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Political positions of Herman Cain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cain in Washington, DC on October 7, 2011
Cain in Washington, DC on October 7, 2011

Herman Cain was a businessman, radio talk show host, and author who ran in the United States for the Republican presidential nomination in 2012. Cain suspended his campaign on December 3, 2011.

Economic issues

Bank bailouts, and "too big to fail"

Cain supported the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) bank bailouts as a way to revive the economy, viewing it as an investment opportunity for the taxpayers. In a 2008 editorial, Cain wrote, "Owning a part of the major banks in America is not a bad thing. We could make a profit while solving a problem."[1]

In May 2011 regarding his TARP support, Cain said, "I don't have any regrets ... I studied the situation. I didn't have trouble with the idea; I had trouble with its implementation, picking winners and losers."[2]

In October 2011 Cain said he does not believe in the concept of "too big to fail" and had stated that he did not agree with the bailouts of "JP Morgan and the big banks on Wall Street".[3]

Debt ceiling

Cain opposed increases in the debt limit for the federal government.[4] He was quoted in a July 27, 2011, Politico article that: "I don't believe the debt ceiling should be raised. I don't believe the debt ceiling hadto be raised ... Those are scare tactics. Those are simply exaggerated scare tactics."[4]

Federal Reserve

Cain believed that there was no need for an audit of the Federal Reserve.[5] Cain also commented that while such an audit is not a high priority for him, he does not object to it. He had stated that he finds it highly unlikely that anything would be found in such an audit, as the internal controls of the Fed are extensive, and that the Fed's problems stem from a politicization of the bank, rather than a failure to exercise due care for those internal controls.[6]

Gold standard

Cain supported the Gold standard, saying that abandoning it "allowed Congress to inflate our currency whenever they overspent. Now look at the mess that we have."[7]

Social Security

Cain had criticized the current implementation of Social Security, describing it as a "scam."[8] He favored reforming the current system "through free market solutions."[9]

Several times Cain had referenced the Chilean model of redoing social security. He supported the "Chilean model" for younger citizens while retaining the current system for current beneficiaries.


Cain had supported shifting the tax burden from investment on to consumption. Cain had called for the elimination of taxes on capital gains, and suspending taxes on repatriated foreign profits.[10] He also supported elimination of the estate tax;[11] and in 2007[12] in testimony before the Senate Finance Committee called for the permanent repeal of that tax.[11] Prior to his presidential campaign, Cain supported lowering the corporate tax rate from 35 to 25 percent.[10]

Cain testified in front of the House Ways and Means Committee on May 9, 2002, in support of HR 2525, which would institute a national retail sales tax.[13] According to the Washington Times, Cain had been known as a supporter of the broad national consumption tax on retail sales called the FairTax.[14] During his presidential campaign in 2011, Cain introduced his signature "9–9–9" plan for a 9% tax on individuals, sales, and businesses.

9–9–9 Plan

The "centerpiece"[15] of Cain's presidential campaign introduced in August 2011 had been the "9–9–9 plan",[16] which would replace all current taxes (including the payroll tax, capital gains tax, and the estate tax) with 9% business transaction tax; 9% personal income tax rate, and a 9% federal sales tax. According to Cain, corporations would be able to deduct costs of goods sold (provided the inputs were made in America) and capital expenditures, but not wages, salaries and benefits to employees.[17] Deductions, except charitable giving, would be eliminated. The federal sales tax would not apply to used goods. Cain also said that the 9–9–9 Plan would lift a $430 billion dead-weight burden on the economy.[18]

Cain stated the following summary about the 9–9–9 Plan:

Our current economic crisis calls for bold action to truly stimulate the economy and Renew America back to its greatness. The 9–9–9 Plan gets Washington D.C. out of the business of picking winners and losers, using the tax code to dole out favored, and dividing the country with class warfare. It is fair, simple, transparent and efficient. It taxes everything once and nothing twice. It taxes the broadest possible base at the lowest possible rates. It is neutral with respect to savings and consumption, capital and labor, imports and exports and whether companies pay dividends or retain earnings.[18]

