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Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (1772–1806)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia
Prince Louis aged 27
Portrait by Jean-Laurent Mosnier, 1799
Born18 November 1772
Friedrichsfelde Palace, Berlin
Died10 October 1806(1806-10-10) (aged 33)
Battle of Saalfeld
Names
Friedrich Ludwig Christian
HouseHouse of Hohenzollern
FatherPrince August Ferdinand of Prussia
MotherElisabeth Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt

Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (Friedrich Ludwig Christian; 18 November 1772 – 10 October 1806), was a Prussian prince, soldier in the Napoleonic Wars, composer and pianist. The 1927 German film Prinz Louis Ferdinand was a biopic of his life.

Early life

Louis Ferdinand was born in Friedrichsfelde Palace near Berlin. He was a son of Prince August Ferdinand of Prussia and Elisabeth Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt, and was a nephew of King Frederick the Great. He was given the baptismal name Friedrich Ludwig Christian was called Louis and was soon given the nickname Ferdinand (after his father), so that he could be distinguished from his second degree nephew, also named Louis, Prince Friedrich Ludwig Karl of Prussia (1773–1796).

Military career

The Death of Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, by Peter Edward Stroehling
The Death of Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, by Peter Edward Stroehling

Louis Ferdinand participated in the French Revolutionary Wars, fighting in the War of the First Coalition in 1792 to 1794 near Longwy and Verdun, took part in the Valmy cannonade and was wounded during the Siege of Mainz. Newly promoted to major general, he took part in the Battle of Kaiserslautern in November 1793. On February 23, 1795, Louis Ferdinand was appointed chief of the “von Baden” infantry regiment. From the end of May 1796, he served as a brigadier to the corps of his nephew, which was intended to cover the demarcation line in Westphalia. On the occasion of the military review at Petershagen, Louis Ferdinand was promoted to lieutenant general on June 2, 1799, with a patent from May 20, 1799.

In 1806, he was one of the principal advocates of resuming the war against Napoleon and the First French Empire, triggering the War of the Fourth Coalition.

He died during the opening engagement of the war, at the Battle of Saalfeld. Louis Ferdinand was in command of 8,300 men when he advanced against marshall Jean Lannes' V Corps as they attempted to break out from the passes of Thuringian Forest. In that battle, he engaged a much larger French force (12,800 men), led by Lannes himself. The French held the high ground, while the Prussians had the Saale River behind their backs, which would make a retreat difficult. When he saw his forces beginning to rout, Louis Ferdinand charged the French cavalry. He was killed in combat by Jean-Baptiste Guindey, quartermaster of the French 10th Hussars, after Louis Ferdinand refused an offer to surrender and wounded the French NCO.[1][2] As a prominent leader of the Prussian court, his death was deeply felt.

Musical activities

Apart from being a soldier, Louis Ferdinand was also a gifted musician and composer. Johann Friedrich Reichardt, Kapellmeister to Frederick II and Frederick William II, considered him a great pianist. Early on Louis Ferdinand also started to compose music but he was not recognized for his compositional activities until later. His early pieces were performed by the orchestra of Prince Henry, the brother of Fredrick the Great. Later on, Prince Louis Ferdinand joined several salons in Berlin, where he frequently improvised on the piano. Among his circle of acquaintances were figures such as Schlegel, Wackenroder, and Tieck, all of whom were highly interested in music as well. Ludwig van Beethoven dedicated his Third Piano Concerto to him, a sign of high esteem for his piano playing.[3] Anton Reicha's massive variation cycle, L'art de varier, was also written for Louis Ferdinand.

In 1842, Franz Liszt wrote an Élégie sur des motifs du Prince Louis Ferdinand de Prusse, S. 168, for piano solo.

Musical works

The following is a complete list of compositions by Prince Louis Ferdinand with opus numbers:[4]

  • Opus 1: Piano Quintet in C minor (published 1803)
  • Opus 2: Piano Trio No. 1 in A-flat major (published 1806)
  • Opus 3: Piano Trio No. 2 in E-flat major (published 1806)
  • Opus 4: Andante with Variations in B-flat major for piano quartet (published 1806)
  • Opus 5: Piano Quartet No. 1 in E-flat major (published 1806)
  • Opus 6: Piano Quartet No. 2 in F minor (published 1806)
  • Opus 7: Fugue in G minor for piano (published 1807)
  • Opus 8: Nocturne in F major for flute, 2 horns and piano quartet (published 1808)
  • Opus 9: Rondo No. 1 in B-flat major for piano and orchestra (published 1808)
  • Opus 10: Piano Trio No. 3 in E-flat major (published 1806)
  • Opus 11: Larghetto with Variations in G major for piano quintet (published 1806)
  • Opus 12: Octet in F minor for clarinet, 2 horns, 2 violins, 2 cellos and piano (published 1808)
  • Opus 13: Rondo No. 2 in E-flat major for piano and orchestra (published 1823)

Family

Ludwig von Wildenbruch was the elder of two illegitimate children born to Henriette Fromme.

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ Andre Castelot: Napoleon.
  2. ^ Helmuth, C (1862). Preussische Kriegschronik: Kurzgefaßte Darstellung der Feldzüge von 1640–1850 [Chronicles of the Prussian Wars: A Brief Description of the Campaigns from 1640–1850] (in German). p. 327: Gustav Hörnecke. ISBN 978-1241766870.CS1 maint: location (link)
  3. ^ See Barbara H. McMurtry: Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia. Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed 2 August 2007).
  4. ^ H. Kretzschmar: Louis Ferdinand, Prinz von Preussen: Musikalische Werke. Leipzig, 1910.
  5. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 19.
  • B. Nadolny: Louis Ferdinand. Düsseldorf, 1967
  • E. Klessmann: Louis Ferdinand von Preussen, 1772–1806. Munich, 1972
  • B.H. McMurtry: The Music of Prince Louis Ferdinand. diss., University of Illinois, 1972
  • N. Miller: "Ein höchst poetische Natur...": Prinz Louis Ferdinand und der Klassizismus in der preussischen Musik, Mendelssohn-Studien, v (1982): 79–98

External links

This page was last edited on 28 May 2021, at 05:23
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