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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1. Nose; 2. Lips; 3. Teeth; 4. Palate; 5.
1. Nose; 2. Lips; 3. Teeth; 4. Palate; 5.

Pronunciation is the way in which a word or a language is spoken. This may refer to generally agreed-upon sequences of sounds used in speaking a given word or language in a specific dialect ("correct pronunciation"), or simply the way a particular individual speaks a word or language.

A word can be spoken in different ways by various individuals or groups, depending on many factors, such as: the duration of the cultural exposure of their childhood, the location of their current residence, speech or voice disorders,[1] their ethnic group, their social class, or their education.[2]

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  • 15 ways to improve your English pronunciation
  • American English Pronunciation Dictionary
  • 10 English Words You're (probably) Mispronouncing! | Difficult Pronunciation | Common Mistakes

Transcription

hello my name is Emma and in today's video I am going to teach you how to be better at pronunciation I'm going to teach you 15 ways to improve your pronunciation so this is a very important video because I know a lot of students are very embarrassed with their pronunciation sometimes people don't understand what they're saying and they feel really sad about it so this video will really help you if you've ever felt embarrassed or had trouble with your pronunciation okay so let's get started with the first kick so my first tip is about how we pronounce different sounds pronunciation is really about what your lips are doing what your tongue is doing as well as what your throat is doing so one way to improve your pronunciation is to know what is happening here okay these are all muscles you really want to get good at using these and knowing how to use them for what sounds okay so you want to be aware you want to be aware of what this area is doing so let me give you an example your lips for some sounds your lips are very spread okay very spread and tense so I want you to try something I have this word here beak II so you see with the e sound in the center beep it makes me smile okay so that's what my lips are doing they're smiling when I say this word beat it's the same with a word cheese when we take a picture okay your lips spread out now I want you to compare this with the word boat okay i have a very canadian pronunciation for those sound boat but when I say the word boat look at what my lips are doing boat okay are they very spread like a smile no they're actually in a circle boat okay so it's important to know what your lips are doing are they spread or are they in a circle are your lips are they like coming out like a wolf would like ooh or are they not are they if are they black so think about what your lips are doing when you're pronouncing different words and different sounds ok the next thing is your time this is your time ok so what's very important in pronunciation is where is your time ok so when you pronounce a sound is your tongue at the front of your mouth ok is it at the front or is it at the back of your mouth or sometimes it might be in the middle so paying attention to where your tongue is can really help you when you're practicing these be found also your throat this is your throat ok for some sounds I the sound mix your throat move it vibrates for other sounds you won't feel anything this does not move the sound actually comes from your mouth so let me give you an example we have a sound here as in tea and we have the sound here duh as in David ok so and now if we compare these two sounds you'll notice t if I say here does not move there's no vibration whereas if I just pronounce this sound duh duh this area does move ok so that's very important in pronunciation especially with ed endings when you're learning about the past tense knowing if this is moving or not moving is very very important ok so again things to be focused on when you're trying to practice a sound you should be focused on what your lips are doing what your tongue is doing and what your throat is doing ok so my second tip the mirror okay you don't want to really be focused on this while you're actually talking to somebody in public because that can be a little bit embarrassing okay so if you're practicing sound maybe somebody might look at you and think you're a little bit crazy so this is something good to do at home and it's good to look in the mirror and look actually at what your lips are doing what your tongue is doing and you know do some practice to practice different different words and see what your mouth is doing with each word you can also look at other people and try to pay attention to what their mouths are doing when they're saying these words also okay so great way to practice is looking in the mirror another thing you can do for practice is actually have a tape recorder or your cell phone and record yourself okay so you can say a sound you can say a word and you can film yourself saying the word because one problem a lot of students have is they make mistakes in their pronunciation but they don't know they're making mistakes they can't hear it when they're actually saying it but when they record it you can go back and you can actually maybe here the mistakes or making okay so it's very good to listen to how you sound by recording yourself another helpful thing you can do is actually with your cell phone okay so on your phones a lot of people have voice texting where instead of texting with your hand you actually can just say what you want to say and the text will show up so if you have a phone that has this for texting it's a great way to actually see that you're actually saying words correctly because for example if I say the word dog and it shows up as duck then I know okay I didn't pronounce that word correctly so your phone can actually be great wait a great way to check that you're pronouncing things correctly also some students use Siri you know they ask Siri a question Siri where is the closest bakery if Syria has no idea what you're saying then that feedback but its ear