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Power Without Glory

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Power Without Glory
Power without glory.jpg
First edition
AuthorFrank J. Hardy
CountryAustralia
LanguageEnglish
GenreThriller, novel
PublisherRealist Printing & Publishing Co
Publication date
1950
Media typePrint (Hardback & Paperback)
Pages669 pp
ISBN0-09-184206-9
OCLC47707257

Power Without Glory is a 1950 historical novel written by Australian author Frank Hardy, following the life and ambitions of John West, a politician born into a working class family who rises to prominence in Australian federal politics.

Following the novel's publication, Ellen Wren, the wife of bookmaker and businessman John Wren sued Hardy for libel, claiming that the characters of John West and his wife Nellie were modelled on the Wrens, and that Nellie's affair in the novel was libellous to Ellen Wren.[1] Ultimately Hardy was cleared and publication allowed.[2]

Publication

The work was originally self-published, with illustrations by Hardy's friend "Amb" Dyson, with the subtitle "a novel in three parts by Frank J. Hardy, Ross Franklyn". "Ross Franklyn" was the pseudonym Hardy had always used prior to Power Without Glory. This combination of real name and pen name was also used in Hardy's 1961 book The Hard Way which describes the difficulties "Ross Franklyn" had in having the book published, and the problems Frank Hardy faced in answering the criminal libel charge against him arising from the publication.[3]

Hardy was a member of the Communist Party of Australia, which features in the novel as the enemy of the protagonist. After the novel's publication, Hardy would run unsuccessfully for office as a member of the Communist Party.[4]

Hardy wrote in his later work, The Hard Way, that he felt dissatisfied with the final chapters of the novel. In his desire to complete the long work at a manageable length for publication, and with the threats regarding the novel's publication, Hardy felt the final chapters were hurried.

Novel

Power Without Glory follows the life of John West, who is born into an impoverished family in the fictitious Melbourne suburb of Carringbush, which is based on the actual suburbs of Abbotsford and Collingwood. When the novel opens, in 1893, West is twenty-four years old and already involved in criminal activities including gambling and bookmaking. The novel follows West's life as he rises to be a highly ambitious businessman and corrupt politician, as a powerbroker for the Australian Labor Party power-broker, John Wren.

The novel is partly set during World War I, and the debate about conscription is a major issue in the novel. John West is a fierce patriot who supports conscription, and his sometimes fiery arguments with the Irish-Catholic Archbishop of Melbourne, who opposes conscription on the grounds that to send men to aid England was contrary to his, and Ireland's, historical enmity with that country.

West's family dramas are many: his brother Arthur spends time in jail for aiding and abetting a crime of rape, West's wife Nellie has an affair with a tradesman and falls pregnant with his child, and his daughter becomes a member of the Communist Party of Australia in the years after the War.

West's relationship with Communism is a hateful one, and he heavily finances the efforts of the (real life) anti-communist, Roman Catholic B.A. Santamaria. This crusade damages both his family fortunes and his marriage, and continues until West's death as an old man in 1950.

Characters

The novel can be considered a Roman à clef, or a novel in which many of the characters correlate with real-life figures of the time, including Victorian Premier Sir Thomas Bent and Prime Minister James Scullin.

The following list attempts to align Power Without Glory characters with real historical persons who may have been inspirational to the author. Recognisable features do not necessarily imply any attempt at an exact correlation. Hardy himself conceded or even affirmed some such correlations, but says in The Hard Way that many such lists were being created and passed around by parties without his involvement, perhaps even without his knowledge.

Locations

  • APSOM — Epsom Racecourse, Mordialloc
  • BAGVILLE STREET — Sackville Street, Collingwood
  • CARRINGBUSHCollingwood
  • CHIRRABOO — Chillagoe, Queensland
  • JACKSON STREET — Johnston Street, Fitzroy and Collingwood
  • RALSTONE — Richmond (though note there has been a Ralston St in South Yarra – across the river from Richmond – since 1857 [1])
  • RICHTON — Richmond Racecourse
  • ROYAL OAK HOTEL — Royal Mail Hotel
  • SILVER STREET — Gold Street, Collingwood

Court case

Hardy was tried for criminal libel in 1951 on the basis of the depiction in the novel of West's wife having an affair but he was acquitted by jury, after putting a number of arguments and cross-examining witnesses. It was the last prosecution for criminal (as opposed to civil) libel in Victoria.

The case attracted enormous publicity, coinciding as it did with the anti-Communist referendum and served mainly to give the novel and any negative portrayal of Wren greater prominence. Hardy readily conceded that he had published the work, and so the defense was built on the remaining two points, of whether the informant Ellen Wren was in fact identical with the character Nellie West, and if so, whether in fact the publication was defamatory.

Witnesses had testified that they recognized Ellen in the character of Nellie, and that she had been defamed. Hardy's successful defense, as described in The Hard Way, argued that while the character of John West had character traits of John Wren, he was also an amalgam of ideas, with many events in the story not correlating to Wren's life. Hardy argued that if John Wren was not solely based on John West, then the character's wife could not solely be based on Ellen Wren. Hardy was acquitted of all charges, and the novel was published to a wider audience than its initial publication.

Historians have debated whether Ellen Wren did actually have an affair and conceive an illegitimate son, as in the novel. In The Hard Way, Hardy denied ever having spoken to any member of the Wren family during his extensive research for the book, claiming the affair was entirely fictional. However in 2005, Monash University academic Jenny Hocking claimed to have discovered archival material supporting the argument that Ellen Wren did indeed have an affair with a tradesperson, and that Hardy may have had knowledge of the affair.[6]

TV series adaptation

In 1976, the novel was made into a 26-episode ABC-TV series starring Martin Vaughan as West.[7] While Nellie's affair with the brickie is depicted, the affair does not produce a child. The series won numerous Logie, Penguin and Sammy Awards.[8][9]

Hardy wrote several books examining his experiences arising from writing Power Without Glory, including The Hard Way: The Story Behind Power without Glory (1961), Who Shot George Kirkland?: A Novel About the Nature of Truth (1981), and But the Dead are Many: A Novel in Fugue Form (1975). In these a central theme is the ambiguity between truth and fiction.

References

  1. ^ "Witness 'Would Have Liked To Kill Hardy'". The Argus. Melbourne. 17 January 1951. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  2. ^ Griffin, James: Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 12, 1990 accessed 6 June 2020
  3. ^ "The living are few, Frank tells us, But The Dead Are Many" (PDF). Trojan Press. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  4. ^ Lennon, Troy (21 March 2017). "Power of Frank Hardy's words won glory for working class". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  5. ^ "William James Beckett (Appointed C.B.E in January 1953.)". re-member: a database of all Victorian MPs since 1851. Parliament of Victoria. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  6. ^ Steger, Jason (12 November 2005). "Mrs Wren and the brickie: the veil lifted". The Age. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  7. ^ Frank Hardy (1961). The Hard Way, Fontana edition 1976. Fontana.
  8. ^ "Power Without Glory". Memorable TV. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  9. ^ "Logie Awards 1974 -177". australiantelevision.net. Retrieved 18 January 2015.

External links

This page was last edited on 12 September 2021, at 06:06
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