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Pirate Party UK

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pirate Party UK

Pirate Party UK
Welsh: Plaid Môr-leidr DU
LeaderHarley James Faggetter[1]
Chair of the BoardAdrian Farrel[2]
Founded30 July 2009 (2009-07-30)[3]
Dissolved9 November 2020 (2020-11-09)[1]
HeadquartersUnit 6941, PO Box 4336, Manchester, M61 0BW
IdeologyPirate politics
Civil libertarianism
Purple, black and white[4]

The Pirate Party UK (often abbreviated PPUK; in Welsh: Plaid Môr-leidr DU) was a political party in the United Kingdom. The Pirate Party's core policies were to bring about reform to copyright and patent laws, support privacy, reduce surveillance from government and businesses, and support freedom of speech and freedom of expression.[5][6]

The party was established in July 2009. The first leader of the party was Andrew Robinson, who stepped down in August 2010. Laurence "Loz" Kaye was elected to replace him in September 2010, and served until after the 2015 general election, when he stepped down.[7] Following Kaye's resignation, a leadership election was held, with Cris Chesha being elected leader and David A Elston being elected the party's first deputy leader.[8] The party announced that it had voted to dissolve on 7 October 2020,[9] and was de-registered as a political party by the Electoral Commission on 9 November 2020.[1]


Following The Pirate Bay trial, a large surge in Pirate Party interest occurred around the world. After the success of the Swedish Pirate Party in the summer 2009 European elections, there was a sudden growth of Pirate Party organisations across Europe (notably in Germany and France) and beyond. Forum membership soared. The official formation of the Pirate Party in the UK followed shortly after the European elections[10] and the Pirate Party UK was officially registered on 30 July 2009.[11][12] In August 2009, it was claimed that Pirate Party UK was undergoing rapid growth similar to one the Swedish Pirate Party had enjoyed in early 2009. It was reported that it had been flooded with enquiries and at its peak around 100 people an hour were signing up to become party members. Donations had been coming in so fast that PayPal was concerned it was a fraudulent site.[13]

On 30 March 2010, the party declared its intent to stand ten candidates across England and Scotland. However, to do so, further party funding would be required.[14] On 27 April 2010, the party announced that it had nine official candidates on the ballot papers, as Mark Sims had missed the deadline because of the air travel disruption after the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption. Following the resignation of first party leader Andrew Robinson,[15] the composer and lecturer Laurence "Loz" Kaye was elected as the new leader on 26 September 2010.[16] In a message sent to members, Kaye stated his key aim as "building the political structure of the party".[17] Previously, Kaye had been the election agent for candidate Tim Dobson who stood for Pirate Party UK in Manchester Gorton.

In the run-up to the 2015 general election, the Pirate Party crowdsourced its manifesto using Reddit. The process ran until 21 March 2015.[18] The Party stood a total of six candidates in the 2015 General Election, including leader Loz Kaye in Manchester Central, who won the largest share of the vote in his constituency with 0.8%.[19]

Following the 2015 general election in May, Kaye stepped down as leader.[7] With the role of deputy leader also being vacant, George Walkden, the party's nominating officer, was approved by the board of governors to serve as an interim leader until the party elected a new leader.[20] Following the leadership election, Cris Chesha was elected leader of the party and David Elston was elected the first deputy leader. Six new governors were elected, with six governors being re-elected. Rebecca Rae was elected to the role of campaigns officer on the NEC.[8][21] On 18 June, Andrew Norton stepped down as chair of the board, and was replaced by the deputy chair of the board, Andrew Robinson, the leader of the party from 2009 to 2010. On 29 July 2015, Will Tovey was elected as the next deputy chair of the board to replace Robinson. Will Tovey subsequently became chair of the board, and Adrian Farrel replaced him on 14 December 2016.[22] The party's extended period without an elected NEC caught the attention of larger media outlets in October 2016 where Kaye and Elston gave comment.[23]

In June 2017, when the snap general election was called, the Pirate Party UK was under the acting leadership of deputy leader David Elston, the position of party leader being vacant following Chesha's resignation in November 2015. The party launched its manifesto for the 2017 general election on 17 May 2017 in Vauxhall, the home constituency of its lead candidate Mark Chapman, in front of the MI6 building.[24] A crowdfunding campaign, dubbed "Operation Doubloons", was also launched in June to help the party cover the costs of candidate deposits and election materials.[25]

The party subsequently stood ten candidates in the 2017 election, the highest number in the history of the party. These included Elston in Vale of Glamorgan, Chapman in Vauxhall and the party's nominations officer, Jason Winstanley, in Gower.[26] The largest share of the vote was won by Des Hjerling, standing in New Forest West, who received 1% of the vote.[27] Following the election, Elston wrote in a Leader's Update that "Pirates were one of the few parties to make gains" in the election, highlighting the fact that the party had increased its overall share of the vote and more than doubled the number of votes it gained across all candidates compared with the 2015 general election results.[28]

