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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Polkowice
Market Square with the town hall and St. Barbara Church
Market Square with the town hall and St. Barbara Church
Flag of Polkowice
Flag
Coat of arms of Polkowice
Coat of arms
Polkowice is located in Poland
Polkowice
Polkowice
Polkowice is located in Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Polkowice
Polkowice
Coordinates: 51°30′N 16°04′E / 51.500°N 16.067°E / 51.500; 16.067
Country Poland
Voivodeship Lower Silesian
CountyPolkowice
GminaPolkowice
Town rights13th century
Government
 • MayorŁukasz Puźniecki
Area
 • Total23.75 km2 (9.17 sq mi)
Population
 (2019-06-30[1])
 • Total22,480
 • Density950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
59-100, 59-101
Area code(s)+48 76
Car platesDPL
ClimateDfb
Websitehttp://www.polkowice.pl

Polkowice [pɔlkɔˈvʲit͡sɛ] (About this soundlisten) (German: Polkwitz) is a town in south-western Poland. It is situated in Lower Silesian Voivodeship. The town is the seat of Polkowice County and of Gmina Polkowice.

Geography

Polkowice is located in historic Lower Silesia, about 15 km (9 mi) northwest of Lubin on National road 3. The nearest airport is Wrocław–Copernicus Airport, located 72 km (45 mi) from Polkowice.

Situated in a traditional mining region, the town is part of the largest industrial copper-extraction area in Poland, with a copper-processing plant operating nearby. Nearby Polkowice Dolne is the site of a former State Agricultural Farm (PGR) and, since 1998, of a Volkswagen diesel engine plant, another major employer in the region.

Designated as an urban-type settlement from 1945, Polkowice regained town status in 1967. In 1975–1998 it was in the former Legnica Voivodeship.

History

St Michael Archangel Church
St Michael Archangel Church

The name of the town is probably derived from Slavic (Old Polish) Boleslaw, meaning "great glory", a favoured dynastic name in the Polish royal House of Piast. According to legend, The Silesian duke Bolesław I the Tall (1127–1201) had a hunting lodge erected near the later town, later called Bolkewice or, adjusted to the German pronunciation, Polkovicz (1333). In the Statuta synodalia episcoporum Wratislaviensium from 1475 the town is named Polkewicze and Polkowice. As a result of the fragmentation of Poland into smaller duchies, it became part of the Duchy of Silesia, and later on the Duchy of Głogów. Polkowice was mentioned as a town (civitas) in a 1276 deed. It remained part of the Duchy of Głogów, ruled by the Polish houses of Piast and Jagiellon, including future Polish kings John I Albert and Sigismund I the Old, until the duchy's dissolution in 1506, when it was incorporated into the Bohemian (Czech) Kingdom.

Parts of the medieval town were destroyed by a blaze in 1457, it suffered further damages during the Thirty Years' War and by a plague epidemic in 1680. After the First Silesian War in 1742, it was annexed by Prussia and later incorporated into the Province of Silesia. During the Napoleonic Wars, the town was visited by Napoleon twice, in 1807 and 1812. Between 1871 and 1945 the town was part of Germany and was renamed Heerwegen in 1937 by German Nazi authorities during a campaign of erasing placenames of Polish origin. During World War II, a German forced labour subcamp of the prison in Jawor was operated in the present-day district of Polkowice Dolne.[2] On January 11, 1945, the German administration evacuated the population, leaving only the army in the town. On February 9, 1945, the town was captured by the Red Army. Afterwards the abandoned town became again part of Poland in accordance to the Potsdam Agreement and was repopulated by Poles, many displaced from former eastern Poland annexed by the Soviet Union.

In 2005 the neighbouring village of Polkowice Dolne was included within the town limits.

Education

  • Lower Silesian College of Enterprise and Technology (Dolnośląska Wyższa Szkoła Przedsiębiorczości i Techniki)

Sport

Twin towns – sister cities

See twin towns of Gmina Polkowice.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial divison in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Statistics Poland. 2019-10-15. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  2. ^ "Außenkommando des Zuchthauses Jauer in Sandhofen". Bundesarchiv.de (in German). Retrieved 27 December 2020.
This page was last edited on 24 February 2021, at 19:05
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