According to the analysis of Howard Gleckman the Tax Policy Center,

When you get right down to it, Cain's [9–9–9] plan is a 25 percent flat-rate consumption tax — not all that different from the FAIR tax that he says is his ultimate goal. This tax would be paid three times: first on wage income, again at the cash register as a sales tax, and yet again by businesses on their sales minus their cost of goods and services. For tax junkies, the first is a flat tax. The second is a retail sales tax and the third a business transfer tax. But they are all consumption taxes.[19]

Although Cain had spoken about having designated 'empowerment zones'[20] wherein a lower percentage, such as 3%, is paid instead, apart from this consideration, some have called Cain's plan more regressive than current policy, thinking it would raise taxes for most households, but cut them for those with the highest income.[21][22]

Cain modified the plan for people under poverty level, reducing income tax for the poor to 0%, telling an audience in Detroit October 21 that the poorest Americans would get a "9–0–9" plan.[23]

In an October 18, 2011 debate several of the other contenders for the GOP nomination attacked the plan, with candidate Rick Santorum referencing the Tax Policy Center's claim that 84%[24] of Americans would pay more and that the plan would entail "major increases in taxes on people," a charge Cain had denied.[25]

Some economists support the 9–9–9 Plan. The former Reagan Treasury official Gary Robbins stated that the 9–9–9 Plan will expand the GDP by $2 trillion, create 6 million new jobs, increase business investment by 33%, and increase wages by 10%.[26] Also, Art Laffer, a famous supply-side economist, told HUMAN EVENTS that "Herman Cain's 9–9–9 plan would be a vast improvement over the current tax system and boom the U.S. economy.".[27]

Conversely, other economists feel that the 9–9–9 plan would not stimulate the demand.[28] Bruce Bartlett of the Reagan and George H.W. Bush administrations had written that Cain's plan "would increase the budget deficit without doing anything to stimulate demand".[28]

The Economist criticized the 9–9–9 Plan stating that the Cain plan is not a reduction in the current corporate tax, but instead a new value added tax (VAT). The article also stated that Cain's final tax would be a 30% VAT, as compared to the 15% European Union value added tax.[29] The Cain plan would change the 35% corporate tax to a 9% transaction tax, which would be flat except for payroll deductions for employees in empowerment zones.[30]

Cain said the following about the 9% sales tax.

Unlike a state sales tax, which is an add-on tax that increases the price of goods and services, this is a replacement tax. It replaces taxes that are already embedded in selling prices. By replacing higher marginal rates in the production process with lower marginal rates, marginal production costs actually decline, which will lead to prices being the same or lower, not higher.[31]


Cain had criticized social welfare programs in the United States, stating that, "Programs today are designed to make people more dependent rather than less dependent."[32]

Social issues


Cain identified as pro-life and opposed abortion in all cases,[33] except where the mother's life is endangered.[34] He believed that life begins at conception. He favored defunding Planned Parenthood, an organization he had referred to as "Planned Genocide" because he views it as guilty of genocide against black Americans.[35][36] Cain reaffirmed his position two days after a controversial interview during which many of his opponents believed he had changed his stance. In an email to supporters, he said the following:

The abortion issue is very serious. I believe strongly that this is true, and I believe that you do too.

Because the news media loves to make mountains out of mole hills, I want to be very clear about where I stand on abortion:

I am 100% pro-life, period.

Let me explain. In an interview yesterday with Piers Morgan on CNN, I was asked questions about abortion policy and the role of the President.

If you listen to the line of questioning, it is clear that Mr. Morgan was asking if I, as president, would simply "order" people to not seek an abortion.

My answer was focused on the role of the President. The President has no constitutional authority to order any such action by anyone. That was the point I was trying to convey.

As to my political view on abortion ... again, I am pro-life. End of story.

As President, I will appoint judges who understand the original intent of the Constitution. Judges who are committed to the rule of law know that the Constitution contains no right to take the life of unborn children.

