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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Polestar Performance AB
Founded1996; 24 years ago (1996)
HeadquartersGothenburg, Sweden
Key people
Thomas Ingenlath (CEO)
  • High performance electric engines & cars
ParentVolvo Cars Edit this on Wikidata
Polestar 1 (2018)
Polestar 1 (2018)
Polestar 2 (2019)
Polestar 2 (2019)
Volvo 850 Super Touring (1996)
Volvo 850 Super Touring (1996)

Polestar is an automotive brand jointly owned by Volvo Car Group and its parent company Geely[1]. It is headquartered in Gothenburg, Sweden[2] with production taking place in Chengdu, China[3]. The company develops electric performance cars and offers performance hardware upgrades and engine software optimisations for Volvo models through their Polestar Engineered division.

The Polestar name originates from the STCC Polestar racing team which spawned Polestar Performance AB[4][5], in turn acquired by Volvo Cars in July 2015. The racing team changed its name to Cyan Racing, while maintaining close ties to both Volvo and Geely, later focusing on Polestar sister brand Lynk & Co.[6]

In June 2017, Volvo announced Polestar would begin producing high-end electric performance cars under its own name and badge, to compete with brands such as Tesla Motors.[7] Polestar also functions as an innovation lab for the Volvo Car Group, developing designs and technologies of a more experimental nature[8].

Historical overview

The company origins can be traced back to the foundation of Flash Engineering in 1996, a Swedish racing team competing in Swedish Touring Car Championship (STCC). The team was later sold and rebranded to Polestar Racing, starting to engineer their own racing Volvos in the late 2000s. In 2009 the brand became the official Volvo partner to modify existing models, under the brand Polestar Performance. Volvo eventually bought the company and brand in July 2015, offering Polestar enhanced models directly from their resellers[9].

Polestar has also produced prototype cars, with the first and most famous being the C30 Polestar Performance Concept Prototype (2010) with over 450 bhp and 510 Nm.[10]

The Volvo S60 Polestar Concept is the heir to the C30 Polestar, featuring 508 BHP from a modified T6 engine, launched in June 2012.[11] The car sprints from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 3.9 seconds with a top speed of over 300 km/h (190 mph).[12] American car magazine Motor Trend tested the car at Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca where it broke the lap record for four-door cars, matching the lap time of an Audi R8.[13]

Below is a selection of petrol and hybrid powered Polestar models:

Introduced Model Type Engine Drive-train
2009 Volvo C30 Polestar Concept[14] concept 5-cylinder, 2500 cc, turbocharged, 451 PS AWD, 6-speed manual
2012 Volvo S60 Polestar Concept[15] concept 6-cylinder, 3000 cc, turbocharged, 508 PS AWD, 6-speed manual
2013 Volvo S/V60 Polestar production 6-cylinder, 3000 cc, turbocharged, 350 PS AWD, 6-speed auto
2016 Volvo S/V60 Polestar Drive-E production 4-cylinder, 1969 cc, turbocharged, 367 PS AWD, 8-speed auto
2018 Volvo S60 T8 Polestar Engineered production 4-cylinder, 1969 cc, plug-in hybrid, 415 PS AWD, 8-speed auto
2020 Volvo V60 T8 Polestar Engineered production 4-cylinder, 1969 cc, plug-in hybrid, 415 PS AWD, 8-speed auto
2020 Volvo XC60 T8 Polestar Engineered production 4-cylinder, 1969 cc, plug-in hybrid, 415 PS AWD, 8-speed auto

On October 17th 2017, Volvo Cars and Geely Holding announced that the Polestar would become a standalone brand focusing on electric cars[16].


Production Cars

Introduced Model Type Engine Drive-train
2017 Polestar 1 production 4-cylinder, 1969 cc, plug-in hybrid, 600 PS AWD, 8-speed auto
2019 Polestar 2 production EFAD + ERAD combined output 300 kW AWD, 1-speed fixed gear

The first Polestar car was introduced on October 17th, 2017: Polestar 1, a luxurious 2+2 coupé inspired by Volvo's Concept Coupé introduced in 2013, which includes influences from the legendary Volvo P1800. The Polestar 1 features an electric hybrid drivetrain, with a combined power output of 450 kW (600 hp) and 1,000 N⋅m (740 lbf⋅ft) of torque, vectored by two rear 80 kW (110 hp) motors. The car has a 34 kWh (46 hp⋅h) battery and a range of 150 km (93 mi) in pure electric mode. The Polestar 1 will be built in a new purpose-built Polestar Production Centre in Chengdu, China,[17] from 2019 at a rate of up to 500 per year, and made available via subscription rather than sale.[18]