if series able to tell you oh the nearest bakery is you know two blocks away then you know okay my pronunciation for that question was really good so using your phone can really help you with your pronunciation okay so another key idea for improving your pronunciation is number five learning the International phonetic alphabet so phonetic means about sounds okay so International phonetic alphabet really means the International sound alphabet so if you've ever looked in your dictionary and you kind of see sometimes a you'll see bracket in your dictionary beside the word and it has you know maybe the word for example B and if you look in the dictionary it says the word like this this would be the International phonetic alphabet it's showing you not how the word is spelt not how to spell the word but how to pronounce the word so this alphabet will teach you how to pronounce a found or a word so it's very very useful to learn so for example this word here B this is in regular english writing ok d ee be but if we wanted to know how this is written in the sound alphabet or the International phonetic alphabet you would see the word written as this but and this is actually II in the international phonetic alphabet so together I would know the sound is be okay so really great because in English spelling is always a problem with students sometimes the spelling does not tell you how to pronounce the word so if you find that really frustrating and difficult learning the International phonetic alphabet can really help you with your pronunciation okay another thing that can really help you is comparing okay comparing different sounds or different words so sometimes you know for example you'll have a word with a e sound like sheet you see I smile with that and then you'll have a bad word like the word shit so for this example comparing the two words and seeing how to actually what's different sheet shit you see the difference in my mouth comparing two words side-by-side can really really help you with your pronunciation okay another thing that can really help is number seven stress okay when we talk about stress in pronunciation we're not talking about like you know stress from doing a math test or something stress and pronunciation means louder and longer okay it's when we say a word and a part of the word we say louder and longer so I'll give you an example on how stress can help I have here two numbers 1330 okay when many students say numbers people don't understand what they're saying if you say 13 somebody might think you're actually saying 30 okay so this is a common thing that happens to students stress is the way to improve this if you know where to say the the part of the word louder and longer people will understand you better so for example 13 teen is louder and longer third is actually shorter 13 now compare this to 30 okay in this case sir is louder and longer and t is actually quite short okay so I want you to repeat after me 1330 okay you see the difference there so learning stress can really really help you improve your pronunciation now let's learn some more tips so my 82 tip number eight is about intonation you should definitely pay attention and learn intonation so what is intonation well that's like the music of language different languages have their own type of music to them and so in English it has its own music too so if you think about this this really means about when parts of what you're saying your sentence when it goes up at the end like mine just aired it went up or when it goes down okay so that's the intonation so for example I have here a question was it expensive did my voice go up or did it go down at the end I want you to think about it was it expensive alright if you said my voice it rose it went up you're correct so you'll notice that different sentences different types of questions you know different types of sentences have different intonation so that's something to really pay attention to okay another thing that can really help improve your pronunciation is contractions so what is a contraction well a contraction is when we short in two words into pretty much one word with apostrophe ok so for example i am i am emma right i am well oftentimes in conversation we we often instead of saying i am will say im so we'll use the contraction ok so we have IM compared to I'm and we just have this ' another example of a contraction is he will become hill and I've drawn a little Hill here with a man on top to remind you so he will is shortened to hill there are many contractions in English and they will really really help you in terms of your conversation and they're very good for pronunciation too okay oh there's one more F scotch this one I really liked this tip sing even if you have a terrible voice I actually am terrible I'm awful terrible at singing hopefully you'll have a better voice than me but even if you don't singing can really help you with your pronunciation it can help with intonation it can help with stress there's a lot of great songs to sing and also often when you sing it makes you relax okay so if you're really nervous about your pronunciation have fun sing a song and that can help you with it also a lot of students asked me are there any bands or any singers I would recommend for practicing singing in english i would say my top two wood and of course anyone you want to practice you is great any band you like you should definitely sing too but for me personally I really like Frank Sinatra and the beatles and the reason why is basing slower okay a lot of new music the singer sings very fast and so it's difficult to hear what they're saying with the Beatles and with Frank Sinatra their voice is usually quite clear and they sing slower so I find that it's a you know really great band and singer to sing too so I highly recommend practicing your singing in order to improve your pronunciation ok another tip that can really really help you is tiny twisters ok what's a tongue twister you probably have something similar in your language I'll give you an example of an English tongue twister to kind of show you what I mean she sells seashells by the seashore ok from what I just