On 29 October 2019, the Pirate Party UK issued a General Election Statement stating that it would not be fielding candidates in the December 2019 general election because of concern that its candidates could split the vote in a "single-issue election" and thus increase the likelihood of the election of candidates whose opinions regarding the UK's future relationship with the EU were incompatible with the those of the PPUK.[29]

In 2020, following a period of stagnation attributed to the challenges of the first-past-the-post voting electoral system (the party declared its support for proportional representation for all elections in the UK in its 2017 manifesto[30]), the focus of political debate on Brexit, and the pressures of the COVID-19 pandemic, the party held a vote on whether or not to disband.[31] The vote to dissolve the party passed with 73% of votes cast in favour of closing down the party. The result of the votes was announced by the party on 7 October 2020 and were as follows:[9]

Vote Count
Yes 33
No 9
Abstain 3



Pirate Party UK's former leader Loz Kaye
Pirate Party UK's former leader Loz Kaye
# Name Leadership began Leadership ended Notes
1 Andrew Robinson 30 July 2009 23 August 2010
Vacant 23 August 2010 27 September 2010
2 Loz Kaye 27 September 2010 9 May 2015
3 George Walkden 9 May 2015 4 July 2015 Interim leader
4 Cris Chesha 4 July 2015 26 November 2015
Vacant 26 November 2015 10 February 2016
5 David A Elston 10 February 2016 19 February 2016 Acting leader
Vacant 19 February 2016 3 February 2017
5 David A Elston 3 February 2017 26 October 2017 Re-elected acting leader
6 Harley Faggetter 24 November 2017

Deputy Leadership

# Name Leadership began Leadership ended Notes
1 David A Elston 4 July 2015 19 February 2016
Vacant 19 February 2016 3 February 2017
1 David A Elston 3 February 2017[32] 26 October 2017 Re-elected
2 Mark Chapman 24 November 2017[32]


The Pirate Party UK had branches in many places around the United Kingdom. These included London,[33] York,[34] Greater Manchester,[35] Sheffield[36] and Bury.[37]

Pirate Party Wales

Pirate Party Wales (Welsh: Plaid Môr-leidr Cymru) was a branch of the Pirate Party UK that covered the entirety of Wales and was founded in 2014 by David Anthony Elston. Pirate Party Wales supported increased recognition of the Welsh language, including reform of the Welsh Language Act 1993 and free Welsh courses for all Welsh nationals. It also supported further devolution to Wales and increased powers for the Welsh Assembly.[38] The only candidate to have stood in Wales for the party was Elston who stood in Bridgend in the 2015 general election.[39]

International affiliation

On 25 February 2015, the Pirate Party UK announced its withdrawal from its international affiliation, Pirate Party International. This announcement, consolidated by a vote of the board, followed Pirate Party Australia's decision to leave earlier in the same month.[40]


Year Membership
2009 590
2010 457
2011 224
2012 748
2013 557
2014 689[41]
2015 766[41]
2016 500[42]
2017 420[43]
2018 260[44]
2019 228[45]

Election results

It has previously been noted by Robinson, the first Pirate Party UK leader, that the Pirate Party UK's chances of getting a candidate elected to the UK parliament are "pretty much close to zero", because of the first past the post system for electing MPs to Parliament. Instead, its immediate aim is to raise awareness among voters and politicians in the other political parties.[46]

The Pirate Party UK contested its first election in 2010, standing nine candidates in the 2010 general election. The party also stood candidates in the 2011 Oldham East and Saddleworth and 2012 Manchester Central by-elections. The party also contested several local government elections and the 2011 Scottish Parliament election. The party stood six candidates in the 2015 general election, and ten in the 2017 snap general election. In general elections, none of its candidates has ever received more than one percent of the vote.

Year Candidates Votes Seats
2010 9 1,340
0 / 650
2015 6 1,130
0 / 650
2017 10 2,321
0 / 650

