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Prince Sultan Air Base

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Prince Sultan Air Base
قاعدة الأمير سلطان الجوية

Al Kharj Air Base
Part of Royal Saudi Air Force
Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia
E-3D 8 Sqn RAF taking off in Saudi Arabia 2003.JPEG
A Royal Air Force Boeing Sentry AEW.1 from No. 8 Squadron, RAF Waddington, deployed to the U.S. Air Force 363rd Air Expeditionary Wing, prepares to take off for a mission from Prince Sultan Air Base,
Coordinates24°03′19″N 047°33′49″E / 24.05528°N 47.56361°E / 24.05528; 47.56361
Site information
Controlled by Royal Saudi Air Force
Site history
Built1951
In use1951 – present
Garrison information
GarrisonRSAF Wing 6
Airfield information
Summary
Elevation AMSL1,651 ft / 503 m
Map
Prince Sultan Air Base is located in Saudi Arabia
Prince Sultan Air Base
Prince Sultan Air Base
Location of airport in Saudi Arabia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
17R/35L 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
Sources:[1][2]

Prince Sultan Air Base (Arabic: قاعدة الأمير سلطان الجوية‎) (IATA: AKH[3], ICAO: OEPS) (PSAB) is a military air base located in the closed-city Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia.[1]

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Transcription

Contents

History

There was formerly a large United States presence there during Operations Southern Watch, Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. The U.S. presence was predominantly that of multiple United States Air Force (USAF) flying units, augmented by a United States Navy (USN) or United States Marine Corps (USMC) Northrop Grumman EA-6B Prowler squadron, a Royal Air Force (RAF) fighter squadron with Panavia Tornado F.3s and a French Air Force fighter squadron with Dassault Mirage 2000s, Mirage F1 CR plus a Boeing C-135RF Stratotanker air refueling aircraft. Following the attack on USAF facilities at Khobar Towers in Dharan in 1996, all USAF activities at that location were relocated to PSAB.

An Air National Guard F-15C Eagle fighter taking off from Prince Sultan Air Base in 2000
An Air National Guard F-15C Eagle fighter taking off from Prince Sultan Air Base in 2000

Before 11 September 2001, per agreement with the Saudi Arabian government, all U.S. and Allied aircraft stationed at PSAB were to be of a "defensive" versus "offensive" nature. This was due to Arab sensitivities that non-Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF) aircraft in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia should be perceived as being there for the defense of the Kingdom.

During Operation Southern Watch, this required aircraft carrying offensive strike ordnance for use against ground targets in Iraq to be stationed in Kuwait or aboard aircraft carriers in the Persian Gulf. USAF, USN, USMC, RAF and French aircraft that were based at PSAB primarily consisted of airborne early warning, reconnaissance, air refueling, electronic warfare, suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD) and air-to-air fighter aircraft, along with transient airlift aircraft. U.S. squadrons came under the operational control of the, formerly 4404th Wing (Provisional), 363rd Air Expeditionary Wing (363 AEW) at PSAB, with associated squadrons or detachments prior to 11 Sep 2001 rotated in and out from their home bases in Europe, the United States or the Pacific on a 90-day to 6-month basis. During Operation Southern Watch, in addition to Active Component aircraft, the USAF made extensive use of Air National Guard (ANG) and Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon and Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft and associated personnel on rotational assignments to PSAB. The United States Navy, Navy Reserve and United States Marine Corps also employed EA-6B aircraft from PSAB as well.

In August and early September 1998, Joint Task Force Southwest Asia (JTF-SWA) and its associated Coalition Air Operations Center (CAOC) were in the process of relocating from the Eskan Village complex in Riyadh to PSAB concurrent with construction of a more modern and expanded CAOC at PSAB. Events of 25 June 1996 (Khobar Towers bombing) accelerated this movement, so that subsequent command and control of all Coalition air operations for Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom were executed from PSAB, before 11 September 2001.

In mid-2003, all U.S. operations at PSAB began migrating to Al Udeid Air Base in Doha, Qatar.

Between 2003 and 2005 Vickers VC10s from No. 101 Squadron RAF were based here in support of Operation Telic before moving to RAF Al Udeid (a section of the Al Udeid Air Base in Qatar).[4]

Current use

Facilities

The air base resides at an elevation of 1,651 feet (503 m) above mean sea level. It has two runways designated 17L/R/35L/R with an asphalt surface measuring 4,000 by 45 metres (13,123 ft × 148 ft).[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Airport information for OEPS from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
  2. ^ Airport information for AKH at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  3. ^ "Airline and Airport Code Search (AKH: Prince Sultan AB, Al Kharj)". International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  4. ^ "19 Years Over Iraq". The Official RAF Annual Review 2010. Stamford: Key Publishing: 11. December 2010.
  5. ^ "Royal Saudi Air Force - Al Kharj (Prince Sultan Air Base) (OEPS)". Scramble.nl. Retrieved 8 July 2014.

External links

This page was last edited on 30 January 2019, at 03:50
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