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Premier of Queensland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Premier of Queensland is the head of government in the Australian state of Queensland.

By convention the Premier is the leader of the party with a parliamentary majority in the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Queensland. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of Queensland.

The incumbent Premier of Queensland since the 2017 election is Annastacia Palaszczuk of the Labor Party.

Constitutional role

Under section 42 of the Constitution of Queensland the Premier and other members of Cabinet are appointed by the Governor and are collectively responsible to Parliament. The text of the Constitution assigns to the Premier certain powers, such as the power to assign roles (s. 25) to Assistant Ministers (formerly known as Parliamentary Secretaries), and to appoint Ministers as acting Ministers (s. 45) for a period of 14 days.

In practice, under the conventions of the Westminster System followed in Queensland, the Premier's power is derived from two sources: command of a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and the Premier's role as chair of Cabinet, determining the appointment and roles of Ministers. Although ministerial appointments are the prerogative of the Governor of Queensland, in normal circumstances the Governor will make these appointments under the "advice" (in reality, direction) of the Premier.

Immediately following an election for the Legislative Assembly, the Governor will call on the leader of the party which commands a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and ask them to commission a government. A re-elected government will be resworn, with adjustments to the ministry as determined by the Premier.

Premier's office

The Premier has an office in the Executive Annexe of Parliament House, Brisbane, which is normally used while Parliament is sitting. At other times the Premier's ministerial office is in 1 William Street, which is across the road from the Executive Annexe.

List of Premiers of Queensland

Before the 1890s, there was no developed party system in Queensland. Political affiliation labels before that time indicate a general tendency only. Before the end of the first decade of the twentieth century, political parties were more akin to parliamentary factions, and were fluid, informal and disorganised by modern standards.

No. Name
(lifespan)
Portrait Term of Office Party Constituency Election(s) Won
1 Robert Herbert
Queensland State Archives 2954 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert Premier of Queensland c 1862.png
10 December 1859 1 February 1866 Squatter Conservative Leichardt 1860
1863
2 Arthur Macalister
Arthur Macalister.jpg
1 February 1866 20 July 1866 None Town of Ipswich -
(1) Robert Herbert
Queensland State Archives 2954 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert Premier of Queensland c 1862.png
20 July 1866 7 August 1866 Squatter Conservative West Moreton -
(2) Arthur Macalister
Arthur Macalister.jpg
7 August 1866 15 August 1867 None Town of Ipswich -
3 Robert Mackenzie
RobertRamsayMackenzie.jpg
15 August 1867 25 November 1868 Squatter Conservative Burnett 1867
4 Charles Lilley
Charles Lilley.jpg
25 November 1868 2 May 1870 Liberal Hamlet of Fortitude Valley 1868
5 Arthur Palmer
Arthur Hunter Palmer.jpg
3 May 1870 7 January 1874 Squatter Conservative Port Curtis 1870
1871
(2) Arthur Macalister, CMG
Arthur Macalister.jpg
8 January 1874 5 June 1876 Liberal Ipswich 1873
6 George Thorn
George Thorn.jpg
5 June 1876 8 March 1877 Liberal Ipswich -
7 John Douglas, CMG
John Douglas.jpg
8 March 1877 21 January 1879 Liberal Maryborough -
8 Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG
Thomas McIlwraith.jpg
21 January 1879 13 November 1883 Conservative Mulgrave 1878
9 Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG, QC
SGriff1.jpg
13 November 1883 13 June 1888 Liberal North Brisbane 1883
(8) Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG
Thomas McIlwraith.jpg
13 June 1888 30 November 1888 Conservative Brisbane North -
10 Boyd Dunlop Morehead
Boyd Morehead.jpg
30 November 1888 12 August 1890 Conservative Balonne 1888
(9) Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG, QC
SGriff1.jpg
12 August 1890 27 March 1893 Liberal North Brisbane -
(8) Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG
Thomas McIlwraith.jpg
27 March 1893 27 October 1893 Conservative Brisbane North -
11 Sir Hugh Nelson, KCMG
Sir Hugh Nelson.jpg
27 October 1893 13 April 1898 Ministerial Murilla 1896
12 Thomas Joseph Byrnes
Thomas Joseph Byrnes.jpg
13 April 1898 1 October 1898 Ministerial Warwick -
13 James Dickson
James Robert Dickson.jpg
1 October 1898 1 December 1899 Ministerial Bulimba 1899
14 Anderson Dawson
AndersonDawson.jpg
1 December 1899 7 December 1899 Labour Charters Towers -
15 Robert Philp
Queensland State Archives 3062 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert Philp Premier of Queensland c 1900.png
7 December 1899 17 September 1903 Ministerial Townsville 1902
16 Arthur Morgan
Sir Arthur Morgan.jpg
17 September 1903 19 January 1906 Liberal Warwick 1904
17 William Kidston
William Kidston.jpg
19 January 1906 19 November 1907 Labor South Brisbane 1907
Kidstonite
(15) Robert Philp
Queensland State Archives 3062 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert Philp Premier of Queensland c 1900.png
19 November 1907 18 February 1908 Conservative Townsville -
(17) William Kidston
William Kidston.jpg
18 February 1908 7 February 1911 Kidston; Liberal Rockhampton 1908
1909
18 Digby Denham
Digby Denham.jpg
7 February 1911 1 June 1915 Liberal Oxley 1912
19 T. J. Ryan, KC
TJRyanPortrait.jpg
1 June 1915 22 October 1919 Labor Barcoo 1915
1918
20 Ted Theodore
Ted Theodore 1931.jpg
22 October 1919 26 February 1925 Labor Chillagoe 1920
1923
21 William Gillies
William Gillies 1920.jpg
26 February 1925 22 October 1925 Labor Eacham -
22 William McCormack
William McCormack.jpg
22 October 1925 21 May 1929 Labor Carins 1926
23 Arthur Edward Moore
Arthur Edward Moore.jpg
21 May 1929 17 June 1932 CPNP Aubigny 1929
24 William Forgan Smith
William Forgan Smith.jpg
17 June 1932 16 September 1942 Labor Mackay 1932
1935
1938
1941
25 Frank Cooper
Frank Cooper, circa 1949.jpg
16 September 1942 7 March 1946 Labor Bremer 1944
26 Ned Hanlon
Queensland State Archives 4694 Premier Hanlon MLA c 1952.png
7 March 1946 17 January 1952 Labor Ithaca 1947
1950
27 Vince Gair
Queensland State Archives 4750 Hon VC Gair Premier of Queensland c 1953.png
17 January 1952 12 August 1957 Labor South Brisbane 1953
1956
Queensland Labor
28 Frank Nicklin, MM
Frank Nicklin.jpg
12 August 1957 17 January 1968 Country Murrumba 1957
1960
1963
1966
29 Jack Pizzey
Jack Pizzey.jpg
17 January 1968 1 August 1968 Country Isis -
30 Gordon Chalk
Gordon Chalk 1963.jpg
1 August 1968 8 August 1968 Liberal Lockyer -
31 Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, KCMG
(knighted in 1984)
Joh Bjelke-Petersen.jpg
8 August 1968 1 December 1987 Country/National Barambah 1969
1972
1974
1977
1980
1983
1986
32 Mike Ahern
Mike Ahern, Parliament House, Brisbane City, October 1988.jpg
1 December 1987 25 September 1989 National Landsborough -
33 Russell Cooper
No image.png
25 September 1989 7 December 1989 National Roma -
34 Wayne Goss
Wayne Goss.png
7 December 1989 19 February 1996 Labor Logan 1989
1992
1995
35 Rob Borbidge
No image.png
19 February 1996 20 June 1998 National Surfers Paradise -
36 Peter Beattie
Peter Beattie, BYCC, August 2013 (cropped).jpg
20 June 1998 13 September 2007 Labor Brisbane Central 1998
2001
2004
2006
37 Anna Bligh
Anna Bligh crop.jpg
13 September 2007 26 March 2012 Labor South Brisbane 2009
38 Campbell Newman
Campbell Newman being interviewed (cropped).jpg
26 March 2012 14 February 2015 Liberal National Ashgrove 2012
39 Annastacia Palaszczuk
Annastacia Palaszczuk 2016.jpg
14 February 2015 Incumbent Labor Inala 2015
2017

