To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Philadelphia Contributionship

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Philadelphia Contributionship
Philadelphia Contributionship.jpg
Location212 S. 4th St.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Coordinates39°56′49″N 75°08′54″W / 39.946825°N 75.148249°W / 39.946825; -75.148249Coordinates: 39°56′49″N 75°08′54″W / 39.946825°N 75.148249°W / 39.946825; -75.148249
ArchitectThomas U. Walter
Collins and Autenreith[1]
Architectural styleGreek Revival[1]
NRHP reference #71000732
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMay 27, 1971[3]
Designated NHLDecember 22, 1977[4]
Designated PHMCDecember 17, 1954[2]

The Philadelphia Contributionship for the Insurance of Houses from Loss by Fire is the oldest property insurance company in the United States. It was organized by Benjamin Franklin in 1752, and incorporated in 1768.[1][5]

The Contributionship's building, at 212 S. 4th Street between Walnut and Locust Streets in the Society Hill neighborhood of Philadelphia, was built in 1835-36 and was designed by Thomas U. Walter in the Greek Revival style, with Corinthian columns. The portico was replaced in 1866 by Collins and Autenreith who also expanded the living quarters on the top two floors by the addition of a mansard roof. A marble cornice between the third and fourth floors was also added.[1] The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971 and was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1977.[4][6]


The Philadelphia Contributionship was founded in 1752, largely through the efforts of Benjamin Franklin. It was structured as a mutual insurance organization, providing fire insurance to a limited area in and around Philadelphia. It introduced several key principles that underpin modern insurance techniques, including inspecting properties to be insured, and setting rates based on a risk assessment. Buildings that were not constructed to specified standards were rejected for coverage, and rates could be raised for unsafe living practices, such as the storage of combustible materials in wooden buildings. The company also was the first to establish a financial reserve from which to pay claims.[6]

Franklin's newspaper, The Pennsylvania Gazette, first began to advertise the upcoming (April 13, 1752) organizational meeting in its issue of February 18, with a notice that "All persons inclined to subscribe to the articles of insurance of houses from fire, in or near this city, are desired to appear at the Court-house, where attendance will be given, to take in their subscriptions, every seventh day of the week, in the afternoon, until the 13th of April next, being the day appointed by the said articles for electing twelve directors and a treasurer." [7][8]

The company directors at first met in taverns and other public meeting spaces, with larger organizational meetings taking place at the courthouse. Its directors finally purchased land for a permanent headquarters in 1835. Although the company has not innovated in insurance practices since its early days, it continues to function as an insurer in the Philadelphia area.[6]

Early directors

Notable early directors of the company included:
Name Occupation
William Coleman judge
Benjamin Franklin printer
Samuel Rhoads architect / master carpenter
Philip Syng silversmith

See also



  1. ^ a b c d Gallery, John Andrew, ed. (2004), Philadelphia Architecture: A Guide to the City (2nd ed.), Philadelphia: Foundation for Architecture, ISBN 0962290815, p.50
  2. ^ "PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
  4. ^ a b "Philadelphia Contributionship". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-17.
  5. ^ "Key events in the history of Contributionship". The Contributionship Companies. Archived from the original on February 5, 2011. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
  6. ^ a b c George R. Adams (May 1977). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Philadelphia Contributionship" (pdf). National Park Service. and Accompanying 9 photos, exterior and interior, from 1972 and 1977 (32 KB)
  7. ^ The Pennsylvania Gazette, February 18, 1752, p2
  8. ^ The Pennsylvania Gazette, March 17, 1752, p2

External links

This page was last edited on 2 February 2019, at 17:14
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.