say I said something very fast a tongue twister is to help you with usually two or three different sounds so in this case the sounds I was looking at was and so oh she sells seashells by the seashore is a way to get me practicing these two sounds so at first what I would do with a tongue twister is start very slowly she sells seashells by the seashore and then after you practice a bit you can go a little bit faster she sells seashells by the seashore until finally you can go really fast and really fast she sells seashells by the seashore okay so tongue twisters are a lot of fun and we have them for many different sounds in English we have Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers okay we have there's a bunch of different ones if you google tongue twisters you'll find a bunch and these are great for practicing different sounds you can even have a competition with your friends see who is the best with these tongue twisters who can say them the fastest and correctly okay another great tip when you're trying to improve your pronunciation is when you learn a word or a sound try to think if there's the same sound in your language okay I remember when I was learning French there was the sound s and I for some reason I was having a lot of difficulty with it I couldn't figure out how to pronounce it when i was looking at french words then i found out that we have the exact same sound in English for example in the word met at so the word exert the sound is in French and English so once I knew that it existed in both languages I was able to find an example of an English word and then whenever I would try to pronounce a French word with that sound I remember the English word and it would help me with the pronunciation so for example in French the word for party is set or a bet and that runs with the English word net so it's good if you can think about any sounds in your language that also exists in English you can also think about sounds that don't exist in many languages are doesn't exist and L doesn't exist or maybe there's one sound that is both r and l whereas been english we have two different sounds okay so try to come up with what are the things that are the same in your language and what are some of the differences and you know you can definitely practice those okay number 13 feedback feedback from friends okay if you have any friends who are native speakers of English or even just you know your friends who are also learning English you can ask them for help with your pronunciation sometimes you know especially if you know people from different cultures different people from different countries have different pronunciation problems in English okay so you might have trouble with our and maybe your friend has trouble with you know the S sound in English so you guys can come together and you can practice and give feedback help each other out on the sound okay if you know a native speaker of English you can do the same thing you can ask them did i pronounce that correctly did I make a mistake and you know hopefully they can help you with that also so using your friends is something that i would highly recommend to do number 14 probably the most important tip I have for you today is practice practice practice practice in English we say practice makes perfect and that's very true for pronunciation it's very important to practice the sound as much as possible until it becomes automatic okay the more you practice the easier it will get so definitely practice as much as you can but also i would recommend I've told students about this before you know practice as much as possible and I had one student who would practice on the subway and everybody would look at him like he was crazy because he would sit down and he would just keep repeating the sound again and again and again and then people wouldn't want to sit beside him because you know there he was a bit crazy so be aware of your surroundings when you practice again I highly recommend practicing at home in front of a mirror if you're you know repeating the sound again and again finally my final tip there are some really great websites you can check out for pronunciation help if you want to practice the international phonetic alphabet which I mentioned earlier the University of Iowa has a really really good website where it shows what your tongue is doing what your lips are doing and you can actually see a diagram of the mouth and you can kind of watch it in slow motion so it's a very very good website if you're interested in American Standard English another great website is in vid all right at w WM vidcom there you can actually take a quiz to see that you know you've mastered these different tips and you can also check out a lot of our other pronunciation videos we have pronunciate pronunciation videos on everything so i highly recommend coming there to our website to check it out until next time take care and good luck

Contents

Linguistic terminology

Syllables are counted as units of sound (phones) that they use in their language. The branch of linguistics which studies these units of sound is phonetics. Phones which play the same role are grouped together into classes called phonemes; the study of these is phonemics or phonematics or phonology. Phones as components of articulation are usually described using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA).[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Beech, John R.; Harding, Leonora; Hilton-Jones, Diana (1993). "Assessment of Articulation and Phonology". In Grunwell, Pam. Assessment in Speech and Language Therapy. CUP Archive. p. 55. ISBN 0-415-07882-2.
  2. ^ Paulston, Christina Bratt; Tucker, G. Richard (February 14, 2003). "Some Sociolinguistic Principles". In Labov, William. Sociolinguistics: The Essential Readings. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 234–250. ISBN 0-631-22717-2.
  3. ^ Schultz, Tanja (June 12, 2006). "Language Characteristics". In Kirchhoff, Katrin. Multilingual Speech Processing. Elsevier. p. 12. ISBN 0-12-088501-8.

External links


This page was last edited on 12 November 2018, at 09:40
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