I will oppose government funding of abortion. I will veto any legislation that contains funds for Planned Parenthood. I will do everything that a President can do, consistent with his constitutional role, to advance the culture of life.[37]

Affirmative action

Cain supported ensuring that minorities receive the same opportunities as non-minorities. He does not agree with a "quota" style affirmative action system, which he believed gives an advantage to minorities simply because they are a minority.[38]


Cain was an opponent of the legalization of marriage for same sex couples in the United States.[39] He supported the Defense of Marriage Act.[40] He would seek to reinstate the Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy.[33]


Cain had made a number of comments regarding American Muslims, and the hypothetical implementation of sharia law in the United States.[41]

Some comments made by Cain regarding Muslims have caused controversy. He said that he was "uncomfortable" when he found that the surgeon operating on his liver and colon cancer was a Muslim. He later explained: "based upon the little knowledge that I have of the Muslim religion, you know, they have an objective to convert all infidels or kill them".[42] He had also spoken of his distrust of another Doctor when his name "sounded too foreign", telling the audience at a Biblically themed amusement park "My mind immediately started thinking, wait a minute, maybe his religious persuasion is different than mine! She [the nurse] could see the look on my face and she said, 'Don't worry, Mr. Cain, he's a Christian from Lebanon'. Hallelujah! Thank God!"[43]

When asked in March 2011, Cain stated that he would not feel comfortable appointing a Muslim to his administration, or as a judge[44] saying: "No, I will not ... There's this creeping attempt, there's this attempt, to gradually ease Shariah Law, and the Muslim faith into our government. It does not belong in our government".[45][46][47]

He explained that his view was in reaction to a lawsuit in which the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) sought to block the implementation of a 2008 Oklahoma law which would have denied the use of Sharia law in state courts,[48] and a Florida judge's decision to use Sharia law to settle a dispute within a mosque,[49] despite the Court's decision not to use ecclesiastical law in the past (see Kreshik v. St. Nicholas Cathedral), and a case in New Jersey.[50] Cain had described his position as being "careful and cautious."[51]

He had also argued that Muslims should be prevented from building mosques in which to teach Jihad unless they have widespread approval from the local community. Cain campaigned for Muslims to be banned from building an Islamic Center at a site in Tennessee, claiming that it was "an infringement and an abuse of our freedom of religion" and "just another way to try to gradually sneak Shariah law into our laws".[52] Defending himself against the suggestion that this would be discrimination, during an interview he said: "I'm willing to take a harder look at people who might be terrorists, that's what I'm saying".[53] On July 18, 2011, Cain declared that communities in the United States had the "right" to ban mosques. He justified his view by arguing that Muslims are trying to promote Shariah law within the U.S, and also that his position did not amount to "religious discrimination".[54] CAIR said that his comments were unconstitutional and could give legitimacy to anti-Muslim bigotry.[41][dead link] Southern Baptist Convention leader Richard Land also said that Cain had disregarded the constitutional rights of Muslims.[55]

On July 27, 2011, Cain met with Muslim leaders at the All Dulles Area Muslim Society (ADAMS) in Sterling, Virginia. He also toured the ADAMS mosque. After the meeting, he reiterated his opposition to the use of sharia law in courts, but said, "I am truly sorry for any comments that may have betrayed my commitment to the U.S. Constitution and the freedom of religion guaranteed by it. Muslims, like all Americans, have the right to practice their faith freely and peacefully."[56]

Foreign policy

About foreign policy

Cain defended his foreign policy knowledge. "I'm not supposed to know anything about foreign policy. Just thought I'd throw that out," he said to a Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel reporter while on his campaign bus on Monday, the afternoon after his interview with the paper's editorial board. "I want to talk to commanders on the ground. Because you run for president (people say) you need to have the answer. No, you don't! No, you don't! That's not good decision-making."[57]


Cain said he was not a fan of the "Wet feet, dry feet policy", in an interview with the television station WPLG.[58]

Prisoner Exchanges

Cain said "I could see myself" freeing all Guantanamo detainees for one American hostage.[59]

He later abandoned this position.[60]

Anwar al-Awlaki

"I don't believe that the president of the United States should order the assassination of citizens of the United States," Cain said. "That's why we have our court system, and that's why we have our laws."[61]

In a brief Q&A with our panel after his speech, Cain told the crowd that he fully supported Barack Obama's decision to strike Anwar al-Awlaki.[62]


When asked about U.S. foreign policy toward Libya, "Cain repeated he would have 'assessed the [Libyan] opposition differently,' speaking in generalities about his problem-solving approach,"[63] and expressing confusion regarding the issue.

