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President of Sierra Leone

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

President of the Republic of Sierra Leone
Coat of arms of Sierra Leone.svg
Flag of the President of Sierra Leone.svg
Presidential Flag
Incumbent
Julius Maada Bio

since 23 May 2018
StyleHis/ Her Excellency
ResidenceState House
Term lengthFive years
(renewable only once)
Inaugural holderChristopher Okoro Cole (acting)
FormationConstitution of Sierra Leone
19 April 1971; 48 years ago (1971-04-19)
DeputyVice President of Sierra Leone
SalaryUS$1000 (per month)
Websitehttp://www.statehouse.gov.sl/
Coat of arms of Sierra Leone.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sierra Leone
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg
Sierra Leone portal

The President of the Republic of Sierra Leone is the head of state and the head of government of Sierra Leone, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces.

As the head of the executive branch of the Sierra Leone government, the president implements laws passed by parliament. The president has influence especially over members of the party of the President in the legislative branch of Parliament. The president constitutionally appoints judges of the Sierra Leone Judicial branch, including judges of the high court, the court of appeals and the Supreme Court. The president heads a Cabinet of ministers, which must be approved by the Parliament. The president is the most powerful, and the most influential person in the Government of Sierra Leone.

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Transcription

Contents

Term

The president is elected by popular vote to a maximum of two five-year terms.

Election

Presidential candidates must be Sierra Leonean citizens by birth who are at least 40 years old, able to speak and read English, and be a member of a political party. Presidential candidates must win at least 55 percent of the vote in order to be elected in a single round. If no candidate gets the 55 percent requirement, there will be a second-round runoff between the top two candidates with the most votes in the first round. The current president of Sierra Leone is Julius Maada Bio. Julius Bio was sworn in as president on 12 May 2018, three weeks after the results of the 2018 Sierra Leonean general election were declared.[1]

Residence

The President of Sierra Leone official and principal workplace is at State House, located in Tower Hill in central Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone.

The president of Sierra Leone has two official residence. The first is at State Lodge, located in the affluent neighborhood of Hill Station in the west end of Freetown; the second is at Kabassa Lodge, located in the affluent neighborhood of Juba Hill in the west end of Freetown.[2]

The current president Julius Maada Wonie Bio uses the State Lodge at Hill Station as his official residence.[3] The former president of Sierra Leone Ahmad Tejan Kabbah used State Lodge as his residence. Former Sierra Leone presidents Joseph Saidu Momoh and Siaka Stevens used the Kabassa Lodge at Juba Hill as their official residence.

Security and protection

The President of Sierra Leone is heavily guarded by the Presidential Guard, which is made up of a special unit of soldiers of the Sierra Leone Armed Forces and a special unit of police officers of the Operational Support Division of the Sierra Leone Police Force.

List of Presidents

Presidents Term of Office Political Party
Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Took Office Left Office
Sierra Leone (1961–1971)
1 Sir Milton Margai
(1895–1964)
No image.svg
27 April 1961 28 April 1964
(Died in Office)
Sierra Leone People's Party
2 Maurice Henry Dorman

(1912–1993)

28 April 1964 28 April 1964 Independent
3 Sir Albert Margai
(1910–1980)
No image.svg
28 April 1964 21 March 1967 Sierra Leone People's Party
4 Henry Josiah Lightfoot Boston

(1898–1969)

21 March 1967 21 March 1967 Independent
5 Banja Tejan-Sie

(1917–2000)

21 March 1967 21 March 1967 Independent
6 Siaka Stevens
(1905–1988)
Siaka Stevens (from Bank note).jpg
21 March 1967 (minutes)
(Deposed)
All People's Congress
Military rule (1967–1968
7 Brigadier David Lansana
(1922–1975)
David Lansana 1965-04-29 (cropped).jpg
21 March 1967 25 March 1967 Military
8 Ambrose Patrick Genda

(1927–2001)

25 March 1967 25 March 1967 National Reformation Council
9 Commissioner Leslie William Leigh
(1921–1980)
25 March 1967 28 March 1968 National Reformation Council
10 Brigadier Andrew Juxon-Smith
(1931–1996)
28 March 1968 18 April 1968 National Reformation Council
11 <small>Warrant Officer 1st Class</small> Patrick Conteh

(19?–?)

18 April 1968 18 April 1968 National Reformation Council
12 Brigadier John Amadu Bangura
(1930–1970)
18 April 1968 22 April 1968 National Reformation Council
Sierra Leone (1968–1971)
13 Siaka Stevens
(1905–1988)
Siaka Stevens (from Bank note).jpg
22 April 1968 17 April 1971 All People's Congress
14 Sorie Ibrahim Koroma
(1930–1994)
No image.svg
17 April 1971 17 April 1971 All People's Congress
15 Christian Alusine Kamara-Taylor
(1917–1985)
No image.svg
17 April 1971 19 April 1971 All People's Congress
First Republic (1971–1992)
16 Christopher Okoro Cole

(1921–1990)

19 April 1971 21 April 1971 Independent
17 Siaka Stevens

(1905–1988)

Siaka Stevens (from Bank note).jpg
21 April 1971 28 November 1985 All People's Congress
18 Joseph Saidu Momoh
(1937–2003)
28 November 1985 29 April 1992
(deposed)
All People's Congress
Chairmen of the National Provisional Defense Council
19 John Benjamini ( 1952 —) 29 April 1992 29 April 1992
20 Captain Yahya Kanu

(d. 1992)

29 April 1992 1 May 1992 Military
21 Akim A. Gibril (b. 1946) 1 May 1992 1 May 1992 Military
Chairmen of the Supreme Council of State
22 Captain Valentine Strasser
(b. 1967)
1 May 1992 17 January 1996 Military
23 Brigadier Julius Maada Bio
(b. 1964)
17 January 1996 29 March 1996 Military
Second Republic (1996–1997)
24 Ahmad Tejan Kabbah
(1932–2014)
Ahmed Tejan Kabbah.jpg
29 March 1996 25 May 1997 Sierra Leone People's Party
Chairman of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council
25 Major Johnny Paul Koroma
(1960–2003?)
25 May 1997 12 February 1998 Armed Forces Revolutionary Council
Second Republic (1998–present)
26 Ahmad Tejan Kabbah
(1932–2014)
Ahmed Tejan Kabbah.jpg
12 February 1998 17 September 2007 Sierra Leone People's Party
27 Ernest Bai Koroma
(1953–)
Ernest Bai Koroma.jpg
17 September 2007 4 April 2018 All People's Congress
28 Julius Maada Bio
(1964–)
Julius Maada Bio White House delegation 2018 (cropped).jpg
4 April 2018 8 May 2018 Sierra Leone People's Party
Presidents Chief Minister of Sierra Leone
29 David J. Francis

(1965–)


8 May 2018 23 May 2018 Independent
President of Sierra Leone
30 Julius Maada Bio
(1964–)
Julius Maada Bio White House delegation 2018 (cropped).jpg
23 May 2018 Incumbent Sierra Leone People's Party



See also

References

This page was last edited on 24 October 2019, at 05:17
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