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Principality of Taranto

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Principality of Taranto

Principato di Taranto
1088–1465
Approximate area of the Principality of Taranto within the Kingdom of Sicily, c. 1154
Approximate area of the Principality of Taranto within the Kingdom of Sicily, c. 1154
StatusVassal of:
Kingdom of Sicily
(1130-1282)
Kingdom of Naples
(1282-1465)
CapitalTaranto
GovernmentPrincipality
Prince 
• 1088–1111
Bohemond I (first)
• 1463–1465
Isabella (last)
History 
• Established
1088
30 March 1465
Preceded by
Succeeded by
County of Apulia and Calabria
Kingdom of Naples

The Principality of Taranto was a state in southern Italy created in 1088 for Bohemond I, eldest son of Robert Guiscard, as part of the peace between him and his younger brother Roger Borsa after a dispute over the succession to the Duchy of Apulia.

Taranto became the capital of the principality, which covered almost all of the heel of Apulia. During its subsequent 377 years of history, it was sometimes a powerful and almost independent feudal fief of the Kingdom of Sicily (and later of Naples), sometimes only a title, often given to the heir to the crown or to the husband of a reigning queen. When the House of Anjou was divided, Taranto fell to the house of Durazzo (1394–1463).

Ferdinand I of Naples united the Principality of Taranto to the Kingdom of Naples at the death of his wife, Isabella of Clermont. The principality came to an end, but the kings of Naples continued giving the title of Prince of Taranto to their sons, firstly to the future Alfonso II of Naples, eldest son of Isabella.

Counts

Princes

Hauteville (Altavilla) dynasty

Hohenstaufen (Svevia) dynasty

Angevin (Angiò) dynasty

  • 1266 - King Charles I (1227–1285), defeated Manfred and was created King of Sicily by the pope;
  • 1285 - King Charles II (1248–1309), son of Charles I, king of Naples;
  • 1294 - Philip I (1278–1331), son of Charles II, and titular Latin Emperor;
  • 1331 - Robert of Taranto (1299–1364), son of Philip I;
  • 1346 - Louis of Taranto (1308–1362), son of Philip I, simultaneously king of Naples;
  • 1364 - Philip II (1329–1374), son of Philip I, and titular Latin Emperor;
    • 1356 - Philip III, son of Philip II, died in his youth, the title returned to his father;

Baux (Del Balzo) dynasty

Welf or Brunswick (Este del Guelfo) dynasty

Orsini dynasty

Princesses

See also

This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 14:25
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