See also


  1. ^ a b c "View registration - The Electoral Commission".
  2. ^ "Leaders Office - The Pirate Party".
  3. ^ Barnett, Emma (11 August 2009). "Pirate Party UK now registered by the Electoral Commission". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 12 August 2009.
  4. ^ "Design". The Pirate Party. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Pirate Party UK". Retrieved 4 June 2012.
    - Turton, Stuart (12 August 2009). "Q&A: Why the UK needs the Pirate Party". PC Pro. Retrieved 12 August 2009.
  6. ^ OUR OPEN MANIFESTO FOR THE SNAP GENERAL ELECTION (Pirate Party UK, 2017 general election manifesto). Accessed via the Pirate Party UK's official website. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b Kaye, Loz (9 May 2015). "Moving On". Pirate Party UK. Archived from the original on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  8. ^ a b "Pirate Party UK announces appointments to the NEC, and Board of Governors". Pirate Party UK. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  9. ^ a b "Pirate Party UK to Close Down". Pirate Party UK. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  10. ^ Scott, Katie (8 June 2009). "Pirate Party wins European Parliament seat". Wired UK. Archived from the original on 12 June 2009. Retrieved 17 August 2009.
    - McCormick, Andrew (8 June 2009). "Pirate Bay fans get voice on copyright issues". Revolution. Brand Republic. Retrieved 17 August 2009.
  11. ^ "Register of political parties, Pirate Party UK". The Electoral Commission. Retrieved 3 February 2010.[dead link]
  12. ^ "Pirate Party launches UK poll bid". BBC News. 13 August 2009. Retrieved 17 August 2009.
    - Harris, Mark (11 August 2009). "Pirate Party UK sets sail". TechRadar. Future plc. Retrieved 17 August 2009.
  13. ^ Barnett, Emma (13 August 2009). "'Hundred people an hour' joining Pirate Party UK". London. Retrieved 13 August 2009.
  14. ^ "PPUK Announces Parliamentary Candidates". Pirate Party UK.
  15. ^ "The Pirate Party UK, One Year On". Pirate Party UK.
  16. ^ "Loz Kaye elected leader of UK Pirate Party". Wired News. Archived from the original on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
    - "Pirate Party Elects New Leader'". Pirate Party UK.
  17. ^ "A Message From the New Leader". Pirate Party UK.
  18. ^ Gorton, Thomas. "Pirate Party is crowdsourcing its manifesto on Reddit". Dazed. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  19. ^ Pirate Party UK Election Results: General Election 2015, Wikipedia. Accessed 14 April 2019.
  20. ^ "Be a part of the new Pirate crew!". The Pirate Party. Archived from the original on 17 March 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  21. ^ "Internal election results July 2015". Pirate Party UK. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  22. ^ "The Board". Pirate Party UK. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  23. ^ "Pirate Party growing pains: Murder-suicide, a fetish model, and Alþingi". Ars Technica. David Meyeer. 24 October 2016. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  24. ^ "Manifesto Launch 2017". Pirate Party. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
    - "Press Hit: Pirate Party looks to make waves with Vauxhall manifesto launch". Pirate Party. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  25. ^ "Operation Doubloons is live!". Pirate Party. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  26. ^ "Press Release: Pirate Party announce first GE2017 Candidates". Pirate Party. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  27. ^ Election 2017: New Forest West, BBC News. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  28. ^ "Leaders Update: Sleep, Drink Rum and have fun with it". Pirate Party. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  29. ^ "General Election Statement". Pirate Party UK. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  30. ^ "OUR OPEN MANIFESTO" (PDF). Pirate Party UK. 8 June 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2020. We intend to restart the national debate and push for a system of proportional representation to be implemented for all elections in the UK.
  31. ^ Farrel, Adrian; Faggetter, Harley (30 August 2020). "Proposal to Close Pirate Party UK". Pirate Party UK. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  32. ^ a b Chapman, Mark. "NEC Election Results 2017". Archived from the original on 14 June 2017. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
  33. ^ "London — Pirate Party UK blog". Archived from the original on 13 October 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  34. ^ "York — Pirate Party UK blog". Archived from the original on 8 October 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  35. ^ "Manchester — Pirate Party UK blog". Archived from the original on 13 October 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  36. ^ "Know us, Like us, Vote for us". The Pirate Party. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  37. ^ "The Pirate Party in Bury". 16 January 2014. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  38. ^ "Pirate Party Wales: We need to become a digital dragon". The Daily Wales. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  39. ^ "Bridgend Constituency". Pirate Party Wales. Archived from the original on 23 April 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  40. ^ "PPUK leaves PPI". Pirate Party UK. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
    - Halsall, Andy (26 February 2015). "PPUK Bids Farewell to PPI". Pirate Times. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  41. ^ a b "Pirate Party UK Statement of Accounts 2015". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  42. ^ "Pirate Party UK Statement of Accounts 2016". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  43. ^ "Pirate Party UK Statement of Accounts for year ending 31 December 2017". Electoral Commission. 29 April 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  44. ^ "Pirate Party UK Statement of Accounts for year ending 31 December 2018". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  45. ^ "Pirate Party UK Statement of Accounts for year ending 31 December 2019". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  46. ^ Turton, Stuart (12 August 2009). "Q&A: Why the UK needs the Pirate Party". PC Pro. Retrieved 17 August 2009.

External links

This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 02:49
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