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Polotsk Voivodeship

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Połock Voivodeship
Województwo połockie
Palatinatus Polocensis
Voivodeship of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, later Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
1504–1793
Coat of arms
Polatsk Voivodeship within Lithuania in the 17th century.png

Połock Voivodeship in red. Voivodeship's borders did not change since the Union of Lublin.
CapitalPołock
Area 
• 
21,800 km2 (8,400 sq mi)
History 
• Established
1504
1793
Political subdivisionsnone
Preceded by
Succeeded by
COA of Gediminaičiai dynasty Lithuania.svg
Duchy of Lithuania
Russian Empire
Greater Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire 1700x1767 pix Igor Barbe 2006.jpg
Połock Voivodeship in Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Połock Voivodeship in Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

Połock Voivodeship (Polish: Województwo połockie, Belarusian: Полацкае ваяводства) was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (Grand Duchy of Lithuania) since the 15th century until the partitions of Poland in 1793.

The voivodeship history can be traced to the Principality of Polotsk, conquered by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania around late 14th / early 15th centuries. From 1504 the former Principality was recognized as a voivodeship.

Zygmunt Gloger in his monumental book Historical Geography of the Lands of Old Poland provides this description of the Połock Voivodeship:

“Połock, in Latin Polocia, Polocium, lies on the right bank of the Dvina, and is regarded as one of the oldest gords of Rus’. In the 13th century, the Principality of Polotsk was ruled by Kievan princes, but in app. 1225 it was seized by the Lithuanians under Duke Mindaugas (...) Duke Vytautas named the first starosta of Połock, and in app. 1500, the starosta was renamed into the Voivode of Połock, while the Duchy was turned into a voivodeship, divided into two equal halves by the Dvina (...)

The voivodeship had two senators, who were the Voivode and the Castellan of Połock (...) Since it was not too large and its population was not numerous, furthermore, its capital was located in the middle, the voivodeship was not divided into counties. Its courts were located in Połock, where the sejmiks also took place. Połock Voivodeship had two envoys in the Sejm, and two deputies to the Lithuanian Tribunal”.

Other names

Population

  • 109 848 in 1790[1]

Administration

Voivodeship Governor (Wojewoda) seat:

Administrative division:

  • this voivodeship was not divided into counties

Number of Senators:

  • 2

Number of envoys in the Sejm:

  • 2

Voivodes

References

  1. ^ ↑ Tabela: Summaryusz Generalny wszelkich dochodów Rzeczypospolitey tak w Koronie iako i w Litwie z kalkulacyą mil kwadratowych, tak со do dymów, podatków, iako i ludzi, w: Dziennik rządowo-ekonomiczno handlowy. Zaymuiący różne Wiadomości, Rządowe, Handlowe, Ekonomiczne, Fabryczne, Kontraktowe na Dobra, Summy, i Produkta. Zajmujący 3 miesiące kwiecień may czerwiec 1790. R.5. T. II. Warszawa 1790.

Bibliography

This page was last edited on 21 September 2020, at 23:52
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