"Cain suggested on [November 18, 2011] that the Taliban were playing a role in Libya's new government."[64]


Cain had been supportive of a US presence in Afghanistan, and of the War in Afghanistan (2001–present).[65]


Cain supported the Iraq War, and opposed any timetable for withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq, arguing it to be equivalent to surrender.[66]


Cain favored a "diplomatic approach" to nuclear disarmament, but that the United States should be wary of the Iranian government.[67]

Israel and Palestine

Cain supported Israel, and believed that the US should aid Israel in defending itself.[68] After President Obama said that the starting point of negotiations for peace between the Israelis and the Palestinians should be based on the 1967 borders with mutually agreed-upon land swaps, Cain said:

I was shocked at the president's position, and I was equally shocked that he would unilaterally suggest that Israel would move the borders back which they acquired 44 years ago. This president threw Israel under the bus, there is no way around it. It demonstrates once again the arrogant disregard of this president for the opinion of the American people who like the relationship we have with Israel, and for Israel having the right to make its own decisions.[69]

Cain supported the Palestinian right of return under Israeli conditions.[70] He later commented that he had not understood the question while making his initial answer, but reiterated his support for it under Israeli conditions.[71] This led to criticism regarding his lack of foreign policy experience due to his admitted unfamiliarity with the issue and need for subsequent clarification.[72]

Cain was the only Republican presidential candidate at the former Fox News host Glenn Beck's "Restoring Courage" rally in Israel.[73] Cain pronounced, "If you mess with Israel, you're messing with the USA."[74]

After Vice President Joe Biden said that the Obama administration would not release Jonathan Pollard "over my dead body", Cain publicly disagreed with Biden's stance and said that as a supporter of Israel, he personally sympathizes with Pollard. However, he said he would have to review Pollard's case fully before deciding to free him.[75]

In late October 2011, Cain said that President Obama's weakness on Middle East policies was emboldening what he referred to as the "so-called Palestinian people" to seek statehood at the United Nations.[76]

North Korea

Cain opposed any form of negotiation with North Korea, and had argued for maintaining "peace through strength".[77]


Cain opposed the New START treaty, because he believed that the US should retain freedom to develop nuclear weapons systems.[78]


Yes, they're a military threat," Cain said on the PBS NewsHour, in response to a question from Judy Woodruff. "They've indicated that they're trying to develop nuclear capability and they want to develop more aircraft carriers like we have. So yes, we have to consider them a military threat." "We already have superiority in terms of our military capability, and I plan to get away from making cutting our defense a priority and make investing in our military capability a priority," he said.[79]

Cain addressed the gaffe in an interview with Ginni Thomas of The Daily Caller on Wednesday evening, and attempted to clarify his comments. "Maybe I misspoke," he said. "What I meant was China does not have the size of the nuclear capability that we have. They do have a nuclear capability. I was talking about their total nuclear capability."[80]


Cain continued, "Knowing who is the head of some of these small insignificant states around the world, I don't think that is something that is critical to focusing on national security and getting this economy going. When I get ready to go visit that country, I'll know who it is, but until then, I want to focus on the big issues that we need to solve."[81]

Other issues

Cain in Tennessee on October 15, 2011
Cain in Tennessee on October 15, 2011

2008 presidential election

In 2008, Cain initially praised Democratic candidate Barack Obama, saying of Obama that "His gift is the gift of oratory. That's not just the ability to speak, but the ability to connect with people." He also said that he would consider supporting Obama "under the right circumstances" but only if he made a serious attempt to "reach across the aisle". Cain instead endorsed Mitt Romney in the Republican primary, and eventually supported the GOP nominee, John McCain.[82]

Capital punishment

Cain advocates the use of capital punishment in the United States. When asked if the death penalty should be thrown away when evidence comes into question, he replied "No. If you do away with it, that will only brainwash people into thinking that they can do whatever they want and get away with it."[83]


Cain opposes federal education schemes such as No Child Left Behind and advocates "unbundling" education, weakening the United States Department of Education in favor of state control of education. He had argued for greater performance-related pay for teachers, as well as for vouchers and charter school systems.[84]

Energy and the environment

Cain favored offshore drilling and supported drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). He favored allowing consumers to choose alternative energy sources such as solar and wind through the private market instead of the government providing funding and incentives to particular corporations and industries.[85]

Cain's ideology on the climate represents what is termed climate change denial.[86] He had made statements indicating a belief that anthropogenic global warming is a hoax, referring to it as "poppycock" and claiming that scientists were "busted" of having "manipulated the data."[87][unbalanced opinion?]

