostia (Basque)
Basque Country
Basque Country
Municipalities
Girona
Girona
(Catalan); Gerona (Spanish)
Girona (Catalan); Gerona (Spanish)
Catalonia
Catalonia
Municipalities
Granada
Granada
Granada
Andalusia
Andalusia
Municipalities
Guadalajara
Guadalajara
Guadalajara
Castilla-La Mancha
Castilla-La Mancha
Municipalities
Huelva
Huelva
Huelva
Andalusia
Andalusia
Municipalities
Huesca
Huesca
Huesca (Spanish); Uesca (Aragonese)
Aragon
Aragon
Municipalities
Jaén
Jaén
Jaén
Andalusia
Andalusia
Municipalities
La Rioja
La Rioja
Logroño
La Rioja
La Rioja
Municipalities
Las Palmas
Las Palmas
Las Palmas
Canary Islands
Canary Islands
Municipalities
León
León
(Spanish); Llión (Leonese)
León (Spanish); Llión (Leonese)
Castilla y León
Castile and León
Municipalities
Lleida
Lleida (Catalan); Lérida (Spanish)
Lleida (Catalan); Lérida (Spanish)
Catalonia
Catalonia
Municipalities
Lugo
Lugo
Lugo
Galicia
Galicia
Municipalities
Community of Madrid
Madrid
Madrid
Community of Madrid
Community of Madrid
Municipalities
Málaga
Málaga
Málaga
Andalusia
Andalusia
Municipalities
Region of Murcia
Murcia
Murcia
Region of Murcia
Region of Murcia
Municipalities
Navarre
Navarre
; Nafarroa (Basque); Navarra (Spanish)
Pamplona; Iruña (Basque)
Navarre
Navarre
Municipalities
Ourense
Ourense
(Galician); Orense (Spanish)
Ourense (Galician); Orense (Spanish)
Galicia
Galicia
Municipalities
Palencia
Palencia
Palencia
Castilla y León
Castile and León
Municipalities
Pontevedra
Pontevedra
Pontevedra
Galicia
Galicia
Municipalities
Salamanca
Salamanca
Salamanca
Castilla y León
Castile and León
Municipalities
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Canary Islands
Canary Islands
Municipalities
Segovia
Segovia
Segovia
Castilla y León
Castile and León
Municipalities
Seville
Seville
; Sevilla (Spanish)
Seville; Sevilla (Spanish)
Andalusia
Andalusia
Municipalities
Soria
Soria
Soria
Castilla y León
Castile and León
Municipalities
Tarragona
Tarragona
Tarragona
Catalonia
Catalonia
Municipalities
Teruel
Teruel
Teruel
Aragon
Aragon
Municipalities
Toledo
Toledo
Toledo
Castilla-La Mancha
Castilla-La Mancha
Municipalities
Valencian Community
Valencia
; València (Catalan)
Valencia; València (Catalan)
Valencia Community
Valencian Community
Municipalities
Valladolid
Valladolid
Valladolid
Castilla y León
Castile and León
Municipalities
Zamora
Zamora
Zamora
Castilla y León
Castile and León
Municipalities
Zaragoza
Zaragoza
; Saragossa (English)
Zaragoza; Saragossa (English)
Aragon
Aragon
Municipalities

See also

General:

Notes

  1. ^ In other languages of Spain:

External links

This page was last edited on 20 March 2019, at 11:39
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