Pierre Samuel  

Born  
Died  23 August 2009 Paris  (aged 87)
Nationality  French 
Alma mater  Princeton University 
Known for  Ramanujam–Samuel theorem Hilbert–Samuel function 
Scientific career  
Fields  Mathematics 
Institutions  University of Paris 
Doctoral advisor  Oscar Zariski 
Doctoral students  Daniel Lazard Artibano Micali Christian Peskine Lucien Szpiro 
Pierre Samuel (12 September 1921^{[1]} – 23 August 2009^{[2]}) was a French mathematician, known for his work in commutative algebra and its applications to algebraic geometry. The twovolume work Commutative Algebra that he wrote with Oscar Zariski is a classic. Other books of his covered projective geometry and algebraic number theory.
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Transcription
Early life and education
Samuel studied at the Lycée JansondeSailly in Paris before attending the École Normale Supérieure where he studied for his Agrégé de mathematique. He received his Master of Arts and then a Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1947, under the supervision of Oscar Zariski, with a thesis "Ultrafilters and Compactification of Uniform Spaces".
Career
Samuel ran a Paris seminar during the 1960s, and became Professeur émérite at the Université ParisSud (Orsay). His lectures on unique factorization domains published by the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research played a significant role in computing the Picard group of a Zariski surface via the work of Jeffrey Lang and collaborators. The method was inspired by earlier work of Nathan Jacobson and Pierre Cartier another outstanding member of the Bourbaki group. Nicholas Katz related this to the concept of pcurvature of a connection introduced by Alexander Grothendieck.
He was a member of the Bourbaki group, and filmed some of their meetings. A French television documentary on Bourbaki broadcast some of this footage in 2000.
Samuel was also active in issues of social justice, including concerns about environmental degradation (where he was influenced by Grothendieck), and arms control.^{[3]} He died in Paris in August 2009.^{[2]}
His doctoral students include Lucien Szpiro and Daniel Lazard.
Awards and honors
In 1958 he was an invited speaker (Relations d'équivalence en géométrie algébrique) at the ICM in Edinburgh. In 1969 he won the Lester R. Ford Award.^{[4]}
Works
 Algèbre locale, Mémorial des Sciences Mathématiques, vol. 123, Paris: GauthierVillars, 1953^{[5]}
 Méthodes d'algèbre abstraite en géométrie algébrique, Berlin: Springer, 1955^{[6]}
 with Oscar Zariski: Commutative algebra I, Graduate Texts in Mathematics, vol. 28, Berlin, New York: SpringerVerlag, 1975 [1958], ISBN 9780387900896, MR 0090581
 with Oscar Zariski: Commutative algebra. Vol. II, Berlin, New York: SpringerVerlag, 1975 [1960], ISBN 9780387901718, MR 0389876
 Anneaux factoriels, Publicaçoes da Sociedade de Matematica de São Paulo, 1962
 Théorie algébrique des nombres. Hermann. 1967. ISBN 2705655891.
 Écologie: détente ou cycle infernal, Union générale d'éditions, Collection 1018, 1973
 Amazones, guerrières et gaillardes, éditions Complexe & Presses universitaires de Grenoble, 1975
 Le nucléaire en question, 1980
 Géométrie projective, Presses universitaires de France, 1986
 Colloque en l'honneur de Pierre Samuel, Mém. Société mathématique de France (1989)
References
 ^ O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Pierre Samuel", MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive, University of St Andrews
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} Obituary of Pierre Samuel (LeMonde)
 ^ Pierre Samuel Letter to the American Mathematical Society
 ^ Samuel, Pierre (1968). "Unique Factorization". Amer. Math. Monthly. 75 (9): 945–952. doi:10.2307/2315529. JSTOR 2315529.
 ^ Cohen, I. S. (1955). "Review: Algèbre locale by P. Samuel" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 61 (5): 454–456. doi:10.1090/s000299041955099543.
 ^ Lang, Serge (1956). "Review: Méthodes d'algèbre abstraite en géométrie algébrique by P. Samuel" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 62 (3): 273–277. doi:10.1090/s000299041956100244.
Further reading
 Colloque en l'honneur de Pierre Samuel, Mem. Math. Soc. Fr. (1989)
 Tangente Magazine
External links
 Pierre Samuel at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
 O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Pierre Samuel", MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive, University of St Andrews