Health care

Cain supported repeal of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). Cain, a cancer survivor, also had said that the PPACA would have killed him.[88] Cain favored allowing the free market to play the largest role in health care.[89]

Cain supported the 2012 Ryan budget plan, which sought to privatize Medicare, describing it favorably as a "voucher program."[90]


Cain believed illegal immigrants should be able to go through the traditional citizenship process but opposed what he had described as a sense of automatic "entitlement" by people here illegally.[91] Cain was quoted as saying, "America can be a nation with high fences and wide open doors."[92]

Cain had said he would favor erecting an electric fence on the United States – Mexico border, saying "It's going to be 20 feet high. It's going to have barbed wire on the top. It's going to be electrified. And there's going to be a sign on the other side saying, 'It will kill you — Warning.'"[93] He later indicated his statement was an exaggeration as a joke.

Cain supported a constitutional amendment stating that children born to illegal immigrants in the U.S. are not U.S. citizens.[94] Cain had also said he does not support changing the Fourteenth Amendment, which states that all persons born in the U.S. and subject to the jurisdiction thereof are citizens of the United States.[94]

Occupy Wall Street

In October 2011, Cain described the Occupy Wall Street movement as "un-American". He further stated, "I don't have facts to back this up, but I happen to believe that these demonstrations are planned and orchestrated to distract from the failed policies of the Obama administration. Don't blame Wall Street, don't blame the big banks, if you don't have a job and you're not rich, blame yourself." In response, fellow Republican candidate Buddy Roemer defended the protests.[95][96]

Second Amendment

Cain believed that any concealed carry law must be dealt with at the state level[97] and that states have the right to control gun rights.[98]

Supreme Court justices

Cain had expressed support for Justices Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas.[99]

Sexual harassment legislation

In the early 1990s, following the Clarence Thomas hearings, Cain as the then-CEO of Godfather's Pizza expressed concern about laws making it easier for women to sue their supervisors for sexual harassment: "This bill opens the door for opportunists who will use the legislation to make some money. ... I'm certainly for civil rights, but I don't know if this bill is fair because of what we'll have to spend to defend ourselves in unwarranted cases."[100]