Living former premiers

As of February 2015, six former premiers are alive, the oldest being Russell Cooper (1989, born 1941). The most recent premier to die was Wayne Goss (1951–2014), on 10 November 2014.

Name Term as premier Date of birth
Mike Ahern 1987–1989 (1942-06-02) 2 June 1942 (age 77)
Russell Cooper 1989 (1941-02-04) 4 February 1941 (age 78)
Rob Borbidge 1996–1998 (1954-08-12) 12 August 1954 (age 65)
Peter Beattie 1998–2007 (1952-11-18) 18 November 1952 (age 66)
Anna Bligh 2007–2012 (1960-07-14) 14 July 1960 (age 59)
Campbell Newman 2012–2015 (1963-08-12) 12 August 1963 (age 56)

Graphical timeline

Annastacia PalaszczukCampbell NewmanAnna BlighPeter BeattieRob BorbidgeWayne GossRussell CooperMichael Ahern (Australian politician)Joh Bjelke-PetersenGordon ChalkJack PizzeyFrancis NicklinVince GairNed Hanlon (politician)Frank CooperWilliam Forgan SmithArthur Edward MooreWilliam McCormackWilliam Gillies (Australian politician)Ted TheodoreT. J. RyanDigby DenhamWilliam KidstonArthur Morgan (Queensland politician)Robert PhilpAnderson DawsonJames DicksonThomas Joseph ByrnesHugh NelsonBoyd MoreheadSamuel GriffithThomas McIlwraithJohn Douglas (Queensland politician)George ThornArthur Hunter PalmerCharles LilleyRobert Mackenzie (Queensland politician)Arthur MacalisterRobert HerbertWorld War IIWorld War I

See also

References

External links

This page was last edited on 7 November 2019, at 15:31
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