To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Pratham (satellite)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pratham FM.jpg
Pratham Final Flight Model
Mission typeIonospheric
OperatorIIT Bombay
COSPAR ID2016-059A
SATCAT no.41783Edit this on Wikidata
WebsitePratham, IIT Bombay Student Satellite Initiative
Mission duration4 months
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerStudent Satellite Lab, IIT Bombay
Launch mass10.15 kilograms (22.4 lb)
Start of mission
Launch dateSeptember 26, 2016
Launch siteSatish Dhawan, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth

Pratham is an Indian ionospheric research satellite which will be operated by the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay as part of the Student Satellite Initiative. Its primary mission is to count electrons in the Earth's ionosphere.[1]

The Pratham spacecraft is a cube with 30-centimetre (12 in) sides and a mass of around 10.15 kilograms (22.4 lb).[2] It was conceptualized by a team of students under the supervision of Professor K. Sudhakar.[3] Pratham was successfully launched on 26 September 2016 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh along with 7 other satellites on PSLV C-35.


'Pratham' has a Four-fold Mission[1] Statement:

  1. Enabling students and faculty to gain knowledge and experience in the field of Satellite and Space Technology.
  2. Empowering the Satellite Team with the skills to develop the Satellite through various phases of Design, Analysis, Fabrication and Testing until the Flight Model is made.
  3. Launching the satellite into orbit and measuring Total Electron Count of the Ionosphere.
  4. Involving students from other universities in our Satellite mission by building ground stations in their universities.

See also

External links


  1. ^ a b "Mission". Pratham. IIT Bombay Student Satellite Initiative. Archived from the original on 17 July 2009. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
  2. ^ Kartha, Riya (20 August 2008). "At IIT-Bombay, a satellite built by students takes shape". Express India. Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
  3. ^ "Team". Pratham. IIT Bombay Student Satellite Initiative. Archived from the original on 19 December 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
This page was last edited on 25 January 2021, at 15:07
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.