  1. ^ Cain, Herman (October 20, 2008). "Far from Nationalization, Purchase of Bank Stocks Is a Win-Win for Taxpayers". North Star Writers Group. Archived from the original on 2011-06-19. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
  2. ^ Costa, Robert (May 12, 2011). "Introducing Herman Cain". National Review. p. 7. Archived from the original on 2011-05-15. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
  3. ^ "Interview with Herman Cain". International Wire. FDCH/eMedia. Oct 24, 2011. MORGAN: But I bet if I sat down with your family members that you're talking about now and said, how do you feel that nobody in the banking community of America has ever been properly held to account for what they did? Right? They would say it's outrageous? CAIN: Well, Piers, I did reel against it because the problem is multilevel. First of all, I didn't agree with the government bailing out JPMorgan and the big banks on Wall Streets. I don't believe in too big to fail. ...
  4. ^ a b "'Cut, Cap, and Balance' rally cuts Herman Cain". July 27, 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-08-13. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  5. ^ "FLASHBACK: In 2008, Herman Cain praised TARP, chided "free market" purists". Washington Examiner. Retrieved August 6, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Glenn Beck Interviews Herman Cain – 5/24/11". May 24, 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-10-13. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
  7. ^ "Video – Herman Cain: Return To The Gold Standard". RealClearPolitics. December 28, 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-08-28. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  8. ^ "North Star Writers Group". May 17, 2006. Archived from the original on 2011-08-10. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  9. ^ "Herman Cain – Social Security". Archived from the original on 2011-08-11. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  10. ^ a b "Cain draws record crowd". Aiken Standard. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  11. ^ a b ""Federal Estate Tax: Uncertainty in Planning Under the Current Law" Nov 14, 2007". Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  12. ^ on November 14, 2007
  13. ^ "Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Select Revenue Measures of the House Committee on Ways and Means Hearing on the Extraterritorial Income Regime". May 9, 2002. Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  14. ^ McLaughlin, Seth (May 10, 2011). "GOP field has own 'change' ideas". Washington Times. Archived from the original on 2011-05-14. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
  15. ^ Does the Herman Cain 9–9–9 tax plan have a fatal flaw? Archived 2011-10-12 at the Wayback Machine By Peter Grier, October 12, 2011
  16. ^ 999 Plan,, archived from the original on September 26, 2011, retrieved October 3, 2011
  17. ^ A Bit More About Cain Archived 2017-09-06 at the Wayback Machine. Paul Krugman. October 15, 2011
  18. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-26. Retrieved 2011-10-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) the 999 plan
  19. ^ Howard Gleckman, Cain’s 9–9–9 Plan Would Cut Taxes for the Rich, Raise Taxes for Almost Everyone Else Archived 2016-03-05 at the Wayback Machine Tax Policy Center October 18, 2011
  20. ^ "". CNN. Archived from the original on 2011-10-17. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
  21. ^ Sahadi, Jeanne (October 18, 2011). "84% would pay more under Cain's 9-9-9 plan". CNN. Archived from the original on 2015-02-05. Retrieved 2011-10-19.
  22. ^ TPC Does Herman Cain Archived 2015-10-05 at the Wayback Machine October 18, 2011, The Tax Policy Center has the distributional analysis of 9–9–9.
  23. ^ [1] 9–0–9, 0% income tax for the poor
  24. ^ T11-0375 – Herman Cain's "9–9–9" Tax Reform Plan; Baseline: Current Policy; Fully Phased in Distribution of Federal Tax Change by Cash Income Percentile Archived 2011-10-21 at the Wayback Machine Tax Policy Center October 18, 2011
  25. ^ David Lightman and Steven Thomm, GOP presidential candidates clash in testy debate Archived 2011-10-20 at the Wayback Machine McClatchy News Service October 19, 2011
  26. ^ 9–9–9 Plan | Herman Cain for President Archived 2011-09-26 at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ [2] Art Laffer's quote
  28. ^ a b Bartlett, Bruce. "Inside the Cain Tax Plan." The New York Times, October 11, 2011.
  29. ^ "Dial 9–9–9 for nonsense." Archived 2017-08-26 at the Wayback Machine The Economist, October 17, 2011.
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-26. Retrieved 2011-10-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) 9–9–9 Plan
  31. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-26. Retrieved 2011-10-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) The 9–9–9 plan
  32. ^ Q & A: Herman Cain on Faith, Calling, and Presidential Aspirations, Christianity Today, Interview by Trevor Persaud
  33. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-07-23. Retrieved 2016-11-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  34. ^ Three Republicans battling for spots in Georgia's likely Senate runoff | AccessNorthGa Archived 2012-05-29 at
  35. ^ "Herman Cain – Abortion". Archived from the original on 2011-10-09. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  36. ^ "Planned Parenthood Rejects Cain Claim Abortion Clinics Are Aimed at Black 'Genocide'". Fox News. October 30, 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-10-31. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  37. ^ Erickson, Eric (October 21, 2011). Herman Cain clarifies his abortion position, but it raises more questions Archived 2011-10-22 at the Wayback Machine. RedState. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
  38. ^ Herman Cain Letter to the Editor of the Augusta Chronicle, Affirmative action is a negative step Archived 2012-09-22 at the Wayback Machine, April 28, 2004.
  39. ^ Atlanta, Project Q (December 29, 2010). "Gays: Start fretting over Atlanta's Herman Cain". Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  40. ^ "Herman Cain: I'd Rather Defend DOMA Than Protect Religious Liberty". Equality Matters. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  41. ^ a b "Herman Cain: Communities have right to ban mosques". The Sacramento Bee. July 17, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  42. ^ "Cain denies claims he said he would not appoint Muslims". Archived from the original on 2011-11-27. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  43. ^ Johnson, Luke (November 21, 2011). "Herman Cain Says He Was Relieved When Doctor Who Treated Him Was A Christian". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 2011-11-23. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  44. ^ Mariano, Willoughby (June 8, 2011). "Cain denies claims he said he would not appoint Muslims". Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  45. ^ "Herman Cain: 'I Would Not' Appoint a Muslim in My Administration". Fox News. March 28, 2011. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved May 19, 2011.
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