In 2019, Polestar announced the Polestar 2, a mid-sized battery-electric vehicle (BEV). It was unveiled on February 27th, 2019 in an online unveiling which was broadcast from the Polestar headquarters in Gothenburg, Sweden. Directly after, it had its public debut at the 2019 Geneva Motor Show.[19] The initial phase of the Polestar product roll out will then be completed by the subsequent arrival of a larger SUV-style BEV, the Polestar 3.[20]

Polestar Precept

On February 25, 2020, Polestar unveiled the Precept concept car. It was expected to debut at the 2020 Geneva Motor Show,[21] however the event was cancelled as a precautionary measure to the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic.

Performance optimisation

Under the label Polestar Engineered, Polestar offers enhancements for Volvo cars which deliver better performance. Examples are engine optimisations with retained warranty and unchanged fuel consumption and emissions. The engine optimisation increases the power and torque output, varying depending on engine model. The response of the throttle can be modified and the character of the transmission is tweaked.


Polestar has been working with Volvo since 1996, starting with racing Volvo cars and being involved in the development of race cars for Cyan Racing. In 2014, Polestar was involved in the development of a V8 powered Volvo S60 that was raced by Garry Rogers Motorsport in the Australian V8 Supercars series.[22] Robert Dahlgren was seconded to Australia in 2014 as part of this programme and pulled out in the end of 2016.[23]

See also


  1. ^ "Polestar announces new management team". Polestar. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  2. ^ "Polestar inaugurates new headquarters in Sweden". Polestar. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Polestar announces World Manufacturer Identifier and opens new Production Centre in China". Polestar. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Volvo S60 Polestar Limited Edition". Polestar AB. 2013. Archived from the original on 27 August 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  5. ^ "Polestar Performance gives your Volvo more performance". Polestar AB. Archived from the original on 18 April 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  6. ^ "History | Cyan Racing". Cyan Racing. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  7. ^ Michael Cantu (21 June 2017). "Polestar Spins off of Volvo, Will Build Electrified Performance Cars". MotorTrend. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  8. ^ "Polestar unveils its first car – the Polestar 1 – and reveals its vision to be the new electric performance brand". Polestar. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  9. ^ "Volvo Cars buys 100 per cent of Polestar". Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  10. ^ Richard Yarrow (24 May 2010). "Volvo C30 Polestar review". Dennis Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  11. ^ Johan Meissner (7 June 2012). "Polestar presents Volvo S60 Polestar at the TTA Gothenburg City Race". Touring Car Team Association. Archived from the original on 19 November 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  12. ^ "Polestar presents Volvo S60 Polestar performance concept". Polestar AB. Archived from the original on 18 April 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  13. ^ Ron Kiino (8 January 2013). "Volvo S60 Polestar Track Test - 'Vette, Viper, Volvo?". Pictures by William Walker. MotorTrend. Archived from the original on 10 January 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Polestar to become the new electrified performance brand for Volvo Cars". Polestar AB. 2017. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Polestar to become the new electrified performance brand for Volvo Cars". Polestar AB. 2017. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  16. ^ "Volvo Cars and Geely Holdings invest 5 billion RMB to develop Polestar". Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  17. ^ Fred Lambert (17 October 2017). "Volvo's Polestar unveils performance electric car, announces new 'Tesla Model 3 competitor'". Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  18. ^ Marius Valle. "Avduket i dag: Slik blir de elektriske sportsbilene fra Volvo" [Unveiled today: This is what will be the electric sports cars from Volvo] (in Swedish). Teknisk Ukeblad. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  19. ^ Roberto Baldwin (27 February 2019). "The stylish Polestar 2 takes on the Model 3 with a 275-mile range". Engadget. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  20. ^ "Polestar unveils its first car – the Polestar 1 – and reveals its vision to be the new electric performance brand". Volvo Car Corporation. 17 October 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  21. ^ Hyatt, Kyle (25 February 2020). "Polestar Precept concept prioritizes sustainability, design for its planned Geneva debut". Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  22. ^ Stefan Bartholomaeus (17 June 2013). "Volvo launches V8 Supercar campaign in Brisbane". Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  23. ^ Stefan Bartholomaeus (16 January 2014). "Robert Dahlgren confirmed for Volvo V8 seat". Retrieved 27 February 2019.

External links

This page was last edited on 27 March 2020, at 19:07
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